Elton John, Mumford & Sons + Many More Join Al Gore for 24 Hours of Reality
‘The 24 Hours of Reality and Live Earth: The World Is Watching global broadcast event lineup will include Duran Duran, Florence + The Machine, Mumford & Sons, Neil Young, Laura Pausini and Joss Stone & Dave Stewart. They join an unprecedented array of artists, celebrities, government leaders and climate experts and activists for the round-the-clock, around-the-world broadcast aimed at building momentum for action at the upcoming UN climate change talks in Paris.
Now that’s an amazing line-up! Tune into #24HoursofReality on November 13-14 https://t.co/TplVgTOHhi #WhyImWatching https://t.co/7Pja3XIlhd— Climate Reality (@Climate Reality)1447368701.0
Former U.S. Vice President and Chairman of The Climate Reality Project Al Gore will lead the global broadcast of The World Is Watching, airing from 6 p.m. CET/Noon EDT, Friday, Nov. 13 to 6 p.m. CET/Noon EDT, Saturday, Nov. 14. The World Is Watching is produced by The Climate Reality Project and Live Earth, whose partnership for this fifth-annual broadcast means it will include an extraordinary artistic lineup and distribution platform to maximize its global reach.
“24 Hours of Reality and Live Earth: The World Is Watching is about making sure the people of the world are informed and engaged so that they can make their voices heard in their capitals and at the negotiating table in Paris,” said Al Gore. “The UN climate talks can be a breakthrough moment to change the dangerous course we’ve set for our planet. We want the world’s leaders to know the world is watching, and it’s time for them to act.”
The stage is set...Make sure to tune in for @ClimateReality's #24HoursOfReality: #WhyImWatching https://t.co/8ylqBSIIvX— Al Gore (@Al Gore)1447364420.0
“The media landscape is cluttered, people’s lives are busy and the way people access information and connect with each other varies from person to person. To cut through, you have to provide truly compelling content and match it with multiple distribution streams that reach people in their homes and on the go,” said Live Earth founder Kevin Wall. “The climate crisis is grave, so we are harnessing the best content and the latest in mobile, social media and online distribution to make sure we can connect with people everywhere.”
24 Hours of Reality and Live Earth: The World Is Watching will include dynamic appearances and performances from world-renowned musicians and entertainers and will be available to a global audience through mobile, web and television broadcast.
Artists/Performers Announced Thursday:
- Duran Duran (Performing LIVE from Paris)
- Florence + The Machine
- Mumford & Sons
- Neil Young
- Laura Pausini
- Joss Stone & Dave Stewart
Celebrities and Performers:
- Elton John
- Fall Out Boy
- Jon Bon Jovi
- Vance Joy
- WALK THE MOON
- Ryan Reynolds
- Calum Worthy
- Ian Somerhalder
- Morgan Freeman
The World Is Watching will also include interviews with and presentations from government leaders and climate experts and activists broadcasting from Paris and eight other countries around the world (United States, Australia, Brazil, India, Canada, China, the Philippines and South Africa) to provide viewers with compelling, entertaining and informative content on the local and global impacts of climate change, as well as promising solutions that can be found around the world today. The broadcast will feature appearances from world-leaders such as:
- President François Hollande, France
- President Felipe Calderon, Mexico
- Premier Philippe Couillard, Québec, Canada
- Brian Deese, Senior Advisor to United States President Barack Obama
- Dr. Ernest Moniz, Secretary, United States Department of Energy
- Gina McCarthy, Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency
- Mayor Anne Hidalgo, Paris, France
- Kofi Annan, former .N Secretary-General
Each hour will also feature a presentation by members of The Climate Reality Leadership Corps, elite change-makers who have been trained by Al Gore to communicate the urgency of the climate crisis as well as solutions to it.
- Ian Bruce, Science and Policy Manager, David Suzuki Foundation—Nashville 2010
- Luciana Lepri, Chief of Staff, Ministry of Justice, Citizenship, and Human Rights, State of Paraná, Brazil—Chicago 2013
- Yoca Arditi-Rocha, Director and Founder, NO PLANETA B—Chicago 2013
- Laila Bazzi, Change Agent, Education Management—Sydney 2006
- Maria Elena Estares, Program & Training Director, Conserving forTomorrow Foundation—New Delhi 2015
- Nita Ganguly, Educator—New Delhi 2008
- Dr. Nicholas King, Independent Sustainability Consultant—Johannesburg 2014
24 Hours of Reality and Live Earth: The World Is Watching will have a global broadcast footprint. Visit www.24hoursofreality.org to find out how to watch the broadcast where you live or on your mobile device.
