Urgent Request to Stop Southern Leg of Keystone XL Pipeline Ignored by White House
Senior Advisor to President Obama
The White House
Washington, DC 20500
Dear Ms. Jarrett,
Thank you for your recent visit to the Fast4Families tent on the National Mall. I appreciate you taking the time to hear the stories of those of us fasting for immigration reform, and the role you undoubtedly played in the President's subsequent visit to the fasting tent, where he thanked fasters for our collective "sacrifice and dedication."
I especially want to thank you for speaking with me afterwards to hear my request for a face-to-face meeting with President Obama to discuss stopping Keystone XL in its entirety—starting with shutting down the pipeline's 485-mile southern leg in Texas and Oklahoma. I voiced similar requests to Vice President Biden, Denis McDonough, Cecilia Muñoz and Tom Perez when they visited the fasting tent, each of whom is copied on this correspondence. You invited me to send you a letter requesting a meeting, and outlining our objections to Keystone XL, which you offered to share with the President.
In light of the fact that TransCanada began injecting oil into Keystone XL's southern leg on Saturday, with plans to bring the pipeline commercially on line by January 3, it is urgent that we meet with President Obama before the end of the year to identify immediate actions the administration can take to prevent this project from delivering tar sands oil to Gulf Coast refineries.
This letter is co-signed by several east Texas landowners whose rights have been violated by construction of the pipeline's southern leg; a matriarch of the Great Sioux Nation whose treaty rights stand to be violated by construction of the pipeline's northern leg; two prominent faith leaders; and two national environmental leaders. Given the urgency of this matter, your help in arranging a sit-down with President Obama before the end of the year would be most appreciated.
Michael Bishop, Julia Trigg Crawford and Eleanor Fairchild are three of numerous landowners in Texas and Oklahoma who currently have sections of Keystone XL pipeline buried beneath their property against their will.
Mr. Bishop is a Marine veteran who has several lawsuits filed to stop the pipeline's southern leg, including one to revoke Army Corps water-crossing permits that were issued without public hearings, as required by law. His response to those who says it's too late to stop the project is: "The pipe is in there illegally. That's like arguing that if a burglar is already in your house, well, now they have a right to be there."
Ms. Crawford, a Texas farmer who describes the pipeline as "all risk and no reward," is challenging TransCanada in court for abusing eminent domain laws to take her family's property for private use and private economic gain. Despite the late hour, she also maintains, "It is not too late for President Obama to right this great wrong."
Mrs. Fairchild is a 78-year-old great-grandmother who refused to play ball with TransCanada and was subsequently arrested for "trespassing" on her own land and labeled an "eco-terrorist" by the company. She has since traveled to Michigan to see for herself the devastating effects of the three-year old Kalamazoo River tar sands spill (the largest onshore oil spill in U.S. history) and says, "Texans do not want this pipeline forced through their homes."
All three of these Texas landowners have vitally important information to share with the President about TransCanada's abusive, deceitful and unjust treatment of U.S. citizens.
Lakota matriarch Debra White Plume will share with the President the unshakable determination of the Great Sioux Nation to nonviolently resist any attempt by TransCanada to build the northern leg of Keystone XL across their treaty territory. Such construction would violate the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, which was ratified by Congress. The pipeline would also endanger the Oglala Lakota's sole source of drinking water, putting the lives and health of their people at risk. A series of well-attended "Moccasins on the Ground" nonviolent direct action trainings have already been held to ensure that the pipeline does not cross treaty territory.
Earth Policy Institute President Lester Brown will share with the President why America needs to be shooting for the moon with renewable energy, not drilling our way deeper into the climate hole with extreme fossil fuel projects like Keystone XL's southern leg. A green energy "moon shot" will reinvigorate America's economy and generate many more jobs than our nation's current energy policies. The urgency of the climate crisis demands an emergency mobilization - similar to how the U.S. in 1942 restructured our industrial economy in a matter of months—to cut U.S. carbon emissions 80 percent by 2020.
Friends of the Earth President Erich Pica will share with the President the myriad of risks posed by Keystone XL's southern leg, including the potential for this continental carbon bomb to ignite catastrophic climate change. By evading a transparent and thorough review of the pipeline's likely impacts, TransCanada has not only jeopardized the American people's rights to clean air and clean water, but is also putting U.S. taxpayers at serious financial risk from tar sands oil spills.
Father Jacek Orzechowski and Franciscan Action Network Executive Director Patrick Carolan, who embrace the teachings of St. Francis of Assisi and his call for the protection of creation, will share with the President the perspective of Franciscans and other faith leaders who object to Keystone XL in its entirety on moral grounds.
There is a better way.
