While kayaking in Monterey Bay, California, Tom Mustill and Charlotte Kinloch found themselves on the wrong side of a breaching humpback whale. One week and a viral video later, they sat down to share their side of the story.
Mustill and Kinloch are lucky to be alive and unscathed after a harrowing experience with a breaching humpback whale, caught on this video:
Q. Some on social media have questioned whether it was responsible for you to be out among the whales in the first place. Do you want to set the record straight?
Charlotte: We had exactly that conversation with our guide. We were following the guidelines—staying 100 yards from the whales, not kayaking towards them and moving back if they approached. That said, we hardly needed to be told. Your innate sense of caution tells you to keep back and out of the way of these giant animals.
It’s great people are interested in seeing whales, provided they behave responsibly. Thinking about and becoming fascinated with these creatures is the first step to protecting them.
Tom: One of my first jobs was working as a volunteer guide on a whale-watching boat, making sure boats didn’t approach whales too closely or disrupt their behavior, so I was very aware of the need to stay well back. Also, it’s obvious they can damage you, they’re massive! But in any environment there are risks, and if you go into that environment you have to accept those risks.
A whale breaching onto a kayak in Monterey has never happened before, and I think that was partly chance and partly the recovery of the ecosystem to the point where there are a lot of whales in the water very close to land, so that’s heartening.
Q. Footage taken from a nearby whale-watching ship has made the rounds online. Did you get a chance to speak to anyone who saw the collision first-hand?
Charlotte: We weren’t actually aware that there was a video until the next day. As we were heading back to shore, Tom wanted to talk about it straight away. I had to make him wait until we were safe on land. I couldn’t quite believe that it was over and we weren’t dead, or even hurt.
Our conversations when we got back to the kayak tours office revolved around why that whale had breached so close to us. Had it seen us? Had it intended to have some sort of interaction with us? Were we even a factor? I remember someone saying that whales breach to play. Certainly to my untrained eye the breaches that we had seen earlier in the day and from a distance looked playful to me more than anything else.
We also talked about how lucky we were to have seen what the whale had looked like so close up.
Q. Tom, you’re a nature videographer and—I’m assuming—a nature lover. Has this changed the way you look at nature at all?
Tom: I’m really lucky that my job allows me to spend time in extraordinary places and with some marvellous creatures. Before I worked in film-making I was a conservation biologist, and it was the desire to transmit a feeling of connectedness with the natural world that prompted me to change careers. I’ve tried to make films that inspire and enliven people rather than being full of doom and gloom.
This experience was very strange because I don’t think my brain can fully understand it. I have become a little obsessed with trying to find out as much as possible of what we know of the minds of these animals.
I actually wrote about this last week. Some people reading this have interpreted it as my thinking the whale gave a crap about squishing us, which I’m not saying at all! I’m most excited by how we have no idea what it thought. Isn’t that extraordinary? I would like to make a film about whales now, focusing on what we don’t know about their inner lives. This is partly an excuse to spend more time with them, but mainly to highlight how nuts it is that there are these gigantic living animals living alongside us and, although we’re making some headway, we still can’t really fathom what they’re thinking.
Q. What do you hope happens as a result of your story spreading across the world?
Tom: If we’d been kayaking there a few decades ago, we’d have been more in danger from the awful water quality than any sea beasties. Monterey Bay is one of the great conservation success stories. It’s alongside a huge human population with lots of farming and industry. The bay used to be so polluted the water would turn leaded paint on boats black. No whales or other life would come anywhere near the shore.
But thanks to the work of a whole bunch of people over the years, we could kayak out past rafts of sea otters and snuffling sea lions to a bay where gray, blue, humpback and orca whales visit. The day we were out our guide had never seen so many whales, let alone feeding so close to the shore.
But there is a really simple message that no one can avoid from watching the clip of our narrow escape: there are huge and fascinating beasts still in our seas. In fact, the humpback population has recovered so much that they might be removed from the endangered species list, and this is a triumph. I don’t want to die yet, but being ended by a resurgent humpback whale—a champion animal for life bouncing back—I’d take that over any other option I can think of.
Charlotte: I would love people to watch the video and take from it what an amazing animal this is, and how brilliant it would be if there were more of them. I’ll leave it at that.
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Jean-Marc Neveu and Olivier Civil never expected to find themselves battling against disposable mask pollution.
