soil

Climate Change Makes Soils Saltier, Forcing Farmers to Find New Livelihoods

Climate Change Makes Soils Saltier, Forcing Farmers to Find New Livelihoods

By Joyce J. Chen and Valerie Mueller Salt is essential for cooking, but too much salt in soil can ruin crops and render fields useless. According to legend, Roman general Scipio Aemilianus Africanus sowed the soils of Carthage with salt after conquering the city during the Punic Wars. And after defeating the Italian town of […]

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    Taller Arctic Plants Could Speed Dangerous Warming Feedback Loop

    Taller Arctic Plants Could Speed Dangerous Warming Feedback Loop

    Climate change is giving Arctic plants a growth spurt. A study published in Nature Wednesday examined seven key plant characteristics over 30 years of warming at 117 locations in the Arctic or alpine tundra and found that plants were growing taller at all locations studied. The international team of scientists, led by Aarhus University in […]

    UK Could Become ‘Net Zero by 2050’ Using Negative Emissions

    UK Could Become ‘Net Zero by 2050’ Using Negative Emissions

    By Daisy Dunne The UK could cut its emissions to “net-zero” within the next three decades by stepping up investment into technologies that can remove CO2 from the atmosphere, a report finds. However, such methods, which are known collectively as “negative emissions technologies” (NETs), would only be effective if paired with drastic efforts to cut […]

    What Would a Monsanto-Bayer Merger Really Grow?

    What Would a Monsanto-Bayer Merger Really Grow?

    By Courtney Lindwall A megamerger between two of the world’s biggest agricultural corporations looms on the horizon. The seed and pesticide giant Monsanto is inching closer to uniting with the German pharmaceutical and chemical company Bayer—a consolidation that could spell disaster for farmers, pollinators, and affordable, healthy food. Here’s why the Monsanto-Bayer merger is a […]

    Should You Only Grow Perennials?

    Should You Only Grow Perennials?

    One of the biggest things we can do to revolutionize regenerative farming is to focus on perennials! A plant being perennial means it lives for multiple years and can be harvested each year. Compare this to a plant that seeds and dies every year, and needs to replanted and retilled each year. Perennials are able […]

    Permafrost and Wetland Emissions Could Cut 1.5°C Carbon Budget ‘by Five Years’

    Permafrost and Wetland Emissions Could Cut 1.5°C Carbon Budget ‘by Five Years’

    By Robert McSweeney Emissions of CO2 and methane from wetlands and thawing permafrost as the climate warms could cut the “carbon budget” for the Paris agreement temperature limits by around five years, a new study says. These natural processes are “positive feedbacks”—so called because they release more greenhouse gases as global temperatures rise, thus reinforcing […]

    Urban Gardening 101: How to Deal With Contaminated Soil

    Urban Gardening 101: How to Deal With Contaminated Soil

    By Brian Barth Urban soils are particularly prone to contamination. Fifty years ago, your yard could have belonged to a farmer, who, perhaps not knowing any better, disposed of old bottles of anti-freeze or contaminated diesel in a hole out behind the tractor garage. Or perhaps the remains of a fallen down outbuilding, long ago […]

    Oil Hunt Damages Everglades’ Big Cypress National Preserve

    Oil Hunt Damages Everglades’ Big Cypress National Preserve

    By Alison Kelly New oil development has no place in sensitive wetland habitats in the Florida Everglades. The Burnett Oil Company, based in Texas, claimed it could explore for oil in the Big Cypress National Preserve with no significant, long-term impacts to sensitive wetlands. But these claims have been refuted, as Burnett Oil has caused […]

    5 Reasons Getting USDA Organic Certification Is Really Difficult

    5 Reasons Getting USDA Organic Certification Is Really Difficult

    As the only government-administered label that addresses farming practices, the organic emblem is vitally important. There literally is no other badge that carries as much weight. USDA certified organic-food sales topped $43 billion in 2016—emphasis on “USDA certified.” Ask around at your local farmers market and you’re likely to run into a few “all-but-certified” farms […]