By Emma Charlton
Gluts of food left to rot as a consequence of coronavirus aren't just wasteful – they're also likely to damage the environment.
Methane on the Rise<p>Not only is this a tragic waste of food at a time when many are going hungry, it is also an <a href="https://donatedontdump.net/2014/07/07/the-effects-of-food-waste-on-the-environment-by-junemy-pantig/" target="_blank">environmental hazard</a> and could contribute to global warming. Landfill gas – <a href="https://www.epa.gov/lmop/basic-information-about-landfill-gas" target="_blank">roughly half methane and half carbon dioxide (CO2)</a> – is a natural byproduct of the decomposition of organic material.</p>
Food decay leads to production of greenhouse gases, methane and carbon dioxide. EPA<p>Methane is a potent greenhouse gas, 28 to <a href="https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2018/02/SYR_AR5_FINAL_full.pdf" target="_blank">36 times more effective than CO2 at trapping heat</a> in the atmosphere over a 100-year period, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.</p><p>"Many export-oriented producers produce volumes far too large for output to be absorbed in local markets, and thus <a href="https://unctad.org/en/pages/newsdetails.aspx?OriginalVersionID=2333" target="_blank">organic waste levels have mounted substantially</a>," says Robert Hamwey, Economic Affairs Officer at UN agency UNCTAD. "Because this waste is left to decay, levels of methane emissions, a greenhouse gas, from decaying produce are expected to rise sharply in the crisis and immediate post-crisis months."</p>
Food supply chains are easily disrupted. UN FAO<p>Dumping food was already a problem before the crisis. In America alone, <a href="https://www.refed.com/?sort=economic-value-per-ton" target="_blank">$218 billion is spent growing, processing, transporting</a> and disposing of food that is never eaten, estimates ReFED, a collection of business, non-profit and government leaders committed to reducing food waste. That's equivalent to around 1.3% of GDP.</p><p>Since the pandemic took hold, <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-52267943" target="_blank">farmers are dumping 14 million liters</a> of milk each day because of disrupted supply routes, estimates Dairy Farmers of America. A chicken processor was forced to <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/11/business/coronavirus-destroying-food.html" target="_blank">destroy 750,000 unhatched eggs a week</a>, according to the New York Times, which also cited an onion farmer letting most of his harvest decompose because he couldn't distribute or store them.</p>
Food Prices Collapsing<p>The excess has also seen prices collapse. The <a href="http://www.fao.org/worldfoodsituation/foodpricesindex/en/" target="_blank">FAO Food Price Index</a> (FFPI) averaged 162.5 points in May 2020, down 3.1 points from April and reaching the lowest monthly average since December 2018. The gauge has dropped for four consecutive months, and the latest decline reflects falling values of all the food commodities – dairy, meat, cereal, vegetable – except sugar, which rose for the first time in three months.</p><p>All this while the pandemic is exacerbating other global food trends.</p><p>"This year, some 49 million extra people may fall into extreme poverty due to the COVID-19 crisis," said António Guterres, Secretary-General of the UN. "The number of people who are acutely food or nutrition insecure will rapidly expand. <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fGhLKAbNDiY&feature=youtu.be" target="_blank">Even in countries with abundant food, we see risks of disruptions in the food supply chain</a>."</p>
- Food Waste Set to Increase by 33 Percent Within 10 Years - EcoWatch ›
- Reducing Food Waste Is Good for Economy and Climate, Report Says ›
- 23 Organizations Eliminating Food Waste During COVID-19 ... ›
EcoWatch Daily Newsletter
The COVID-19 pandemic has revealed both the strengths and limitations of globalization. The crisis has made people aware of how industrialized food production can be, and just how far food can travel to get to the local supermarket. There are many benefits to this system, including low prices for consumers and larger, even global, markets for producers. But there are also costs — to the environment, workers, small farmers and to a region or individual nation's food security.
- UN: Acute Food Shortages Worldwide May Double Due to COVID-19 ›
- The Climate Crisis Is 'a Perfect Storm' Headed for the World's Food ... ›
- Coronavirus Found on Frozen Food Imported to China. Should You Be Worried? - EcoWatch ›
By Dan Nosowitz
A hot-button issue in the UK focuses on something most Americans don't even know about: a particular method of disinfecting raw poultry.
By Tom Levitt
The future of food doesn't have to include animals. At least that's what Miyoko Schinner believes. "A lot of farmers see us as a threat," Schinner said of her Californian plant-based dairy company, Miyoko's Creamery.
- The Dairy Revolution: Vegan CEO of Miyoko's Kitchen Is Also ... ›
- Animal Rights Group Hopes to Turn Poultry Farmers into Plant ... ›
Now might be a good time to go vegetarian.
As meat-processing plants close across the country to stop the new coronavirus from spreading among employees, industry leaders and experts are warning of meat shortages in the nation's grocery stores.
- Meat Processing Plants Close as Working Conditions Encourage ... ›
- 'Dangerous Proposal': USDA Seeking to Replace Government ... ›
- The USDA Is Playing Fast and Loose With Meat Inspection Lines ... ›
- If Factory Farm Conditions Are Unhealthy for Animals, They're Bad ... ›
- Tyson Pork Plant Closes After More Than 20% of Workers Test Positive for COVID-19 - EcoWatch ›
A Tyson Foods pork plant in Storm Lake, Iowa announced it would close Thursday after more than 20 percent of its workforce tested positive for the new coronavirus.
- Meat Processing Plants Close as Working Conditions Encourage ... ›
- 'Dangerous Proposal': USDA Seeking to Replace Government ... ›
- Tyson Foods Warns of Meat Shortage Following Coronavirus ... ›
Frozen vegetables are always a good idea — but they're a real lifesaver when you have a new baby.
