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Journalist and author Chris Hedges, in his keynote speech at the Stop the Frack Attack conference in Denver, Colorado, declared that real change typically starts in the U.S. at the grassroots level, not the federal level.
Hedges' comment resonated with the conference's attendees, many of whom are focusing their organizing efforts at the state and local levels to slow down or halt shale gas drilling in their communities. "Any hope we have of overthrowing … corporate power will come with movements like this. It's going to come from the bottom-up," Hedges told the audience. "It's not going to come from the top-down."
Hedges worked at The New York Times for 15 years as a foreign correspondent and was part of a team of reporters that won a 2002 Pulitzer Prize for its reporting on terrorism. Since leaving The Times, Hedges has written a dozen books on American politics and society.
In New York, activists spent a half-dozen years pushing the state government to keep shale gas drilling out of their state. The work ultimately paid off when state officials in June 2015 announced that "after years of exhaustive research and examination of the science and facts, prohibiting high-volume fracturing is the only reasonable alternative." Most political observers believe the administration of New York Gov. Cuomo would not have banned fracking in the state if there had not been a strong grassroots movement against the practice.
In Colorado, the host state of the anti-fracking conference, the state Supreme Court recently agreed to hear two cases in which the gas industry filed lawsuits against cities whose residents adopted a bottom-up approach to shale gas drilling. In Longmont, Colorado, residents voted to ban fracking in 2012, and Fort Collins adopted a five-year fracking moratorium. Lower state courts had overturned the fracking restrictions after the Colorado Oil and Gas Association filed a lawsuit, saying that regulation of fracking is up to the state.
In a breakout session at the conference, Kirk Jalbert, manager of community-based research and engagement for the FracTracker Alliance, explained there are more than 1.1 million active oil and gas wells in the U.S. and that at least 15 million people live within one mile of a well. The FracTracker Alliance offers a do-it-yourself approach to tracking the industry by providing residents with tools to identify the location of energy industry activity in their communities.
The FracTracker Alliance, headquartered in Camp Hill, Pennsylvania, originated as FracTracker.org, a project of the Center for Healthy Environments and Communities at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. FracTracker.org split off from the university in early 2012 and formed a new nonprofit named The FracTracker Alliance.
The alliance recently released a free smart phone app that is designed to collect and share experiences related to oil and gas drilling. The app allows residents to track, monitor and report potential issues with drilling from their smart phones.
The investigative tools developed by FracTracker dovetail with Hedges' message that residents should remain vigilant about the actions of corporate interests in their communities. Hedges, whose latest book, Wages of Rebellion: The Moral Imperative of Revolt, lamented how political and corporate officials have succeeded in commodifying so much of the world, a concern shared by many in the audience who believe the energy industry views their communities solely as corporate profit centers. "Life has an intrinsic value rather than a monetary one," he told the audience.
Mark Hand has reported on the energy industry for more than 25 years. He can be found on Twitter @MarkFHand.
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A powerful volcano on Monday rocked an uninhabited island frequented by tourists about 30 miles off New Zealand's coast. Authorities have confirmed that five people died. They expect that number to rise as some are missing and police officials issued a statement that flights around the islands revealed "no signs of life had been seen at any point,", as The Guardian reported.
"Based on the information we have, we do not believe there are any survivors on the island," the police said in their official statement. "Police is working urgently to confirm the exact number of those who have died, further to the five confirmed deceased already."
The eruption happened on New Zealand's Whakaari/White Island, an islet jutting out of the Bay of Plenty, off the country's North Island. The island is privately owned and is typically visited for day-trips by thousands of tourists every year, according to The New York Times.
My god, White Island volcano in New Zealand erupted today for first time since 2001. My family and I had gotten off it 20 minutes before, were waiting at our boat about to leave when we saw it. Boat ride home tending to people our boat rescued was indescribable. #whiteisland pic.twitter.com/QJwWi12Tvt— Michael Schade (@sch) December 9, 2019
Michael Schade / Twitter
At the time of the eruption on Monday, about 50 passengers from the Ovation of Seas were on the island, including more than 30 who were part of a Royal Caribbean cruise trip, according to CNN. Twenty-three people, including the five dead, were evacuated from the island.
The eruption occurred at 2:11 pm local time on Monday, as footage from a crater camera owned and operated by GeoNet, New Zealand's geological hazards agency, shows. The camera also shows dozens of people walking near the rim as white smoke billows just before the eruption, according to Reuters.
Police were unable to reach the island because searing white ash posed imminent danger to rescue workers, said John Tims, New Zealand's deputy police commissioner, as he stood next to Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern in a press conference, as The New York Times reported. Tims said rescue workers would assess the safety of approaching the island on Tuesday morning. "We know the urgency to go back to the island," he told reporters.
"The physical environment is unsafe for us to return to the island," Tims added, as CNN reported. "It's important that we consider the health and safety of rescuers, so we're taking advice from experts going forward."
Authorities have had no communication with anyone on the island. They are frantically working to identify how many people remain and who they are, according to CNN.
Geologists said the eruption is not unexpected and some questioned why the island is open to tourism.
"The volcano has been restless for a few weeks, resulting in the raising of the alert level, so that this eruption is not really a surprise," said Bill McGuire, emeritus professor of geophysical and climate hazards at University College London, as The Guardian reported.
"White Island has been a disaster waiting to happen for many years," said Raymond Cas, emeritus professor at Monash University's school of earth, atmosphere and environment, as The Guardian reported. "Having visited it twice, I have always felt that it was too dangerous to allow the daily tour groups that visit the uninhabited island volcano by boat and helicopter."
The prime minister arrived Monday night in Whakatane, the town closest to the eruption, where day boats visiting the island are docked. Whakatane has a large Maori population.
Ardern met with local council leaders on Monday. She is scheduled to meet with search and rescue teams and will speak to the media at 7 a.m. local time (1 p.m. EST), after drones survey the island, as CNN reported.
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