By Trisha White
It is now officially summer and that means many Americans are packing up the family truckster like the Griswolds and taking the tribe cross country. Whether you're on your way to America's favorite family fun park or a national park, staying in a motel or sleeping under the stars, you may be seeing wildlife in their native habitat. And if you keep your eyes open, you might see a special part of our built environment ー a wildlife crossing.
What is a wildlife crossing?<p>Wildlife crossings are clever, man-made structures built over or under highways that allow animals to cross the roadway without having to enter the right of way, preventing deadly accidents. In addition to preventing wildlife-vehicle collisions, they reconnect habitat that has been carved up by roads, allowing animals to move safely around their habitat. <br></p><p>Unless you know where to look, you might not even notice them. Crossings may seem like a regular overpass or underpass from the road, but they have vegetation and other habitat features to make them more inviting for animals.</p>
Which wildlife species use wildlife crossings?<p>Wildlife crossings help many different species, from muskrats to mountain lions ─ and yes, even Marty Moose! (<em>The moosiest moose we know…</em>)</p><p>Since animals can be picky about what kinds of structures they will use, crossings are specifically designed to fit snugly into the landscape around them, and are custom made for the species that will use them. Some critters that are more adaptable, like coyote and deer, will take to crossings right away, while others may take longer to get used to them. After all, the crossings are a new experience for them and can be scary at first. <br></p><p>Biologists believe each species' preferences are based on their environment and how they evolved. For example, ungulates with antlers (deer, elk, moose) prefer open structures like an overpass. Smaller animals that are used to more cover are more comfortable in small crossings like a culvert. Eventually mother animals teach their young to use them, passing along the intergenerational knowledge just like other behaviors.</p>
Where can we see a wildlife crossing?<p><br>Although wildlife crossings are relatively new to the U.S., we have them from coast to coast. Here are just a few examples you might see this summer near popular destinations:<br></p><img lazy-loadable="true" src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yMDU2NzgyOC9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY2MDEzODU4Mn0.rgvn4L-GUuExYz7eJVfBNuhfwOQttCyQNo5ip4ytHWc/img.jpg?width=980" id="2e47e" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="97de1e2ba5563dd81ddc4e6347087aef" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
Mountains<p>Are you motoring through the many mountains of Montana? Drive U.S. Highway 93 across the Flathead Indian Reservation to see the <a href="https://www.mdt.mt.gov/pubinvolve/us93info/wildlife_crossings.shtml" target="_blank">most extensive wildlife-sensitive highway design effort</a> in the U.S. to date. A whopping 81 wildlife crossing structures were built over a 76-mile stretch of highway, keeping 25 species safe, such as elk, mountain lions, bobcats, badgers, grizzlies and black bears.</p><img lazy-loadable="true" src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yMDU2NzgyNS9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYzNzQ4MDEyMH0.hVpWPlx6IUj0yQIdzqVoQ25UNWdlrKiNflbLh2NpKr8/img.jpg?width=980" id="da5de" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="ea7af2c298ee6f379a439f22473c9e62" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
The Montana 93 overpass.
Eastern Shore<p>On your way to the beach, you may choose the 18-mile <a href="https://www.baltimoresun.com/news/environment/bs-xpm-2011-01-02-bs-gr-wildlife-highways-20110102-story.html" target="_blank">Intercounty Connector (ICC)</a>. Opened in 2011, the ICC has ten underpasses providing safe passage for deer, foxes, raccoons, groundhogs, skunks, snakes and great blue herons.</p><img lazy-loadable="true" src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yMDU2NzgyNC9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY3MzI1ODQ1NX0.w6nRjZLizacEER4V7tCVXb3iXr5pw20GAriEhyBZEFM/img.jpg?width=980" id="adc57" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="67e00cab72ab523cbf39a6f968a35000" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
Maryland State Highway Administration
Hollywood<p>Wildlife in La-La Land? You bet! While you're stuck in traffic on the 405, wildlife will be cruising along the 31-mile stretch of the Puente-Chino Hills Wildlife corridor. Along the way, they will pass through the <a href="https://www.habitatauthority.org/harbor-boulevard-wildlife-underpass/" target="_blank">Harbor Boulevard Wildlife Underpass</a>, connecting 4,600 acres of protected habitat to the west with 14,000 acres to the east. Built in 2006, the underpass serves mule deer, coyotes, bobcats, squirrels, opossum, raccoons and jackrabbits. Without it, many of these species would have been trapped on the west side of Harbor Boulevard and possibly extirpated.</p><img lazy-loadable="true" src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yMDU2NzgyMi9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY2NjAyNTAxNX0.ncmVXt_CWenixMMwVxNpEwgFiRp7PuJc6tMm4GSOrU4/img.jpg?width=980" id="879db" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="dc722664e1e624e56ccacff4db41d9ea" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
EcoWatch Daily Newsletter
By Stephanie Gagnon
Happy National Parks Week! This year, between April 20 and 28, escape to the beautiful national parks — either in person or in your imagination — and celebrate the amazing wildlife that calls these spaces home.
