Wildlife Rehabilitators: The Hidden Heroes of Hurricane Season
By Meredith Brown
Thousands of people affected by the past two months' hurricanes owe their lives to the brave emergency responders at state and city police departments, 911 call centers, fire stations, the National Guard, and the Red Cross. But what about the wild animals whose habitats have also been destroyed? That's where wildlife rehabilitators, or "rehabbers," come in—specially trained and licensed individuals (often working as volunteers) who typically work in collaboration with local wildlife centers to retrieve and rehabilitate mammals, birds, reptiles and other species in distress.
Wildlife centers are often sparsely staffed and underfunded. In the aftermath of a natural disaster, they depend on networks of wildlife rehabbers to help respond to the barrage of calls, emails, and texts that come in about animals in danger. This was certainly the case when Hurricane Harvey pummeled Houston, Texas in August. TWRC Wildlife Center Executive Director Roslyn Even had to evacuate all staff and animals from their facility (the Center is located in a flood zone behind a reservoir); in the days that followed, TWRC relied on individual rehabbers to connect with callers seeking assistance. "Those [rehabbers] who could leave their homes would make arrangements to meet people in the neighborhoods who had animals," Even explained.
A TWRC staffer feeds a baby squirrel rescued during Hurricane Harvey. The TWRC Wildlife Center
In addition to several baby squirrels and hummingbirds, TWRC rescued one of the most famous faces of Hurricane Harvey: Harvey the Hurricane Hawk. After TWRC staff member Liz Compton saw a YouTube video of a Cooper's Hawk riding inside a cab (apparently unable to fly away), Compton contacted the driver and found her way through the flooded streets to retrieve the hawk for rehabilitation. The story went viral, with people from all over the world expressing concern over the hawk. Once rescued, it was quickly identified as a female, but the name stuck. After significant recovery, she was transferred to the Blackland Prairie Raptor Center for further rehabilitation, and was recently released back into the wild. Roslyn Even cites the hawk's high profile as a silver lining in the hurricane's wake. "I think we'll be able to take better care of the animals that are here surviving, because there is more awareness."
In other cases, residents were left with no other choice than to take in struggling animals until the roads were safe enough to get them to a wildlife center. "They themselves were waiting to be rescued," Even said of the people calling in. TWRC staffers offered helpful information on how to keep the animals warm and safe. "That was one of the only times we've ever given advice on how to feed the animal," said Even. She explains that normally, rehabilitators advise citizens not to feed or give the animal anything to drink for fear of causing more harm. "It was going to be days before we could get to the animal," she said. "There wasn't easy access; it was like a maze to get from one side of town to the other. People had to go hours out of their way."
Rehabbers flocked in from other cities to join the relief effort. When a video depicting Alicia Plunkett's efforts to save Houston's famous Waugh Bridge bat colony went viral, Erica Quinzel of Bat World Sanctuary in Weatherford, Texas—almost 300 miles north of Houston—jumped in the car and headed south. Despite suffering several flat tires from driving through flooded, debris-filled streets, Quinzel managed to take all of the hundreds of bats Plunkett had rescued and provide them with fluids, meals, and warmth until they could be released. Before the flooding became too dangerous, Quinzel also aided Plunkett in rescuing as many additional Waugh Bridge bats as possible. The majority were rehabilitated and released by Quinzel within days, and 70 bats were transported back to Bat World Sanctuary for specialized rehabilitation for broken wings and other injuries.
Bats rescued from Hurricane Harvey.Bat World
San Antonio-based wildlife rehabilitator Michelle Camara—director of Bat World Alamo and owner of Southern Wildlife Rehab—took another approach: organizing a fundraiser to support Harvey-affected rehabbers throughout the state. After the online campaign garnered national attention, Animal Help Now and IWRC (International Wildlife Rehabilitation Council) joined with Camara to expand the fundraiser to include wildlife rehabilitators responding to Hurricane Irma and other climate events. The more than $12,000 donated so far has now been distributed to rehabbers and wildlife centers working with limited and flooding-damaged supplies.
Not long after Harvey made landfall in Texas, Hurricane Irma hit Florida, and the state's wildlife rehabbers sprang into action. Fort Lauderdale's Southern Florida Wildlife Center relocated several hundred animals before closing its doors out of safety concerns as Irma made landfall. The Center's staff and volunteer wildlife rehabilitators were left to take in and foster newly injured and orphaned animals—mostly young squirrels, juvenile birds, and baby raccoons blown out of their nests and trees during the worst of the storm.