Do a Roast Veggie Tray<p>Surprise: You can totally roast frozen veggies — and they don't even need to be thawed first.</p><p>Spread the veggies evenly on a baking sheet, drizzle with olive oil and your favorite seasonings, and bake them in a hot oven until soft and caramelized.</p><p>"A high heat, like 425°F (220°C), will help evaporate any condensation while they cook," says <a href="https://www.amandafrederickson.com/" target="_blank">Amanda Frederickson</a>, author of Simple Beautiful Food and a mom of two.</p><p>Use the finished product in grain bowls or omelets, tossed into pasta dishes, or as a simple side for chicken or fish.</p>
Make a Kitchen-Sink Soup<p>Practically any mixture of veggies and protein becomes delicious and satisfying when simmered in a flavorful broth.</p><p>Try:</p><ul><li>shredded rotisserie chicken, frozen carrots and peas, and broken spaghetti in chicken broth</li><li>diced frozen butternut squash, chickpeas, and brown rice in veggie broth</li><li>premade mini meatballs and frozen spinach in beef broth</li></ul>
Toss Veggies Into a Quiche<p>Quiches are new parents' BFFs: They're easy to make (just mix, pour, and bake), packed with protein, and last for days in the fridge.</p><p>Best of all, they're delicious with just about any veggie, says <a href="http://www.franceslargemanroth.com/" target="_blank">Frances Largeman-Roth</a>, RDN, author of "Smoothies and Juices: Prevention Healing Kitchen" and mom of three.</p><p>Try folding in thawed frozen artichoke hearts or peas.</p>
Try Veggie Fried Rice<p>That leftover white rice from the Chinese takeout you've been living off of? You can turn it into a killer main dish.</p><p>Sauté a cup of mixed frozen veggies with sesame oil and a splash of soy sauce and add a few beaten eggs, then fold in the rice. Let it cook on medium-high in a flat layer to let the bottom of the rice get a little browned, then stir and repeat a few times until the entire mixture is heated through and you've got plenty of crispy bits.</p>
Power Up Quesadillas With Sweet Potatoes<p>Baking a whole sweet potato takes an hour, but you can sauté frozen, cubed sweet potatoes in a matter of minutes.</p><p>Cook up a package with Tex Mex-inspired seasonings like cumin and chili powder, then add them to quesadillas throughout the week, Largeman-Roth recommends.</p>
Make Veggie Smoothie Packs<p>You probably already use frozen fruit for your <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health/healthy-smoothie-recipes" target="_blank">smoothies</a>, so why not toss a handful of veg in there?</p><p>"Adding frozen spinach or cauliflower is a great way to add a ton of nutrients to smoothies," says Frederickson. (And since the flavor is pretty neutral, you won't taste them.)</p><p>Make individual smoothie packs by filling plastic zip baggies each with:</p><ul><li>1 diced banana</li><li>1/2 cup chopped frozen fruit (like berries or mango)</li><li>1/2 cup chopped frozen veggies</li><li>a generous spoonful of nut butter</li></ul><p>When you're ready to drink, just dump the ingredients into a blender with your milk of choice.</p>
Sauté a Batch of Garlicky Greens<p>Spinach, kale, or collards all work here. Add a generous glug of olive oil and plenty of chopped garlic, plus a pinch of red pepper flakes if you like some heat.</p><p>Use these greens as a side dish for <em>anything</em>, stuff them into omelets, or pile them onto a baked potato and top with shredded cheese.</p>
Make Taco Filling (That’s Good for More Than Just Tacos)<p>Those frozen Southwestern veggie blends with corn and bell pepper? They're awesome sautéed up with canned black beans, garlic, and some cumin or smoked paprika.</p><p>Make a big batch for stuffing into tortillas, stirring into scrambled eggs, or sprinkling on top of tortilla chips for healthy-ish nachos.</p>
Make Broccoli Pesto for Pasta<p>Just because you don't have fresh basil on hand doesn't mean you can't have pesto.</p><p>Toss a cup of frozen thawed broccoli in the food processor with garlic, Parmesan, pine nuts or walnuts, and olive oil, and pulse to make a thick, pesto-like sauce that's ready for pasta whenever you are.</p>
Add Frozen Spinach to Lasagna<p>Lasagna's the ultimate make-a-big-batch-and-freeze-for-later meal, and folding spinach into the cheese mixture is an easy way to get a serving of veggies.</p><p>To keep the lasagna from getting watery, sauté the spinach and squeeze out the excess liquid before adding it to the cheese, Frederickson recommends.</p>
Do a Choose-Your-Own-Adventure Veggie Curry<p>It's easier to make than you think — and you can adapt it to whatever you have on hand.</p><p>Sauté a package of mixed frozen vegetables until softened, then add red or green Thai curry paste (to taste) along with a can of coconut milk (add a splash of water or broth if the mixture seems thick).</p><p>Fold in any protein you'd like — cubed tofu, thawed frozen shrimp, or chicken breast cut into thin strips — and simmer until cooked.</p>
Two Words: Grilled Cheese<p>Because sometimes you're not into making a big batch and just need to eat ASAP. A handful of veggies turns a buttery cheese sandwich into something sorta virtuous while only tacking a few minutes onto your total prep time.</p><p>Try diced cauliflower or broccoli florets with cheddar, spinach with mozzarella, or artichokes with goat cheese. Or if all you have on hand is green beans and plain old American cheese slices, go with that. It's all good.</p><p><em>Reposted with permission from </em><a href="https://www.healthline.com/" target="_blank"><em>Healthline</em></a><em>. For detailed source information, please view the original article on </em><em><a href="https://www.healthline.com/health/12-delicious-ways-to-use-frozen-veggies-for-meal-prep" target="_blank">Healthline</a></em><em>.</em></p>
By George Citroner
With the growing popularity of meat-free eating, U.S. restaurant chain KFC has partnered with Beyond Meat to test a new plant-based "fried chicken" offering.