1. Kick off the week with free entry to all national parks on Saturday, April 20.<img lazy-loadable="true" src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8xOTQwNTkzOC9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY3MDE5OTI1NX0.qPy9L04zr04LwopiTAvF1O6poB9nmAdHe48VoWao9to/img.jpg?width=980" id="094cd" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="5de2975a261635b32faaa538c31ac585" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
Grand Teton National Park.
David Keener<p>The National Park Service offers <a href="https://www.nps.gov/planyourvisit/fee-free-parks.htm" target="_blank">5 free entry days </a>each year, where fees to enter the park are waived. This is a great opportunity to visit your first national park and see what the buzz is about. Check out their <a href="https://findyourpark.com/" target="_blank">Find Your Park website</a> and make plans today!</p>
2. Take photos of wildlife (from a distance).<img lazy-loadable="true" src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8xOTQwNTk0My9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYxNzAzMzYwMX0.HVHEl9teame5yoLzSMB9pHgQ9XF_5nI6L1m9VJfska0/img.jpg?width=980" id="3e6fa" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="2a5b8166ef82e3ce99db4f895196872d" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
Roseate spoonbills feed in Florida's shallow waters by swinging their heads from side to side and sifting muck with their flat bills.
Jenni Kerteston<p>The wildlife that call our national parks their home can be cute (like the<a href="https://www.nwf.org/Educational-Resources/Wildlife-Guide/Mammals/American-Pika" target="_blank"> American pika</a>), majestic (like the <a href="https://www.nwf.org/Educational-Resources/Wildlife-Guide/Mammals/Florida-Panther" target="_blank">Florida panther</a>), or just plain weird-looking (like the <a href="https://blog.nwf.org/2013/02/photo-of-the-day-quick-snack-for-a-roseate-spoonbill/" target="_blank">roseate spoonbill</a>). They're great subjects for amateur and professional nature photographers alike. Just remember to<a href="https://blog.nwf.org/2019/02/get-outside-and-enjoy-wildlife-from-a-distance/" target="_blank">keep your distance and be aware of your surroundings at all times</a>.</p>
3. When you’re there, look for butterflies.<img lazy-loadable="true" src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8xOTQwNTk0OC9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY1NTAwOTE2N30.Nqu6kcEu-xor7H2_iq0HdDtacBHYIk01JypbVQofeO4/img.jpg?width=980" id="6c0d1" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="95316146fbfac418ae8c76bb87324db7" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
A pipevine swallowtail butterfly in Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
Jenny Pansing<p>These beautiful creatures are particularly photogenic. Species like the <a href="https://blog.nwf.org/2016/04/monarch-butterflies-in-national-parks/" target="_blank">monarch butterfly</a> can be observed in National Parks all over the country, while other species may be localized to one region. Want to take it one step further? <a href="https://www.nwf.org/Butterfly-Heroes/Heroes" target="_blank">Be a butterfly hero</a>!</p>
4. Use digital tools to engage with the natural world.<p>A visit to the national parks is a great way to spend some time away from screens enjoying the benefits of fresh air and beautiful sights. But if your family has trouble unplugging, <a href="https://blog.nwf.org/2018/09/when-nature-and-digital-screens-click/" target="_blank">there are plenty of resources</a> that can help you use your devices to better understand the world around you, including <a href="https://email@example.com,-28.11246453,-15485.90139803a,25524970.08886814d,35y,0h,0t,0r/data=Ci0SKxIgMzVhNjc1YmQ0NjVjMTFlOTg0Yjg1NTMyNWRjMDk2MzQiB3ZveV90b2M" target="_blank">Google Earth</a>! <a href="https://www.nwf.org/Educational-Resources/Educator-Tools" target="_blank">Movies, magazines, games, and apps</a> offer a variety of options, too.</p>
5. Can’t make it to the parks in person? Journey in your mind to these breathtaking destinations.<img lazy-loadable="true" src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8xOTQwNTk1NC9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYxOTU0MzE3OX0.J8gF7-Sp6jGXSPWvxN_YS3yuCAxa2fbGCYYOdLzwFcE/img.jpg?width=980" id="b7248" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="dbd7fb27008ea85ce56c59083365cae8" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
Denali National Park.