On Florida's Gulf coast, in the midst of raging winds, power outages, and dwindling supplies, the Wildlife Center of Venice took in a record 130 animals—more than 10 times its usual workload. Incredibly, volunteers still showed up that day to take care of the center's newest residents: wildlife orphaned and injured by Florida's latest disaster.
Meanwhile, on South Florida's other coast, licensed wildlife rehabilitator Lloyd Brown spent the first 12 hours of "landfall day" alone at the center he founded, Wildlife Rescue of Dade County, waiting for volunteers to brave the storm and help field the constant intake of wildlife. "I could barely get one animal treated before another animal came in," recalled Brown, a firefighter who spends his off days running (and funding out-of-pocket) the center. The most common greeting Brown heard upon picking up the receiver that Monday? "Oh thank God someone finally answered the phone!" During that worst day of the hurricane, fellow rehabbers in the area had apparently been unable to take calls.
A rehabber-vet feeds an injured raccoon in the wake of Hurricane Irma.Lloyd Brown
A rehabber since 1993, Brown worked for years as one of the lead rescuers for the U.S. and International Chapters of the Humane Society, saving animals in dire straits across the globe. When he isn't fighting fires or rescuing animals, he teaches a natural disaster response course for other animal rehab centers. "Everybody has a plan until it actually hits. Then your plan starts to fall apart," said Brown, whose course encourages people to rehearse for disasters and ensure that things like backup generators are working properly. One important takeaway from Brown's experience with Irma? To always have liquid canned formula on hand, in case of power loss, which can cause powdered formula to spoil.
A rehabilitated baby raccoon. Austin Wildlife Rescue
A thousand miles southeast of Florida, the island of Puerto Rico lies exposed in the middle of the Caribbean Sea. Slammed with back-to-back hurricanes this season, Caribbean wildlife had little time to find shelter before the next big storm. In anticipation of the arrival of Hurricanes Irma and Maria, Puerto Rico's U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) staff took preemptive measures to protect wildlife in the El Yunque Aviary, located in Northwest Puerto Rico's mountainous El Yunque National Forest. Two FWS employees spent a day gathering the endangered Puerto Rican parrots in their care and "hunkered down" with the birds high up in the mountains. These dedicated employees weathered the storm in the aviary's hurricane room, constructed to withstand hurricane-force winds. FWS public affairs specialist Mark Davis confirms that all but four Puerto Rican parrots made it safely through Hurricanes Irma and Maria in the El Yunque Aviary. Like so many wild species this hurricane season, these parrots' safety can be credited directly to the heroic efforts of wildlife specialists and rehabilitators.
Rehabbers help maintain humans' and animals' delicate coexistence within an uncertain, ever-changing climate. Camara emphasizes the importance and urgency of funding rehabbers, especially in times of crises, as they often pay out-of-pocket for supplies to take care of rescued animals. "Give five dollars to Red Cross and five dollars to a wildlife rehabber," she suggests, noting that these funds go directly to wildlife centers with no strings attached—allowing rehabbers to do their jobs minus the burden of applying for grants and waiting for funds to arrive.
Camara notes that rehabbers must take risks and deal with grief on a regular basis, because despite their best efforts, injured animals often die on their watch. Still, as natural disasters ravage coasts and cities, rehabbers keep going out there to help the helpless. "We're a special breed of people," she says. "We're like superheroes. We can handle everything. That's what we do."
Reposted with permission from our media associate SIERRA Magazine.
By Anne-Sophie Brändlin
1. My Octopus Teacher (2020)<span style="display:block;position:relative;padding-top:56.25%;" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="43d618cfe4dea9f32fdb2880868a6f5f"><iframe lazy-loadable="true" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/3s0LTDhqe5A?rel=0" width="100%" height="auto" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;"></iframe></span><p>No person has ever gotten as <a href="https://www.ecowatch.com/my-octopus-teacher-movie-2647785692.html">close and intimate with a wild octopus</a> as South African filmmaker Craig Foster, who decided to head out to an underwater kelp forest in the Atlantic Ocean every day for an entire year to capture the life of the mesmerizing creature. An unusual, touching friendship develops that will likely change the way you see your relationship to animals and the planet.</p>
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8. Cowspiracy: The Sustainability Secret (2014)<span style="display:block;position:relative;padding-top:56.25%;" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="9b7e7a93c26b3a3fc4f8a8374d98e2f2"><iframe lazy-loadable="true" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/nV04zyfLyN4?rel=0" width="100%" height="auto" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;"></iframe></span><p>This crowdfunded documentary explores the impact of animal agriculture on the environment and investigates why the world's leading environmental organizations are too afraid to talk about it. The film has caused controversy by suggesting that animal agriculture is the primary source of environmental destruction and the main emitter of greenhouse gases, rather than fossil fuels.</p>
9. Years of Living Dangerously (2014)<span style="display:block;position:relative;padding-top:56.25%;" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="585f966df408ae57e3e31747a6c0a66b"><iframe lazy-loadable="true" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/juXzfwvVHZQ?rel=0" width="100%" height="auto" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;"></iframe></span><p>In this Emmy-winning documentary series, celebrity correspondents travel the world to interview experts and scientists on the climate crisis and its effects. But rather than focusing on its star power, the two-season series also shines a spotlight on ordinary people affected by the climate crisis and shows how we can save our world for future generations.</p>
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EcoWatch Daily Newsletter
By Victoria Masterson
Using one of the world's problems to solve another is the philosophy behind a Norwegian start-up's mission to develop affordable housing from 100% recycled plastic.