Increasingly popular, but is it better?<p>Meat alternatives are becoming an increasingly popular option in supermarkets and restaurants across the U.S. as people grow more concerned about health and the environmental impact of meat consumption.</p><p>According to KFC, the taste will be indistinguishable from real chicken.</p><p>"KFC Beyond Fried Chicken is so delicious, our customers will find it difficult to tell that it's plant-based," said Kevin Hochman, KFC U.S. president and chief concept officer, in a <a href="https://global.kfc.com/press-release/kfc-leads-as-first-national-us-qsr-to-test-plant-based-chicken-in-partnership-with-beyond-meat" target="_blank">statement</a>. "I think we've all heard 'it tastes like chicken' – well our customers are going to be amazed and say, 'it tastes like Kentucky Fried Chicken!'"</p><p>And on its website, California-based Beyond Meat claims its plant-based products are <a href="https://www.beyondmeat.com/products/" target="_blank">better</a> options that come without the <a href="https://www.beyondmeat.com/about/" target="_blank">health risks</a> associated with some kinds of meat.</p><p>But there is controversy regarding whether or not plant-based meat substitutes are healthier than meat sourced from animals.</p>
Not considered a complete protein<p>"While there are many positive benefits to choosing vegan/vegetarian protein choices, like no cholesterol, lower total fat, animal rights issues, and environmental impacts, it's important to note that plant-sourced proteins don't provide all the essential amino acids. Plant sourced proteins are not considered complete proteins in the world of nutrition," Leslie Young, MA, RDN, and professor of nutrition at <a href="https://www.purdueglobal.edu/degree-programs/health-sciences/nutrition-bachelors-degree-online/" target="_blank">Purdue University Global School of Health Sciences</a> in West Lafayette, Indiana, told Healthline.</p><p>Young pointed out for a balanced diet without meat, vegans or vegetarians need to find multiple types of protein sources to ensure they don't miss out on key nutrients.</p><p>"However, if the consumer seeks this out as their new, sole source of protein or if portions sizes aren't kept in check, then some nutritional risks may need to be assessed," Young said.</p>
Beyond Meat chicken is a processed food<p>A recent study <a href="https://www.bmj.com/content/365/bmj.l1949" target="_blank">published</a> in May in the British Medical Journal found a link between eating "ultra-processed" food and the risk of cardiovascular conditions. Researchers defined these foods as including baked goods, soft drinks, ready-made meals, and even dehydrated vegetable soups.</p><p>The findings suggested that for every 10 percent increase in the quantity of ultra-processed foods participants ate, their risk of cardiovascular disease rose by 12 percent, with similar increases in risk of heart and cerebrovascular disease.</p><p>Beyond Meat products contain a broad range of food additives, including preservatives and a coloring agent, placing them squarely in this category.</p>
Wheat gluten can be an issue<p>Gluten is a plant protein found in wheat and some other grains; it's made up of two molecules called glutenin and gliadin. With water, these substances form the elastic bond that gives bread and other processed foods a stretchy and spongy consistency.</p><p>About one percent of the U.S. population lives with <a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12016-018-8691-2" target="_blank">celiac disease</a> — an intestinal condition worsened by exposure to wheat gluten.</p><p>Another one percent of Americans experience non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) — a condition characterized by symptoms triggered by the introduction of gluten-containing foods.</p><p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29202198" target="_blank">Research</a> finds Gluten can adversely affect our gut bacteria (microbiome) and increase the risk of '<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6313445/" target="_blank">leaky gut</a>' (when bacteria and toxins leak through the intestinal wall).</p><p>It also boosts an imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants in the body called <a href="https://academic.oup.com/nutritionreviews/article-abstract/75/12/1046/4675264" target="_blank">oxidative stress</a> and trigger an <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25287235" target="_blank">immune response</a>.</p><p>Wheat gluten can cause <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/signs-you-are-gluten-intolerant" target="_blank">symptoms</a> in people sensitive to it that include:</p><ul><li>Abdominal bloating</li><li>Diarrhea, constipation or smelly bowel movements</li><li>Abdominal pain</li><li>Headache</li></ul><p>Gluten may also increase the risk of obesity.</p><p>A recent mouse <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/ijo2015204" target="_blank">study</a> found gluten-eating mice ended up with 20 percent greater body weight and 30 percent higher fat deposits in than the animals fed a gluten-free diet.</p><p>The <a href="http://www.celiac.org/" target="_blank">Celiac Disease Foundation</a> has a symptoms assessment <a href="https://celiac.org/about-celiac-disease/symptoms-assessment-tool/" target="_blank">tool</a> that can help you determine if symptoms you experience mean you have this condition.</p>
KFC’s plant-based chicken is fried<p>The association between fried food consumption and heart disease has been confirmed by numerous <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29447246" target="_blank">studies</a>. When asked if this impacted KFC's new Beyond Meat chicken offering, Julianne Penner, MS, RD, from the <a href="https://lluh.org/locations/loma-linda-university-international-heart-institute" target="_blank">Loma Linda University International Heart Institute</a> in Loma Linda, California was emphatic.</p><p>"I wouldn't consider it healthy, but it may be somewhat less harmful. I'm not sure what kind of oil KFC uses for frying or if it's the same oil that will be used for the Beyond Chicken, but I would assume that it's unhealthy oil," Penner said.</p><p>Young also added that breaded chicken means there's a significant carbohydrate component to the dish.</p><p>"Also, people with certain forms of diabetes need to be aware of the carbohydrate content of these meat alternative products. Most people associate fried meats as having little to no carbohydrates," Young added.</p><p>In addition to the carbohydrate, deep fried means lots of oil. KFC <a href="https://www.cropweek.com/presentations/2008/2008-jan09-canola-moore.pdf" target="_blank">switched</a> to canola oil for frying some years back in an effort to remove trans fats from their food. However, the latest evidence suggests that canola may not be the best for our health.</p>
The bottom line<p>KFC has partnered with Beyond Meat to test a new plant-based, fried chicken in one location in Atlanta, Georgia.</p><p>Of the listed ingredients in Beyond Meat chicken, there may be concerns for the health conscious. Wheat gluten in the faux chicken product and it still breaded an deep-fried, which is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease.</p>
- 'Eating Animals' Drives Home Where Our Food Really Comes From ... ›
- Here's Why Most Most of the Meat Americans Eat Is Banned in Other ... ›
By Danielle Nierenberg and Gabby Lozano
Throughout the United States and around the world, millions of people gather in June for Pride Month, a time to celebrate the LGBTQ+ community and honor their contributions to the world.