Stokes Clarke<p>Sometimes there's not enough time or money to get to the parks in person. <a href="https://blog.nwf.org/2014/04/the-grandeur-of-our-national-parks/" target="_blank">We've compiled some incredible photos</a> from entrants to our <a href="https://www.nwf.org/Magazines/National-Wildlife/Photo-Contest" target="_blank">photo contest</a> for you to enjoy from the comfort of your home.</p>
The best way to celebrate our national parks is to take care of them.<p>From successfully advocating for the <a href="https://blog.nwf.org/2019/03/lwcf/" target="_blank">reauthorization of the Land and Water Conservation Fund</a> to <a href="https://www.nwf.org/Home/Latest-News/Press-Releases/2019/01-31-19-Sulfide-Mining" target="_blank">opposing mining plans next to Minnesota's Boundary Waters</a>, the National Wildlife Federation is a <a href="https://www.nwf.org/Our-Work/Our-Lands/Public-Lands" target="_blank">leader in protecting our public lands</a> for wildlife and future generations of Americans. </p>
According to the UN Environment Program, up to 5 trillion single-use plastic bags are used globally each year, and because of the material they're made from, most municipal recycling centers don't accept them (more on this below).
The most sustainable option is to skip the bag altogether. You can also make your own reusable produce bags out of old T-shirts. But if you'd rather purchase them new, here are our recommendations for the best reusable produce bags on the market today.
Eco Joy<p>If you're making the switch to more sustainable shopping bags and want a variety of products to use, the <a href="https://www.amazon.com/Reusable-Sandwich-Biodegradable-Eco-Drawstring/dp/B003PK4W3I/ref=sr_1_36?crid=3TDUCB8ZOM7WI&dchild=1&keywords=produce+bags+grocery+reusable&qid=1613484643&sprefix=produce+bags%2Caps%2C189&sr=8-36" target="_blank">Eco Joy Cotton Reusable Produce Bags</a> set is a great place to start. The set comes with three mesh drawstring bags, three muslin drawstring bags, a large mesh tote and a zippered sandwich-size pouch.</p><p>Each product is made with organic, non-GMO cotton that's ethically sourced in accordance with Worldwide Responsible Accredited Production (WRAP) standards. The cotton comes from India and Turkey, and the bags are hand-assembled in Canada by the owner of Eco Joy, so you can feel good about supporting a small business while reducing your environmental impact.</p><p><strong>Customer rating:</strong> 4.7 out of 5 stars with over 300 Amazon reviews</p><p><strong>Why buy: </strong>Zero-waste; Handmade in Canada; WRAP compliant; Machine washable</p>
Organic Cotton Mart<p>Some shoppers prefer to use mesh bags when shopping for fruits and veggies. We recommend checking out <a href="https://www.amazon.com/Best-Reusable-Produce-Organic-Cotton/dp/B07CK2TJKL/ref=sr_1_16?crid=10A7NM0LQ0B7E&dchild=1&keywords=mesh+produce+bags&qid=1613483897&s=home-garden&sprefix=mesh+pro%2Cgarden%2C162&sr=1-16" target="_blank">Organic Cotton Mart's Reusable Cotton Mesh Produce Bags</a> if you're in this camp, as they're made with Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) certified cotton.</p> <p>Mesh reusable produce bags can make the checkout process easier than muslin bags since you can see what's inside them without having to open them up. Plus, the tare weight (i.e., the weight of the empty bag that should be subtracted from the total weight of your produce to make sure you don't pay extra for using your bag) is printed right on the label of Organic Cotton Mart's bags, making everything that much more convenient.</p> <p><strong>Customer rating:</strong> 4.6 out of 5 stars with nearly 1,000 Amazon reviews</p><strong>Why buy:</strong> GOTS certified; Machine washable; Biodegradable
Simple Ecology<p>On the other hand, if you just want to purchase muslin bags, we like <a href="https://www.amazon.com/Simple-Ecology-Reusable-Organic-Shopping/dp/B004UJ0U0C" target="_blank">Simple Ecology's Reusable Produce Bags</a>, which are also made with GOTS-certified organic cotton. Simple Ecology also has a <a href="https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01N6AUMBG/ref=sspa_dk_detail_2?psc=1&pd_rd_i=B01N6AUMBG&pd_rd_w=MA3ZS&pf_rd_p=cbc856ed-1371-4f23-b89d-d3fb30edf66d&pd_rd_wg=hVunQ&pf_rd_r=G6RTQ1Z5DKEY325MAJZ9&pd_rd_r=5d298b3a-1be7-4ebd-a9e1-d5d672a40497&spLa=ZW5jcnlwdGVkUXVhbGlmaWVyPUExMzc4RVAxWjNLOTdCJmVuY3J5cHRlZElkPUEwNTc0NTAwMzBDMjFYOVJPTUpWSCZlbmNyeXB0ZWRBZElkPUEwNjYyOTM4M0s4Vk81SVBPS1NFSyZ3aWRnZXROYW1lPXNwX2RldGFpbF90aGVtYXRpYyZhY3Rpb249Y2xpY2tSZWRpcmVjdCZkb05vdExvZ0NsaWNrPXRydWU=" target="_blank">starter kit</a> that comes with several reusable grocery bags if you're looking for more variety.</p> <p>The benefit of using muslin reusable produce bags is that, unlike mesh, there are no holes for small items to slip through. This means that in addition to larger produce, you can use them to purchase bulk foods like lentils, beans and rice — or even powders like flour or spices — without worrying about anything leaking. They're also best for keeping leafy greens fresh.</p> <p><strong>Customer rating:</strong> 4.7 out of 5 stars with nearly 1,500 Amazon reviews</p><strong>Why buy:</strong> GOTS certified; Machine washable; Biodegradable; Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) certified packaging when purchased from manufacturer