Sustainable Homes<p>UN-Habitat says an <a href="https://unhabitat.org/un-habitat-aims-to-use-plastic-waste-to-support-housing-for-all" target="_blank">estimated 60% of people living in urban areas of Africa are in informal settlements</a>. At the same time, between 1990 and 2017, African countries imported around 230 metric tonnes of plastic, "which mostly ended up in dump sites creating a massive environmental challenge," the agency adds.</p><p>UN-Habitat deputy executive director, Victor Kisob, said the aim of the partnership with Othalo was to "promote adequate, sustainable and affordable housing for all."</p>
Artist's impression of an Othalo community, imagined by architect Julien De Smedt. Othalo<p>Othalo's process involves shredding plastic waste and mixing it with other elements, including non-flammable materials. Components are used to build up to four floors, with a home of 60 square metres using eight tons of recycled plastic. A factory with one production line can produce 2,800 housing units annually.</p><p>Following successful laboratory tests, Othalo's factory in Estonia has started producing components to build three demonstration homes for Kenya's capital, Nairobi; Yaoundé, the capital of Cameroon and Dakar, the capital of Senegal.</p><p>Othalo founder Frank Cato Lahti has been developing and testing the technology since 2016 in partnership with <a href="https://www.sintef.no/en/" target="_blank">SINTEF</a>, a 70-year-old independent research organization in Trondheim, Norway, and experts at Norway's <a href="https://en.uit.no/startsida" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">University of Tromsø</a>.</p>
Othalo founder Frank Cato Lahti. Othalo<p>Almost <a href="https://www.un.org/development/desa/publications/2018-revision-of-world-urbanization-prospects.html" target="_blank">seven out of every 10 people in the world are expected to live in urban areas by 2050</a>. More than 90% of this growth will take place in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean.</p><p>"In the absence of effective urban planning, the consequences of this rapid urbanization will be dramatic," UN-Habitat warns.</p><p>Lack of proper housing and growth of slums, inadequate and outdated infrastructure, escalating poverty and unemployment, and pollution and health issues, are just some of the effects.</p><p>Mindsets, policies, and approaches towards urbanization need to change for the growth of cities and urban areas to be turned into opportunities that will leave nobody behind, UN-Habitat says.</p>
Pioneers of Change<p>Reimagining cities and communities for greater resilience and sustainability was a key topic at the<a href="https://www.weforum.org/events/pioneers-of-change-summit-2020" target="_blank"> World Economic Forum's Pioneers of Change Summit 2020</a>.</p><p>The digital event brought together innovators and stakeholders from around the world to explore solutions to the challenges facing enterprises, governments and society.</p><p>Opening the summit, <a href="https://www.weforum.org/events/pioneers-of-change-summit-2020/sessions/opening-plenary-8f731cbc65" target="_blank">Stephan Mergenthaler, the Forum's Head of Strategic Intelligence and a member of the Executive Committee</a>, said: "We need to change the way we produce, the way we live and interact in our cities to make this transition to net-zero emissions a reality…</p><p>"And as this year has illustrated so dramatically, we need to make every effort that we keep populations healthy, if we want to avoid jeopardizing all this progress."</p><p><em>Reposted with permission from </em><em><a href="https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/11/un-africa-recycled-plastic-housing/" target="_blank">World Economic Forum</a>.</em><a href="https://www.ecowatch.com/r/entryeditor/2649069252#/" target="_self"></a></p>
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By Dolf Gielen and Morgan Bazilian
John Kerry helped bring the world into the Paris climate agreement and expanded America's reputation as a climate leader. That reputation is now in tatters, and President-elect Joe Biden is asking Kerry to rebuild it again – this time as U.S. climate envoy.