1. Chaseholm Farm, Pine Plains, New York<p>Located in New York's Hudson Valley, Chaseholm Farm is a third-generation operation run by siblings Rory and Sarah Chase. While Rory oversees the creamery and cheesemaking operations, Sarah manages the farm and livestock. With her wife, nutrition therapist Jordan Schmidt, Sarah achieved Organic certification for the farm and moved to holistic management practices, including 100 percent grass feeding.</p>
2. Cuir Kitchen Brigade, New York City<p>Launched after Hurricane María hit Puerto Rico in 2017, Cuir Kitchen Brigade is a collective that works in solidarity with people impacted by climate change, oppressed by governments, and marginalized due to sexuality and gender identity. Cuir Kitchen Brigade provides food relief on a mutual aid model, runs solidarity and ancestral learning trips to Latin America, and hosts workshops on canning and fermentation to help queer, transgender, Black people, Indigenous communities, and people of color be more resilient to climate disasters.</p>
3. Cultivating Change Foundation, San Francisco<p>Through relationship-building events, partnerships, and discussions, Cultivating Change Foundation seeks to create a global network of LGBTQ+ agriculturists and their allies. Using advocacy and education, the foundation provides resources and materials to help LGBTQ+ farmers feel empowered and elevated within their communities and professional fields. In June, the Foundation typically holds a three-day global agriculture conference in Des Moines, Iowa, to bring together LGBTQ+ agricultural workers, diversity professionals, and other experts working toward a more equitable food system.</p>
4. Diaspora Co., Oakland, California, and Mumbai, India<p>Owned and managed by self-identifying queer women of color, Diaspora Co. is an organic spice business working to decolonize commodity crops from India, while uplifting small farmers. Diaspora Co. reduces the spice supply chain to only involve itself, small farmers, and the consumer. Doing so allows small farmers to earn more money and maintain control over the crops they grow. The company also works with the Indian Council of Agricultural Research to identify additional ways they can support farmers working with Diaspora Co.</p>
5. Fierte Agricolé, Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec<p>Fierte Agricolé is a nonprofit organization that works to unite LGBTQ+ people in agriculture. Through focus groups, the organization provides a safe space for individuals to discuss their experiences as LGBTQ+ farmers. The organization also works with stakeholders and other professionals to raise awareness on sexuality, gender identity diversity, and challenges that LGBTQ+ people in agriculture may face.</p>
6. Finca Morada, North Miami, Florida<p>Finca Morada is a cooperative ½-acre permaculture farm in North Miami, Florida, that is organized around the concept of "wild culture." They define "wild culture" in opposition to consumer culture, and in favor of interdependence with nature and traditional, Indigenous land management. "At our heart-center is environmental, racial, LGBTQ, gender, social, & food justice, inspired by nature's magic, radical interdependence & wild diversity," they write. Finca Morada means "purple farm" in Spanish, and the farm uses purple as a way to honor the land's previous owner and as a symbol of diversity, the royalty of nature, and the fluidity of binaries between red and blue.</p>
7. GayFarmer, Germany<p>GayFarmer is a professional association made up of over 500 individuals from the LGBTQ+ community who work in professions such as agriculture. The association is helping individuals in green sectors establish professional connections with corporations and other workers. GayFarmer also organizes specialized groups for people of specific LGBTQ+ identities to provide additional support for members. GayFarmer's website also promotes members' products to help them gain visibility in the marketplace.</p>
8. Homestead Ranch, Oskaloosa, Kansas<p>Courtney Skeeba and her partner, Denise Whitesides, operate Homestead Ranch, a small family farm located in Oskaloosa, Kansas, that specializes in sustainable goat farming. The farm strives to reduce waste, nurture the land, and educate consumers on the source of their food. The farm sells goat milk-based shampoo, soap, and other body products online, at local farmers markets, and boutiques.</p>
9. Hudson Valley Seed Company, Accord, New York<p>In 2004, Ken Greene was working as a librarian when he started the country's first seed library, as a way to support local food systems. A few years later, his seed library became the Hudson Valley Seed Company, which he launched with his partner, Doug Mueller. They focus on heirloom, local, and organic seeds, and were one of the first companies to sign the Open Source Seed Initiative. Every year, the Hudson Valley Seed Company also commissions contemporary artists to design storytelling-oriented "art packs" for their seed varieties.</p>
10. Humble Hands Harvest, Decorah, Iowa<p>Humble Hands Harvest operates a small organic farm in Iowa using regenerative practices to grow organic vegetables. To support the LGBTQ+ farming community, the farm holds the <a href="https://humblehandsharvest.com/queer-farmer-convergence/" target="_blank">Queer Farmer Convergence</a>, an annual event uniting LGBTQ+ farmers to reduce the isolation felt by LGBTQ+ farmers and to combat racist and capitalist practices in agriculture. Additionally, the farm created the <a href="https://www.instagram.com/queerdirt/" target="_blank">Queer Farmer Network</a> to revolutionize the agriculture industry and rural community.</p>
11. Interlocking Roots, United States<p>Interlocking Roots is a network of self-identifying queer and transgender Black and Indigenous people of color (QT*BIPoC) who work as chefs, educators, farmers, and food justice advocates. The network organizes gatherings and uses digital platforms, like <a href="https://www.instagram.com/interlockingroots/" target="_blank">Instagram</a>, to create safe spaces for QT*BIPoC people to connect. Interlocking Roots is currently working on a podcast to share stories about QT*BIPoC folks who are using food and agriculture to decolonize the agri-food industry.</p>