When they founded their recycling start-up Plaxtil in 2017, it was textile waste they set their sights on. The project developed a process that turned fabrics into a new recyclable material they describe as "ecological plastic."
Mounting Piles of Waste<p>It is not only the streets of Chatellerault where pandemic pollution is piling-up, but also the world's beaches and oceans. Once there, they can take up to 450 years to degrade and disappear.</p><p>Esther Röling, co-organizer of the annual Adventure Clean Up Challenge held on Hong Kong Island, has seen this waste firsthand. In October the sports challenge pitted teams against one another in a competition to remove trash from 13 hard-to-reach coastal areas around the city.</p><p>They find tons of both disposable and reusable masks, said Röling. "You wonder how it ended up there. Was it just thrown on the ground? Or was it in a garbage bag that broke open?"</p><p>Almost 10,000 kilometers away in Antibes on the sunny French Riviera, it's a similar picture. For the past few months, divers and clean-up volunteers working with an ocean clean-up non-profit called Operation Mer Propre have been collecting an increasing number of masks found on land and in the sea.</p><p>"Since the beginning of the lockdown when we started to count, we've reached 800, 900, [and now in total] 1000 masks," said co-founder Joko Peltier. </p><p>According to <a href="https://unctad.org/news/growing-plastic-pollution-wake-covid-19-how-trade-policy-can-help" target="_blank">UN estimates</a>, up to 75% of all coronavirus-related plastic could end up as waste in oceans and landfills.</p>
The Limits of Recycling<p>Yet not all are convinced the recycling of this waste is possible on a global scale. </p><p>"What those citizen groups are doing is really beneficial but once they collect it, it should just go to a landfill or an incinerator. They shouldn't necessarily expect it to get recycled," said Jonathan Krones, an industrial ecologist and visiting assistant professor of environmental studies at Boston College.</p><p>That's because mask recycling programs like Plaxtil are few and far between and most don't have the benefit of a readily adaptable production process. </p><p>Even in countries with solid recycling infrastructure, he says, the system is designed to separate out specific types of waste like bottles or cardboard.</p><p>"I imagine that it would be technically feasible to develop a separation process to filter out masks, but there simply aren't enough of them to make that economical," he said.</p><p>Collection is a big hurdle, he adds. Since each mask only weighs a fraction of a gram and they're scattered on roads or mixed with other trash, it is difficult and costly. </p><p>"You need a lot of raw material of the right quality to make investing in the recycling technology and the recycling system worthwhile," he said.<span></span><br></p>
Hemp, Sugar Cane and Sustainable Alternatives<p>Some projects are instead addressing the material used to make masks.</p><p>French company Geochanvre have created a mask made primarily from hemp, while in Australia, researchers at the Queensland University of Technology are experimenting with a disposable product made from agricultural waste. </p><p>Biodegradable options are exciting alternatives to reduce the fossil fuels needed for the creation of plastic-based masks, said Krones, but they don't absolve the wearer from the responsibility of what happens afterwards. </p><p>Bio-based masks often need their own composing solutions, he explains, because in landfill they can produce high amounts of the greenhouse gas methane when anaerobic bacteria feeds on the organic material. Methane is known to be significantly more potent than carbon dioxide.</p><p>"I think as long as we have in our mind that we want to have disposability, we're going to have to wrestle with a variety of different sorts of environmental tradeoffs," he said, adding that reusable, fabric masks are the best option available to most people.</p><p>Precimask is developing a clear face covering with an optional visor made from hard plastic, designed to be long-lasting.<br></p><p>Air enters either side of the cheeks through a technology normally found in pool filters and car exhaust systems, said company spokeswoman Juliette Chambet.</p><p>"We wanted to make ceramic-based filters that would be washable and cleanable, which would allow them to be reused as many times as desired without having to buy a new consumable or produce waste," she said. </p><p>Ultimately, encouraging mask wearers to think about the entire lifecycle of a mask is key, explains Neveu. </p><p>"We want people who put on the masks to realize that they are also responsible for the waste, he said. "It's not inevitable that this [pandemic] will become an environmental catastrophe.</p><p><em>Reposted with permission from </em><em><a href="https://www.dw.com/en/covid-19-recycling-pollution-trash-pandemic/a-55707817" target="_blank">Deutsche Welle</a>.</em><a href="https://www.ecowatch.com/r/entryeditor/2649032193#/" target="_self"></a></p>
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