Check Out the Greenest Looks From This Oscars’ Red Carpet
There were plenty of fabulous looks on the Red Carpet for the 91st Academy Awards Sunday night, but two in particular stood out for their sustainability.
Actresses Laura Harrier and Danielle Macdonald served as this year's ambassadors for the Red Carpet Green Dress (RCGD) campaign, which works to promote ethical, eco-friendly fashion at the Oscars and celebrated its 10th anniversary this year, according to The Hollywood Reporter.
Harrier, who starred in Spike Lee's BlacKkKlansman, wore a Louis Vuitton gown made with TARONI SPA blue crepe silk certified by the Global Organic Textile Standards (GOTS). It was also hand embroidered with glass beads, Swarovski crystals and sequins by Vermont Paris according to the harm-free textile standards set by the STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® label, RCGD reported.
She has arrived! BlacKkKlansman lead actress, @LauraHarrier, has wowed the crowd as she arrived at the 91st Academy… https://t.co/rmD9Oa0fHS— RedCarpetGreenDress (@RedCarpetGreenDress)1551051603.0
"I am so incredibly honored to be attending with Red Carpet Green Dress," Harrier told W in an interview. "The gown is made of blue crepe silk developed with efforts to eliminate all global hazardous chemical use. The handmade embroidery required more than 450 hours of work: glass beads, crystal shards, and sequins were specifically chosen to meet human-ecological requirements."
Macdonald, her fellow ambassador, who acted in the Oscar-nominated short film Skin and is also famous for Bird Box and Dumplin', wore a red Christian Siriano gown dyed with vegetable dye, RCGD said. The sleeves were made with recycled tulle.
"I've had some incredible red carpet moments in my career but I'm particularly excited about this design as it has the potential to change the world," Siriano said in the RCGD press release. "I want to show people that eco-friendly, ethical and sustainable fashion can also be beautiful."
“I’ve had some incredible red carpet moments in my career but I’m particularly excited about this design as it has… https://t.co/lMg1bN73u1— RedCarpetGreenDress (@RedCarpetGreenDress)1551062406.0
Macdonald also expressed her excitement to wear the dress.
"I think it's a really incredible thing, we need to pay more attention to our environment, and this is another way we can do it. Sustainable fashion is something we need to think about, because the amount of clothes that get thrown out is crazy," Macdonald said at a pre-Oscar party hosted by RCGD, according to The Hollywood Reporter.
Indeed, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, rubber, leather and textiles made up more than nine percent of municipal solid waste in 2014, for a total of about 23.27 million tons.
RCGD was founded in 2009 by Suzy Amis Cameron, who was inspired to start the initiative during the press tour for her husband James Cameron's film Avatar.
Thank you to our Founder, @suzymusing, who makes all this possible! “Over the past few years, #RCGD has become an i… https://t.co/V8oIRZ9odV— RedCarpetGreenDress (@RedCarpetGreenDress)1551069303.0
"To qualify as a RCGD eco-conscious garment, each piece must either be made from sustainable materials, including organic, recycled or repurposed fibers. Other features include using hand-made detailing or incorporating natural dye processing, with a dedicated focus on minimal negative impact on the environment, and environmentally and socially responsible design," RCGD explains.
In previous years, RCGD has worked with designers like Vivienne Westwood, Armani and Reformation and stars including Naomie Harris, Emma Roberts, Kellan Lutz and Lakeith Stanfield, according to The Hollywood Reporter.
#Milan Fashion Week Closes with ‘Oscars of #Sustainable Fashion’ #MilanFashionWeek https://t.co/VdAhbiaj2I— EcoWatch (@EcoWatch)1537803073.0
Sweden's reindeer have a problem. In winter, they feed on lichens buried beneath the snow. But the climate crisis is making this difficult. Warmer temperatures mean moisture sometimes falls as rain instead of snow. When the air refreezes, a layer of ice forms between the reindeer and their meal, forcing them to wander further in search of ideal conditions. And sometimes, this means crossing busy roads.
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By Aaron W Hunter
A chance discovery of a beautifully preserved fossil in the desert landscape of Morocco has solved one of the great mysteries of biology and paleontology: how starfish evolved their arms.
The Pompeii of palaeontology. Aaron Hunter, Author provided<h2></h2><p>Although starfish might appear very robust animals, they are typically made up of lots of hard parts attached by ligaments and soft tissue which, upon death, quickly degrade. This means we rely on places like the Fezouata formations to provide snapshots of their evolution.</p><p>The starfish fossil record is patchy, especially at the critical time when many of these animal groups first appeared. Sorting out how each of the various types of ancient starfish relate to each other is like putting a puzzle together when many of the parts are missing.</p><h2>The Oldest Starfish</h2><p><em><a href="https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/216101v1.full.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Cantabrigiaster</a></em> is the most primitive starfish-like animal to be discovered in the fossil record. It was discovered in 2003, but it has taken over 17 years to work out its true significance.</p><p>What makes <em>Cantabrigiaster</em> unique is that it lacks almost all the characteristics we find in brittle stars and starfish.</p><p>Starfish and brittle stars belong to the family Asterozoa. Their ancestors, the Somasteroids were especially fragile - before <em>Cantabrigiaster</em> we only had a handful of specimens. The celebrated Moroccan paleontologist Mohamed <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.06.041" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Ben Moula</a> and his local team was instrumental in discovering <a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0031018216302334?via%3Dihub" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">these amazing fossils</a> near the town of Zagora, in Morocco.</p><h2>The Breakthrough</h2><p>Our breakthrough moment came when I compared the arms of <em>Cantabrigiaster</em> with those of modern sea lilles, filter feeders with long feathery arms that tend to be attached to the sea floor by a stem or stalk.</p><p>The striking similarity between these modern filter feeders and the ancient starfish led our team from the University of Cambridge and Harvard University to create a new analysis. We applied a biological model to the features of all the current early Asterozoa fossils in existence, along with a sample of their closest relatives.</p>
Cantabrigiaster is the most primitive starfish-like animal to be discovered in the fossil record. Aaron Hunter, Author provided<p>Our results demonstrate <em>Cantabrigiaster</em> is the most primitive of all the Asterozoa, and most likely evolved from ancient animals called crinoids that lived 250 million years before dinosaurs. The five arms of starfish are a relic left over from these ancestors. In the case of <em>Cantabrigiaster</em>, and its starfish descendants, it evolved by flipping upside-down so its arms are face down on the sediment to feed.</p><p>Although we sampled a relatively small numbers of those ancestors, one of the unexpected outcomes was it provided an idea of how they could be related to each other. Paleontologists studying echinoderms are often lost in detail as all the different groups are so radically different from each other, so it is hard to tell which evolved first.</p>
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