12. Lesbian Natural Resources, Minneapolis, Minnesota<p>Established in 1991, Lesbian Natural Resources (LNR) assists lesbians interested in maintaining community land and preserving rural ecosystems. LNR offers a variety of programs to combat food insecurity and racism and help members of their community access land. They also connect members to grants to help them sustain their work.</p>
13. Mill Creek Farm, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania<p>Johanna Rosen and her partner, Jade Walker, run Mill Creek Farm. This educational farm and environmental center provides low-cost, chemical-free produce to local communities and people of color in need of assistance. Mill Creek Farm integrates sustainable practices, like crop rotation and companion planting. The farm also engages with the local community by hosting after-school gardening and cooking clubs, field trips, and internships and fellowships to help local youth.</p>
14. Moxie Ridge, Fort Edward, New York<p>Moxie Ridge is a farm and creamery in northeast New York State that specializes in pork, fully free-range chicken and eggs, and a selection of fresh and ripened goat cheeses from goats milked by hand. Moxie Ridge is run by Lee Hennessy, who came out as transgender last year and is committed to respecting land by using traditional management practices. On the farm, he accomplishes brush clearing with the help of the goats, pastures are "mowed" by grazing horses and sheep, and pigs act as tillers and root removers.</p>
15. The Okra Project, United States<p>The Okra Project is a collective addressing food insecurity within the Black transgender community. The collective delivers healthy and culturally appropriate meals prepared by Black transgender chefs to Black transgender people experiencing food insecurity. To lend support globally, the Okra Project developed the International Grocery Fund, which provides US$40 grants to Black transgender people around the world who are food insecure. The Okra Project also established the Byokra series, monthly wellness sessions for Black transgender people.</p>
16. Queer Farmer Collective, Denver, Colorado<p>Queer Farmer Collective is a community organization working to engage the LGBTQ+ community in agriculture, while removing barriers that prevent LBGTQ+ people from participating. Using organized events, the organization hopes to inspire its network to grow their own food and uses donations to provide financial support to various farmers. Queer Farmer Collective also shares resources and advice for their farmers on its <a href="https://www.facebook.com/queerfarmercollective/" target="_blank">Facebook page</a>.</p>
17. Rainbow Chard Collective, Canada<p>The Rainbow Chard Collective is an organization made up of farmers, food activists, and students working to create awareness for LGBTQ+ farmers and promote sustainable agriculture. The Rainbow Chard Collective holds events and workshops, conducts research on sustainable living, and mentors youth individuals by leading workshops at camps. The Collective also advocates for increased government support for small farmers.</p>
18. Rise and Root Farm, Chester, New York<p>Karen Washington, a Black farmer and community activist, wants to build a different agricultural narrative, inclusive of all races, genders, and sexualities. Her farm, Rise and Root Farm, is ¾-owned by people in the LGBTQ+ community. Washington created Rise and Root Farm to be a place of healing for diverse and marginalized communities — particularly important today, as black farmers work to call attention to not only their own contributions to the modern food system but also the impact of the slave trade on the development of global food chains.</p>
19. Rock and Steady Farm and Flowers, Millerton, New York<p>The self-identifying queer- and women-owned cooperative Rock Steady Farm & Flowers uses sustainable agricultural practices and community partnerships to advocate for marginalized communities in the food system. The farm provides food to food pantries, social justice nonprofits, and local businesses, like florists and restaurants. The organization also <a href="https://gaycenter.org/" target="_blank">partners</a> <a href="https://callen-lorde.org/" target="_blank">with</a> LGBTQ+ resource centers to increase healthy food access for and educate youth about agriculture.</p>
20. Sweet Digz Farm, Richmond, British Columbia<p>Kareno Hawbolt and her partner, Kimi Hendess, founded and operate Sweet Digz Farm in Richmond, Canada, where they strive to implement sustainable farming methods to grow vegetables and herbs. Sweet Digz partners with other local farms to expand their market and operates a community supported agriculture (CSA) program. Sweet Digz also manages the SHAREit Forward Fund, an initiative which provides fresh produce to local neighbors in need.</p>
21. TransGenerational Farm, New York City area<p>Founded and operated by Jayne Henson, a transgender woman, the TransGenerational Farm near New York City is using agriculture to connect the LGBTQ+ community and educate them on the agri-food industry. The farm employs regenerative practices, like reusable landscape fabric, and operates a CSA program. TransGenerational Farm is currently in the process of establishing a <a href="https://www.gofundme.com/f/queer-csa-scholarship?utm_source=customer&utm_medium=copy_link&utm_campaign=p_cf%20share-flow-1&fbclid=IwAR1jX92SLO0HGUMZlVETAHKYK-XBytGy7_I9q0fOkOJD5N4rK6AljTmzJR8" target="_blank">CSA scholarship program</a> for individuals who want to join the CSA program, but are financially unable to do so.</p>
22. Truelove Seeds, Philadelphia<p>Truelove Seeds is a Philadelphia-based seed company that partners with over 20 urban and small-scale rural farms to produce rare, open pollinated, and culturally important seeds. Several staff members and growers Truelove works with identify as members of the LGBTQ+ community. Truelove Seeds aims to support community food sovereignty, Indigenous cultures, and regenerative agriculture by including growers as integral decision-makers for seed-keeping.</p>