For viewers in the U.S., a 24-hour live stream will be available exclusively on mobile via go90—a free mobile-first, social-entertainment platform that can be downloaded via the App Store or Google Play. Verizon FiOS customers can watch on FiOS1 (Channel 1 and 501 HD). The broadcast will also be available worldwide through www.24HoursOfReality.org, The Huffington Post and www.AOL.com. Additional global broadcast partners will be listed at www.24hoursofreality.org.
Each hour, the broadcast will be punctuated by thought-provoking, knockout appearances from an all-star lineup. The broadcast is aimed at urging world leaders to push for the strongest possible climate agreement at the upcoming UN conference in Paris, and at urging people to take action in their own communities and homes.
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Natural gas is a versatile fossil fuel that accounts for about a third of U.S. energy use. Although it produces fewer greenhouse gas emissions and other pollutants than coal or oil, natural gas is a major contributor to climate change, an urgent global problem. Reducing emissions from the natural gas system is especially challenging because natural gas is used roughly equally for electricity, heating, and industrial applications.
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What RNG Is and Why it Matters<p>Most equipment that uses energy can only use a single kind of fuel, but the fuel might come from different resources. For example, you can't charge your computer with gasoline, but it can run on electricity generated from coal, natural gas or solar power.</p><p>Natural gas is almost pure methane, <a href="https://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/natural-gas/" target="_blank">currently sourced</a> from raw, fossil natural gas produced from <a href="https://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/natural-gas/where-our-natural-gas-comes-from.php" target="_blank">deposits deep underground</a>. But methane could come from renewable resources, too.</p><p><span></span>Two main methane sources could be used to make RNG. First is <a href="https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/inventory-us-greenhouse-gas-emissions-and-sinks" target="_blank">biogenic methane</a>, produced by bacteria that digest organic materials in manure, landfills and wastewater. Wastewater treatment plants, landfills and dairy farms have captured and used biogenic methane as an energy resource for <a href="http://emilygrubert.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/eia_860_2017_map.html" target="_blank">decades</a>, in a form usually called <a href="https://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/biomass/landfill-gas-and-biogas.php" target="_blank">biogas</a>.</p><p>Some biogenic methane is generated naturally when organic materials break down without oxygen. Burning it for energy can be beneficial for the climate if doing so prevents methane from escaping to the atmosphere.</p>
Renewable Isn’t Always Sustainable<p>If RNG could be a renewable replacement for fossil natural gas, why not move ahead? Consumers have shown that they are <a href="https://www.nrel.gov/analysis/green-power.html" target="_blank">willing to buy renewable electricity</a>, so we might expect similar enthusiasm for RNG.</p><p>The key issue is that methane isn't just a fuel – it's also a <a href="https://www.eia.gov/environment/emissions/ghg_report/ghg_overview.php" target="_blank">potent greenhouse gas</a> that contributes to climate change. Any methane that is manufactured intentionally, whether from biogenic or other sources, will contribute to climate change if it enters the atmosphere.</p><p>And <a href="http://doi.org/10.1126/science.aar7204" target="_blank">releases</a> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.07.029" target="_blank">will happen</a>, from newly built production systems and <a href="https://theconversation.com/why-methane-emissions-matter-to-climate-change-5-questions-answered-122684" target="_blank">existing, leaky transportation and user infrastructure</a>. For example, the moment you smell gas before the pilot light on a stove lights the ring? That's methane leakage, and it contributes to climate change.</p><p>To be clear, RNG is almost certainly better for the climate than fossil natural gas because byproducts of burning RNG won't contribute to climate change. But doing somewhat better than existing systems is no longer enough to respond to the <a href="https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2923" target="_blank">urgency</a> of climate change. The world's <a href="https://www.ipcc.ch/sr15/chapter/spm/" target="_blank">primary international body on climate change</a> suggests we need to decarbonize by 2030 to mitigate the worst effects of climate change.</p>