In June, the President pledged during his televised climate action speech, "I am willing to work with anybody—Republicans, Democrats, Independents, Libertarians, Greens—anybody—to combat this threat on behalf of our kids. I am open to all sorts of new ideas, maybe better ideas, to make sure that we deal with climate change in a way that promotes jobs and growth."
Our idea is to refrain from taking actions that will make matters worse. Knowing that the southern leg of Keystone XL will exacerbate the climate threat, by allowing more than half a million barrels of climate-destroying tar sands to flow daily from Alberta to Gulf Coast refineries, it is indefensible, from a climate perspective, for the Obama administration to allow this project to go commercially on line. The President himself stated during a July 24, 2013 interview with The New York Times: I'm going to evaluate this [Keystone pipeline] based on whether or not this is going to significantly contribute to carbon in our atmosphere."
As documented in a recent Sierra Club report, FAIL: How the Keystone XL Tar Sands Pipeline Flunks the Climate Test, the Keystone pipeline is a linchpin to more tar sands development, and increased tar sands development will significantly contribute to carbon in our atmosphere.
The staggering reality is that Canada's tar sands contain twice the amount of carbon dioxide emitted by global oil use in our entire history, with new tar sands mining techniques allowing up to 70 percent of that tar sands to be removed and burned. Climate scientists warn that fully exploiting this fuel source—which completion of Keystone XL's southern leg would help facilitate—could trigger an uncontrollable over-heating of our planet, threatening civilization as we know it.
The President also acknowledged during this same interview with The New York Times that this export pipeline is likely to raise U.S. gas prices and will generate very few jobs.
President Obama: "That oil is going to be piped down to the Gulf to be sold on the world oil markets, so it does not bring down gas prices here in the United States. In fact, it might actually cause some gas prices in the Midwest to go up where currently they can't ship some of that oil to world markets."
President Obama: "My hope would be that any reporter who is looking at the facts would take the time to confirm that the most realistic estimates are this might create maybe 2,000 jobs during the construction of the pipeline—which might take a year or two—and then after that we're talking about somewhere between 50 and 100 [chuckles] jobs in a economy of 150 million working people."
Then there is the issue of pubic health and safety. TransCanada's Keystone I pipeline, built in 2010, leaked twelve times in its first twelve months of operation. Just as the President said about immigration reform that "it is not a question of whether immigration reform will pass, but how soon," so do we assert that it is not a question of whether the southern leg of Keystone XL will spill, but how soon it will contaminate any one of the hundreds of rivers and streams it crosses, or the Carrizo-Wilcox Aquifer, which supplies water to more than 10 million Texans.
Alarm bells are ringing. Even before the installation of the pipeline's 485-mile southern leg was completed, there were 125 excavations of Keystone XL pipe along a 250-mile stretch in Texas due to "anomalies," including dents, sags and faulty welds. These weak spots in the pipeline pose the very real danger of leaks and spills. From a safety perspective, it would be the height of irresponsibility for federal regulators to allow this project to go commercially on line absent new inspections and a thorough investigation of TransCanada's highly questionable construction and safety practices.
Again, our request is for a face-to-face meeting with the President before the end of the year to identify actions the administration can take to prevent this project from going commercially on line.
We look forward to the President's response. I plan to remain in Washington, DC for the express purpose of this meeting.
Thank you for giving this most urgent matter your personal attention.
Tom Weis, President
Climate Crisis Solutions
Michael Bishop, Landowner
Julia Trigg Crawford, Landowner
Eleanor Fairchild, Landowner
Debra White Plume
Oglala Lakota Nation
Lester Brown, President
Earth Policy Institute
Erich Pica, President
Friends of the Earth
Patrick Carolan, Executive Director
Franciscan Action Network
Father Jacek Orzechowski, OFM & Chair,
Justice, Peace, and Integrity of Creation Directorate for the Franciscans of the Holy Name Province
Vice President Joe Biden
Chief of Staff Denis McDonough
Director of Domestic Policy Council Cecilia Muñoz
Secretary of Labor Tom Perez
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EcoWatch Daily Newsletter
By Dr. Kate Raynes-Goldie
Of all the plastic we've ever produced, only 9% has been recycled. So what happened to all that plastic you've put in the recycling bin over the years?