23. Urban Oasis Project, Miami<p>The Urban Oasis Project works to increase access to local, fresh food in South Florida. The organization runs farmers markets, provides free Food Justice Veggie Boxes to families in need, plants gardens, and more. President Art Friedrich, who identifies as a queer man, told Food Tank that LGBTQ+ identity is important to his work; at times 40 percent of the stalls at their main farmers market are run by LGBTQ+ vendors, many of whom are also people of color.</p>
24. Westside Urban Gardens, Los Angeles, CaliforniaNate Looney, a Black transgender farmer and veteran, is the founder and CEO of Westside Urban Gardens, an urban agricultural start-up farm located in Los Angeles, California. Westside Urban Gardens helps members of the LGBTQ+ community by hiring them and teaching viable skills for future employment. Through the use of hydroponic cultivation and aquaponics, the farm uses approximately 90 percent less water than soil-based outdoor farms.
The dangers of working shoulder-to-shoulder in a meat processing plant have come to the forefront as the novel coronavirus has exposed the fragility of the meat industry's supply chain. Factory farming is also resource intensive, leading to deforestation and fueling the climate crisis. It also accounts for 99 percent of the meat that Americans consume.
- If Factory Farm Conditions Are Unhealthy for Animals, They're Bad ... ›
- Cory Booker Proposes to Shut Down New Factory Farms - EcoWatch ›
- What Parents Need to Know About Factory Animal Farms - EcoWatch ›
- Latest Agriculture Emissions Data Show Rise of Factory Farms ... ›
1. Matcha Powder<p>This vibrant green tea powder is popular among health enthusiasts because it's rich in L-theanine, a non-protein amino acid with powerful stress-relieving properties.</p><p>Matcha is a better source of this amino acid than other types of green tea, as it's made from green tea leaves grown in shade. This process increases its content of certain compounds, including <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health/l-theanine" target="_blank">L-theanine</a>.</p><p>Both human and animal studies show that matcha may reduce stress if its L-theanine content is high enough and its caffeine is low.</p><p>For example, in a 15-day study, 36 people ate cookies containing 4.5 grams of <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/7-benefits-of-matcha-tea" target="_blank">matcha powder</a> each day. They experienced significantly reduced activity of the stress marker salivary alpha-amylase, compared with a placebo group.</p>
2. Swiss Chard<p>Swiss chard is a leafy green vegetable that's packed with stress-fighting nutrients.</p><p>Just 1 cup (175 grams) of cooked <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/swiss-chard" target="_blank">Swiss chard</a> contains 36% of the recommended intake for magnesium, which plays an important role in your body's stress response.</p><p><a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/magnesium-deficiency-symptoms" target="_blank">Low levels of this mineral</a> are associated with conditions like anxiety and panic attacks. Plus, chronic stress may deplete your body's magnesium stores, making this mineral especially important when you're stressed.<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6298677/" target="_blank"></a></p>
3. Sweet Potatoes<p>Eating whole, nutrient-rich carb sources like sweet potatoes may help <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/ways-to-lower-cortisol" target="_blank">lower levels of the stress hormone cortisol</a>.</p><p>Although cortisol levels are tightly regulated, chronic stress can lead to cortisol dysfunction, which may cause inflammation, pain, and other adverse effects.</p><p>An 8-week study in women with excess weight or obesity found that those who ate a diet rich in whole, nutrient-dense carbs had significantly lower levels of salivary cortisol than those who followed a standard American diet high in refined carbs.</p><p><a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/sweet-potato-benefits" target="_blank">Sweet potatoes</a> are a whole food that makes an excellent carb choice. They're packed with nutrients that are important for stress response, such as vitamin C and potassium.<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3560823/" target="_blank"></a></p>
4. Kimchi<p>Kimchi is a fermented vegetable dish that's typically made with napa cabbage and daikon, a type of radish. <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/8-fermented-foods" target="_blank">Fermented foods</a> like kimchi are packed with beneficial bacteria called probiotics and high in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.<span></span></p><p>Research reveals that fermented foods may help reduce stress and anxiety. For example, in a study in 710 young adults, those who ate fermented foods more frequently experienced fewer symptoms of social anxiety.</p><p>Many other studies show that probiotic supplements and probiotic-rich foods like <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/benefits-of-kimchi" target="_blank">kimchi</a> have beneficial effects on mental health. This is likely due to their interactions with your gut bacteria, which directly affect your mood.</p>
5. Artichokes<p>Artichokes are an incredibly concentrated source of fiber and especially rich in prebiotics, a type of fiber that feeds the friendly bacteria in your gut.<span></span></p><p>Animal studies indicate that <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/19-best-prebiotic-foods" target="_blank">prebiotics</a> like fructooligosaccharides (FOSs), which are concentrated in artichokes, may help reduce stress levels.</p><p>Plus, one review demonstrated that people who ate 5 or more grams of prebiotics per day experienced improved anxiety and depression symptoms, as well as that high quality, prebiotic-rich diets may reduce your risk of stress.</p><p><a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/artichoke-benefits" target="_blank">Artichokes</a> are also high in potassium, magnesium, and vitamins C and K, all of which are essential for a healthy stress response.<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3560823/" target="_blank"></a></p>