Energy Is at the Center of the Climate Challenge<p>The <a href="https://science2017.globalchange.gov/chapter/1/" target="_blank">effects of climate change</a> are already evident across the globe, from <a href="https://theconversation.com/100-degrees-in-siberia-5-ways-the-extreme-arctic-heat-wave-follows-a-disturbing-pattern-141442" target="_blank">extreme heat waves</a> to <a href="https://science2017.globalchange.gov/chapter/12/" target="_blank">sea level rise</a>. But while the challenge is daunting, there is hope. Solar and wind power have become the <a href="https://www.irena.org/publications/2020/Jun/Renewable-Power-Costs-in-2019" target="_blank">cheapest forms of power generation globally</a>, and technology progress and innovation continue apace to support a transition to clean energy.</p><p>In the U.S. under a Biden administration, long-term national climate legislation will depend on who controls the Senate, and that won't be clear until after two run-off elections in Georgia in January.</p><p>But there is no shortage of <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/features/2020-biden-climate-change-advice/" target="_blank">ideas for ways Biden</a> could still take action even if his proposals are blocked in Congress. For example, he could use executive orders and direct government agencies to tighten regulations on greenhouse gas emissions; increase research and development in clean energy technologies; and empower states to exceed national standards, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-autos-emissions-california/defying-trump-california-locks-in-vehicle-emission-deals-with-major-automakers-idUSKCN25D2CH" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">as California did in the past with auto emission standards</a>. A focus on a just and equitable transition for communities and people affected by the decline of fossil fuels will also be key to creating a sustainable transition.</p><p>The U.S. position as the world's largest oil and gas producer and consumer creates political challenges for any administration. U.S. forays into European energy security are often treated with suspicion. Recently, France blocked <a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/frances-engie-backs-out-of-u-s-lng-deal-11604435609" target="_blank">a multi-billion dollar contract</a> to buy U.S. liquefied natural gas because of concerns about limited emissions regulations in Texas.</p><p>Strengthening cooperation and partnerships with like-minded countries will be critical to bring about a transition to cleaner energy as well as sustainability in agriculture, forestry, water and other sectors of the global economy.</p>
Creating a Global Sustainable Transition<p>How the world recovers from COVID-19's economic damage could help drive a lasting shift in the global energy mix.</p><p>Nearly one-third of Europe's US$2 trillion economic relief package <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-07-21/eu-approves-biggest-green-stimulus-in-history-with-572-billion-plan" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">involves investments that are also good for the climate</a>. The European Union is also strengthening its 2030 climate targets, though each country's energy and climate plans will be critical for successfully implementing them. The <a href="https://joebiden.com/clean-energy/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Biden plan</a> – including a $2 trillion commitment to developing sustainable energy and infrastructure – is aligned with a global energy transition, but its implementation is also uncertain.</p><p>Once Biden takes office, Kerry will be joining ongoing <a href="https://www.un.org/en/conferences/energy2021/about#:%7E:text=The%20overarching%20goal%20of%20the,2030%20Agenda%20for%20Sustainable%20Development.&text=Accelerate%20delivery%20of%20United%20Nations,related%20issues%20at%20all%20levels." target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">high-level discussions on the energy transition</a> at the U.N. General Assembly and other gatherings of international leaders. With the U.S. no longer obstructing work on climate issues, the G-7 and G-20 have more potential for progress on energy and climate.</p><p>Lots of technical details still need to be worked out, including international trade frameworks and standards that can help countries lower greenhouse gas emissions enough to keep global warming in check. <a href="https://www.carbonpricingleadership.org/what" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Carbon pricing</a> and <a href="https://www.csis.org/analysis/how-can-europe-get-carbon-border-adjustment-right" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">carbon border adjustment taxes</a>, which create incentive for companies to reduce emissions, may be part of it. A consistent and comprehensive set of national energy transition plans will also be needed.</p><p>The global shift to <a href="https://www.irena.org/publications/2019/Jan/A-New-World-The-Geopolitics-of-the-Energy-Transformation" target="_blank">clean energy will also have geopolitical implications for countries and regions</a>, and this will have a profound impact on wider international relations. Kerry, with his experience as secretary of state in the Obama administration, and Biden's plan to make the climate envoy position part of the National Security Council, may help mend these relations. In doing so, the U.S. may again join the wider community of countries willing to lead.</p>
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