ECOBAGS<p>Whether you're buying bread, fresh flowers, produce or all of the above, the <a href="https://www.amazon.com/ECOBAGS-Market-Collection-Reusable-Natural/dp/B08KFGPGN5" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">ECOBAGS Market Collection Reusable Bag Set</a> is ideal for <a href="https://www.ecowatch.com/farmers-markets-coronavirus-safety-2645581711.html" target="_self">farmers market</a> shopping or large grocery hauls. The netted bags are durable, flexible, and pack down small so they're easy to keep in your car or purse.</p> <p>ECOBAGS is a woman-owned certified B Corp, which means it uses sound social and environmental practices. These bags come in packs of three or five and have a few different handle lengths and color options, but they're all made with GOTS-certified organic cotton.</p> <p><strong>Customer rating: </strong>Not applicable</p><p><strong>Why buy:</strong> GOTS certified; Machine washable; Biodegradable; Certified B Corp; SA8000 certified for the protection of basic human rights of workers</p>
By David Mizejewski
The holiday season (or any time of the year) is a great time to give gifts that help out your local wild birds. Even if it's a gift for yourself!
By David Mizejewski
Want to help bees?
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By Alyson Merlin
The scale of global conservation can seem daunting, and it is hard to incorporate the fight against global deforestation into our daily routines. If you want to help, but don't have the stored-up vacation days to participate in on-the-ground activism, the National Wildlife Federation has good news for you! The places where you rest your feet after work or school—from fancy sectionals to self-assembled futons—are actually key to saving the world's forests!
By Jane Kirchner
Right now, more than a 150 species of birds are on their way northward from tropical wintering grounds to take advantage of emerging insects, budding plants and an abundance of nesting locations. While larger birds tend to travel during daylight hours, songbirds and smaller species fly at night and will stop off and stick around for a day to eat and build up fat stores before continuing their journey. The best time to see and hear them in your yard is the first two hours after the sun rises!
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By Lisa Moore
Imagine yourself, camera in hand, suddenly spotting a grazing elk, a hummingbird feeding its chicks, a grizzly charging a rival or a bumble bee gathering pollen. You want the shot, but how do you get it without disturbing the natural behavior of the beautiful animal you're hoping to capture through your lens?
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By Beth Wallace
In June, the state of Michigan released a draft report on alternatives to Enbridge's Line 5 pipeline, which pumps up to 23 million gallons of oil and natural gas liquids (NGLs) per day along the bottom of the Straits of Mackinac. The draft report, written by Dynamic Risk, was met with heavy criticism from all sides, and the National Wildlife Federation joined with many others to suggest numerous and substantive changes. On Nov. 20, the final alternatives report was released to the public. As per an agreement with the state to obtain funding for the report, Enbridge has had five days to review this report before it is released publicly.
An aging oil pipeline moves 23 million gallons of oil and natural gas liquids per day along the bottomlands of the Straits of Mackinac, where Lake Michigan and Lake Huron crash into each other in the heart of the Great Lakes.
By Anne Bolen
On Aug. 21, for the first time since 1918, a total solar eclipse will cross the U.S. from coast to coast. Along the path of totality, the moon will completely block out the sun, turning day to twilight for nearly three minutes. While a partial eclipse will be visible throughout the U.S., millions will be flocking to spots along the path of totality, which begins in Salem on Oregon's coast about 10:15 a.m. Pacific Daylight Time and exits the nation at Charleston, South Carolina, where maximum coverage will occur about 2:47 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time. Perhaps no other natural event will inspire so many people to go outdoors.
By Cindy Hudson
Winter and spring in Oregon can be cold, wet and muddy, but thanks to seed grants from the National Wildlife Federation (NWF), 10 schools in the Portland area are learning the joys of getting outside and getting their hands dirty despite weather conditions.