6. Organ Meats<p>rgan meats, which include the heart, liver, and kidneys of animals like cows and chickens, are an excellent source of <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/vitamin-b-complex" target="_blank">B vitamins</a>, especially B12, B6, riboflavin, and folate, which are essential for stress control.</p><p>For example, B vitamins are necessary for the production of neurotransmitters like dopamine and serotonin, which help regulate mood.</p><p>Supplementing with B vitamins or eating foods like <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/organ-meats" target="_blank">organ meats</a> may help reduce stress. A review of 18 studies in adults found that B vitamin supplements lowered stress levels and significantly benefited mood.</p><p>Just 1 slice (85 grams) of beef liver delivers over 50% of the Daily Value (DV) for vitamin B6 and folate, over 200% of the DV for riboflavin, and over 2,000% of the DV for vitamin B12.<a href="https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/782309/nutrients" target="_blank"></a></p>
7. Eggs<p>Eggs are often referred to as nature's multivitamin because of their impressive nutrient profile. <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/10-proven-health-benefits-of-eggs" target="_blank">Whole eggs</a> are packed with vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and antioxidants needed for a healthy stress response.</p><p>Whole eggs are particularly rich in choline, a nutrient found in large amounts in only a few foods. <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/what-is-choline" target="_blank">Choline</a> has been shown to play an important role in brain health and may protect against stress.</p><p>Animal studies note that choline supplements may aid stress response and boost mood.</p>
8. Shellfish<p>Shellfish, which include mussels, clams, and oysters, are high in amino acids like taurine, which has been studied for its potential mood-boosting properties.<span></span></p><p><a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/what-is-taurine" target="_blank">Taurine</a> and other amino acids are needed to produce neurotransmitters like dopamine, which are essential for regulating stress response. In fact, studies indicate that taurine may have antidepressant effects.</p><p><a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/shellfish" target="_blank">Shellfish</a> are also loaded with vitamin B12, zinc, copper, manganese, and selenium, all of which may help boost mood. A study in 2,089 Japanese adults associated low intakes of zinc, copper, and manganese with depression and anxiety symptoms.</p>
9. Acerola Cherry Powder<p>Acerola cherries are one of the most concentrated <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/vitamin-c-foods" target="_blank">sources of vitamin C</a>. They boast 50–100% more vitamin C than citrus fruits like oranges and lemons.<span></span></p><p>Vitamin C is involved in stress response. What's more, high vitamin C levels are linked to elevated mood and lower levels of depression and anger. Plus, eating foods rich in this vitamin may improve overall mood.</p><p>Although they can be enjoyed fresh, <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health/food-nutrition/acerola-cherry" target="_blank">acerola cherries</a> are highly perishable. As such, they're most often sold as a powder, which you can add to foods and beverages.</p>
10. Fatty Fish<p>Fatty fish like mackerel, herring, <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/11-benefits-of-salmon" target="_blank">salmon</a>, and sardines are incredibly rich in omega-3 fats and vitamin D, nutrients that have been shown to help reduce stress levels and improve mood.</p><p><a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/17-health-benefits-of-omega-3" target="_blank">Omega-3s</a> are not only essential for brain health and mood but may also help your body handle stress. In fact, low omega-3 intake is linked to increased anxiety and depression in Western populations.</p><p>Vitamin D also plays critical roles in mental health and stress regulation. Low levels are associated with an increased risk of anxiety and depression.</p>
11. Parsley<p>Parsley is a nutritious herb that's packed with antioxidants — compounds that neutralize unstable molecules called free radicals and protect against oxidative stress.</p><p>Oxidative stress is associated with many illnesses, including mental health disorders like depression and anxiety. Studies suggest that a diet rich in antioxidants may help prevent stress and anxiety.</p><p><a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/foods-high-in-antioxidants" target="_blank">Antioxidants</a> can also help reduce inflammation, which is often high in those with chronic stress.</p><p><a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/parsley-benefits" target="_blank">Parsley</a> is especially rich in carotenoids, flavonoids, and volatile oils, all of which have powerful antioxidant properties.</p>
12. Garlic<p><a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/11-proven-health-benefits-of-garlic" target="_blank">Garlic</a> is high in sulfur compounds that help increase levels of glutathione. This antioxidant is part of your body's first line of defense against stress.<span></span></p><p>What's more, animal studies suggest that garlic helps combat stress and <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/6-foods-that-reduce-anxiety" target="_blank">reduce symptoms of anxiety</a> and depression. Still, more human research is needed.</p>
13. Tahini<p><a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/tahini-benefits" target="_blank">Tahini</a> is a rich spread made from sesame seeds, which are an excellent source of the amino acid L-tryptophan.</p><p>L-tryptophan is a precursor of the mood-regulating neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin. Following a diet high in <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health/tryptophan" target="_blank">tryptophan</a> may help boost mood and ease symptoms of depression and anxiety.</p><p>In a 4-day study in 25 young adults, a high tryptophan diet led to better mood, decreased anxiety, and reduced depression symptoms, compared with a diet low in this amino acid.</p>