Triangle of Mistruths<p>The myth created around plastic recycling has been one of simplicity. We look for the familiar triangle arrows, then pop the waste in the recycling bin so it can be reused.</p><p>But the true purpose of those triangles has been misunderstood by the general public ever since their invention in the 1980s.</p><p>These triangles were actually created by the plastics industry and, according to a report provided to them in July 1993, <a href="https://www.npr.org/transcripts/912150085" target="_blank">were creating "unrealistic expectations"</a> about what could be recycled. But they decided to keep using the codes.</p><p>Which is why many people still believe that these triangular symbols (also known as a <a href="https://sustainablepackaging.org/101-resin-identification-codes/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">resin identifier code</a> or RIC) means something is recyclable.</p><p>But according to the American Society for Testing and Materials International (ASTM) – which controls the RIC system – the numbered triangles "<a href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/D7611.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">are not recycle codes</a>." In fact, they weren't created for the general public at all. They were made for the post-consumer plastic industry.</p><p>In other words, the symbols make it easier to sort the different types of plastics, some of which cannot be recycled – <a href="https://www.ecobin.com.au/understand-recycling-codes/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">depending on the recycling facility</a>.</p><p>"Unfortunately, just placing your plastic into the recycling bin doesn't mean it will get recycled," says Lara Camilla Pinho. She is an architect and lecturer at the UWA School of Design who is researching novel uses of plastic waste.</p><p>"The recycling system is complicated and often dictated by market demand. Not all plastic is recyclable. We cannot recycle plastic bags or straws for example."</p>
Behind the Scenes<p>So, what makes recycling plastics so difficult?</p><p>"Essentially, there are two types of plastics – thermoplastics and thermosets. While thermoplastics can be re-melted and re-molded, thermosets contain cross-linked polymers that cannot be separated meaning they cannot be recycled," says Lara.</p><p>"Even thermoplastics have a limit to the amount of times we can recycle them, as each time they are recycled they downgrade in quality."</p><p>Even when plastics are recyclable, it is <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/oct/13/war-on-plastic-waste-faces-setback-as-cost-of-recycled-material-soars" target="_blank">often more costly</a> than simply making new plastics.</p>
Sugar, Seaweed and Mushrooms<p>If the conventional recycling system isn't working, what else can we do with all the plastic we've created?</p><p>Lara is looking for ways to add value to recycled plastics such as using it in the design and development of architectural products. She hopes to use these architectural products to help underserved communities that are disproportionately affected by plastic waste.</p><p>In addition to recycling, we also need to find ways to reduce our use of virgin petroleum-based plastics.</p><p>Bioplastic is one such product that has been getting a lot of hype over the last few years. And although they're better than petroleum-based plastics, bioplastics also come with their own <a href="https://phys.org/news/2017-12-truth-bioplastics.html" target="_blank">set of challenges</a>.</p><p>"There are already a lot of bio-based alternatives to plastic, such as bagasse – a byproduct of sugar cane processing," says Lara.</p><p><a href="https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/the-mycelium-revolution-is-upon-us/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Mycelium</a>, a type of fungi we most often associate with mushrooms, are also providing an interesting plastic alternative.</p><p>"In the field of architecture, mycelium is starting to be used as an alternative to plastic insulation, but also as compostable packaging and bricks," says Lara.</p><p>"The bricks take around five days to make and are strong, durable, water resistant and compostable at the end of their use."</p><p><a href="https://www.arup.com/news-and-events/hyfi-reinvents-the-brick" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Hy-Fi Tower</a>, created by <a href="http://www.thelivingnewyork.com/living_about.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Living</a>, is an example of a building made from these bricks.</p><p>And finally, there's seaweed.</p><p>"[Seaweed is] cheap and can reproduce itself quickly without fertilizers. In architecture, there is use for seaweed as an alternative to plastic insulation but also as cladding," says Lara.</p>
More Money, More Problems<p>While all these alternatives are great, the main cause of our plastic dilemma is not scientific or technological, but economic.</p><p>As long as it remains <a href="https://engineering.mit.edu/engage/ask-an-engineer/why-is-it-cheaper-to-make-new-plastic-bottles-than-to-recycle-old-ones/" target="_blank">cheaper to create new plastics</a> from fossil fuels rather than from bioplastics or from recycling, we're going to be stuck with plastic garbage islands floating in our oceans.</p><p>The true cost to our health and our environment has yet to be included in the equation. But once it is, maybe that is when the real shift will happen.</p>
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Towards the end of the final presidential debate of the 2020 election season, the moderator asked both candidates how they would address both the climate crisis and job growth, leading to a nearly 12-minute discussion where Donald Trump did not acknowledge that the climate is changing and Joe Biden called the climate crisis an existential threat.
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By Zheng Chen and Darren H. S. Tan
As concern mounts over the impacts of climate change, many experts are calling for greater use of electricity as a substitute for fossil fuels. Powered by advancements in battery technology, the number of plug-in hybrid and electric vehicles on U.S. roads is increasing. And utilities are generating a growing share of their power from renewable fuels, supported by large-scale battery storage systems.