Scant Climate Benefits<p><a href="https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/ab9335/meta" target="_blank">My recent research</a> suggests that for a system large enough to displace a lot of fossil natural gas, RNG is probably not as good for the climate as <a href="https://investor.southerncompany.com/information-for-investors/latest-news/latest-news-releases/press-release-details/2020/Southern-Company-Gas-grows-leadership-team-to-focus-on-climate-action-innovation-and-renewable-natural-gas-strategy/default.aspx" target="_blank">is publicly claimed</a>. Although RNG has lower climate impact than its fossil counterpart, likely high demand and methane leakage mean that it probably will contribute to climate change. In contrast, renewable sources such as wind and solar energy do not <a href="https://www.eia.gov/environment/emissions/carbon/" target="_blank">emit climate pollution directly</a>.</p><p>What's more, creating a large RNG system would require building mostly new production infrastructure, since RNG comes from different sources than fossil natural gas. Such investments are both long-term commitments and opportunity costs. They would devote money, political will and infrastructure investments to RNG instead of alternatives that could achieve a zero greenhouse gas emission goal.</p><p>When climate change first <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/1988/06/24/us/global-warming-has-begun-expert-tells-senate.html" target="_blank">broke into the political conversation</a> in the late 1980s, investing in long-lived systems with low but non-zero greenhouse gas emissions was still compatible with aggressive climate goals. Now, zero greenhouse gas emissions is the target, and my research suggests that large deployments of RNG likely won't meet that goal.</p>
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When an elephant dies in the wild, it's not uncommon to later find its bones scattered throughout the surrounding landscape.
Elephant Burial Grounds<p>Highly social creatures that form deep familial bonds, elephants have long been observed gathering at the site where a peer or family member has died — often spending hours, even days, quietly investigating the bodies or the bones of other dead elephants.</p><p>Although the popular idea that dying elephants are instinctively drawn to special communal graves — so-called "elephant graveyards" — is a myth, their tendency to go out of their way to visit the bones and tusks of the deceased isn't unlike human rituals at graveyards, says animal psychologist Karen McComb.</p><p>"They spend a lot of time touching and smelling skulls and ivory, placing the soles of their feet gently on top of them, and also lifting them up with their trunks," McComb, who's been studying African elephants for 25 years in Kenya's Amboseli National Park, told DW.</p><p>The most striking part of watching an elephant experience loss, Poole recalls, is the quietude. She still remembers one of the first elephant deaths she witnessed; a mother who birthed a stillborn calf. That elephant stayed with its baby for two days, trying to lift it and defending it from vultures and hyenas.</p><p>"I was so struck by the expression on her face and her body. She looked so dejected. It was really like, 'Oh God, these animals grieve…'. It was just so different," Poole told DW. </p>
Witnessing Emotions in Animals<p>Not all scientists are comfortable concluding that elephants grieve. Among the more than 30 reports of elephant reactions to death that Wittemyer co-reviewed in <a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10329-019-00766-5" target="_blank">a study published in November 2019</a> were accounts of "enormous variation and nuance" he says. "It can be incredibly involved and intricate for extended periods or can be relatively cursory checks."</p><p>In Wittemyer's own experience, it can be difficult not to attribute some kind of emotional experience to the more involved interactions between elephants and their dead.</p><p>He shares the story of an "extraordinary event" involving the death of a 55 year-old matriarch in Kenya in a protected area that happened to be near his place of work. She was visited by multiple unrelated families while she was dying, including another matriarch that exerted such enormous effort attempting to lift her to her feet that she broke her tusk, which Wittemyer says, is "like breaking a tooth." </p><p><span></span>"It was a remarkable example of this heightened emotional state, it was very clearly a very stressful interaction," he says.</p>
A Different Sensory World<p>One factor that limits our ability to fully grasp the way elephants process and respond to loss is our markedly different sensory experiences of the world.</p><p>An elephant's world is fundamentally olfactory — based on smell. Ours is visual. Previous <a href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25053675/" target="_blank">research</a> has shown elephants possess the most scent receptors of any mammal, and can <a href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17949977/" target="_blank">use smell</a> to discern the difference between different human tribes from the same local area.</p><p>That could explain why elephants exhibit such interest in sniffing the bones and tusks of others, as a <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1617198/" target="_blank">2005 study</a> from McCombs highlighted. When presented with the skulls and ivory of long-dead elephants and those from other large herbivores, including rhino and buffalo, McCombs and her team found elephants approached and were specifically attracted to the remains of their own species. </p><p>Without access to the smells an elephant picks up on, Wittemyer says "an enormous amount of stuff" could be missed by humans when studying these behaviors.</p>
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