14. Sunflower Seeds<p>Sunflower seeds are a <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/foods-high-in-vitamin-e" target="_blank">rich source of vitamin E</a>. This fat-soluble vitamin acts as a powerful antioxidant and is essential for mental health.</p><p>A low intake of this nutrient is associated with altered mood and depression.</p><p><a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/sunflower-seeds" target="_blank">Sunflower seeds</a> are also high in other stress-reducing nutrients, including magnesium, manganese, selenium, zinc, B vitamins, and copper.</p>
15. Broccoli<p>Cruciferous vegetables like broccoli are renowned for their health benefits. A diet rich in cruciferous vegetables may lower your risk of certain cancers, heart disease, and mental health disorders like depression.<span></span></p><p>Cruciferous vegetables like <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/benefits-of-broccoli" target="_blank">broccoli</a> are some of the most concentrated food sources of some nutrients — including magnesium, vitamin C, and folate — that have been proven to combat depressive symptoms.</p><p>Broccoli is also rich in <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/sulforaphane" target="_blank">sulforaphane</a>, a sulfur compound that has neuroprotective properties and may offer calming and antidepressant effects.</p><p>Additionally, 1 cup (184 grams) of cooked broccoli packs over 20% of the DV for vitamin B6, a higher intake of which is tied to a lower risk of anxiety and depression in women.</p>
16. Chickpeas<p><a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/chickpeas-nutrition-benefits" target="_blank">Chickpeas</a> are packed with stress-fighting vitamins and minerals, including magnesium, potassium, B vitamins, zinc, selenium, manganese, and copper.</p><p>These delicious legumes are also rich in L-tryptophan, which your body needs to produce mood-regulating neurotransmitters.</p><p>Research has found that diets rich in plant proteins like chickpeas may help boost brain health and improve mental performance.</p><p>In a study in over 9,000 people, those who followed a <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/mediterranean-diet-meal-plan" target="_blank">Mediterranean diet</a> rich in plant foods like legumes experienced better mood and less stress than those who followed a typical Western diet rich in processed foods.</p>
17. Chamomile Tea<p>Chamomile is a medicinal herb that has been used since ancient times as a natural stress reducer. Its tea and extract have been shown to <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/9-foods-to-help-you-sleep" target="_blank">promote restful sleep</a> and reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression.<span></span></p><p>An 8-week study in 45 people with anxiety demonstrated that taking 1.5 grams of <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/5-benefits-of-chamomile-tea" target="_blank">chamomile</a> extract reduced salivary cortisol levels and improved anxiety symptoms.</p>
18. Blueberries<p>Blueberries are associated with a number of health benefits, including improved mood.<span></span></p><p>These berries are high in <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health/what-are-flavonoids-everything-you-need-to-know" target="_blank">flavonoid</a> antioxidants that have powerful anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. They may help reduce stress-related inflammation and protect against stress-related cellular damage.</p><p>What's more, studies have shown that eating flavonoid-rich foods like <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/10-proven-benefits-of-blueberries" target="_blank">blueberries</a> may safeguard against depression and boost your mood.</p>
The Bottom Line<p>Numerous foods contain nutrients that may help you <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/16-ways-relieve-stress-anxiety" target="_blank">reduce stress</a>.</p><p>Matcha powder, <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/11-health-benefits-of-fish" target="_blank">fatty fish</a>, kimchi, garlic, chamomile tea, and broccoli are just a few that may help.</p><p>Try incorporating some of these foods and beverages into your diet to naturally promote stress relief.</p>
By Cathy Cassata
While you plan to stock up on groceries during the pandemic, you may be wondering which items with a longer shelf life are the healthier choices to add to your cart, and which are the unhealthy ones to stay away from.
Healthier Choices<h4><u>1. Prunes</u></h4><p>With a shelf life of a year, <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/benefits-of-plums-prunes" target="_blank">prunes</a> make a great option for increasing your produce intake even when you can't get to the store.</p><p>"This no sugar added dried fruit not only provides a good source of fiber to promote digestive health, [but] prunes are also incredibly versatile. Enjoy them alone as a sweet treat, add into homemade trail mix, or purée and use as a substitute for added sugar in any baked good," said Palinski-Wade.</p><p>Eating 5 to 6 prunes per day can prevent bone loss, she added.</p><p>Canned and frozen fruits and veggies are also go-to shelf stable options, said <a href="https://foodinsight.org/author/alyssa-ardolino/" target="_blank">Alyssa Pike</a>, RD, manager of nutrition communications at the International Food Information Council Foundation.</p><p>"There are tons of options depending on your needs and preferences, and they can be cooked to add extra nutrients to a meal or easily thrown into a smoothie," Pike told Healthline.</p>
Less Healthy Choices<h4><u>1. Instant pancake mix</u></h4><p>While just-add-water pancake mixes are convenient and have a long shelf life, many are also a source of refined carbs without much nutritional value.</p><p>"Instead choose an option rich in protein and whole grains, such as <a href="https://shop.kodiakcakes.com/collections/flapjack-waffle-mix" target="_blank">Kodiak Cakes Power Cakes</a>," said Palinski-Wade.</p>
- 12 of the Best Non-Perishable Foods - EcoWatch ›
- 15 Healthy Staples You Should Always Have on Hand - EcoWatch ›
By Taylor Ford
Golden arches tainted with blood. A ribbon-cutting ceremony for the "Headquarters of Cruelty." Dozens of protesters. Horrified passersby.
- U.S. McDonald's Resists Calls for Plastic Straw Ban - EcoWatch ›
- McDonald's Shareholders Vote to Keep Distributing Plastic Straws ... ›
- Men Who Eat 'Western' Junk Food Diet Have Lower Sperm Counts ... ›