Processing of 'Diseased and Unsound Animals' Linked to USDA Inspector Shortage
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is under fire over its shortage of meat and poultry inspectors after the federal agency failed to properly inspect more than 4,000 tons of tainted beef that was shipped throughout the country in 2013, reports the New York Times.
Photo courtesy of Shutterstock
The massive recall, which originated at the Rancho Feeding Corporation in Petaluma, CA, was announced earlier this month after nearly 8.7 million pounds of beef was processed from "diseased and unsound animals," according to Mother Jones.
The meat was shipped to roughly 1,000 retailers in Alabama, California, Florida, Mississippi, New Mexico, Oregon and Washington.
The inspectors’ union official, Stan Painter, who is the president of the National Joint Council of Food Inspection Locals, said the lack of inspectors most likely played a role in the recall as workers were spread thin and did not have enough time to conduct a full federal inspection.
“In many places, managers and veterinarians are being asked to help with inspections,” said Painter to the New York Times.
The USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service FSIS) labeled the major oversight as a Class I recall, meaning the FSIS considered it "a health hazard situation where there is a reasonable probability that the use of the product will cause serious, adverse health consequences or death." However, according to the limited information released by the FSIS, there are no reports of people becoming ill after eating the sickly Rancho beef.
Food and Water Watch, a consumer advocacy group based in Washington, obtained data from USDA officials which showed, for example, an 11 percent vacancy rate in Raleigh, NC, causing the remaining inspectors to work double or even triple time to close the gap.
“This is causing the inspection system to be strained to the point of breaking,” said Wenonah Hauter, Food and Water Watch's executive director, in a Feb. 8 letter to USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack.
The environmental group links the lack of inspectors in certain areas to a pilot USDA poultry inspection program which allows plant employees to conduct inspections on the processing line versus using properly trained federal inspectors who are now only stationed at the end of the line to check the meat before it's shipped.
The program, which is slated to expand to other poultry and turkey plants, will likely eliminate about 800 inspector positions. Also, in what could be viewed as a counterproductive move, the USDA hired less costly temporary inspectors, causing many plant positions to remain open given the lack of full-time opportunities.
In an interview with Food Chemical News, Alfred Almanza, the administrator of the Food Safety and Inspection Service at the USDA, said the new poultry inspection program was not having a negative impact on the inspection staff.
“I started my career as a food inspector,” said Almanza ro the publication. “Does anybody really believe that I would do anything to harm the ability of our food inspectors to be able to do their jobs every day?”
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Association Versus Intervention Studies<p>Many studies on the vitamin are association or observational studies. "By definition, these studies cannot prove the causal relationship, but only point to mere correlations," said Fassnacht. The physician tries to illustrate this with an example:</p><p>"Imagine two groups of 80-year-olds. One group is spry, active and does sports. If you compare them with another group living in nursing homes, the difference in vitamin D levels will be dramatic. Life expectancy would also be extremely different."</p><p>But to try to explain the difference in fitness by vitamin D status alone is far too simplistic. "Vitamin D levels are a good measure of how sick someone is. But not more," says Fassnacht. </p><p>According to Fassnacht, none of the intervention studies carried out to date -- that specifically examined the effect of vitamin D on various diseases -- has been able to confirm the previous association and laboratory studies or the presumed positive effect of vitamin D.</p>
Further Research Is Needed<p>"If a coronavirus infection is suspected, it is therefore absolutely necessary to check the vitamin D status and quickly correct any possible deficit," said the recommendation of the paper published by the University of Hohenheim.</p><p>"Studies are underway to see whether vitamin D helps in COVID-19 infection, but I personally do not believe that this is really the case," says endocrinologist Fassnacht. Nevertheless, he says it is of course useful to carry out these studies.<br></p><p>"I don't want to rule out that there are actually subgroups of people who benefit from an additional vitamin D dose," he says. After all, this has been proven to be the case with a severe deficit.</p><p>In view of the study situation, Fassnacht does not think much of preventive, nationwide vitamin D substitutes. "My belief that the vitamin helps somewhere is very low. But, of course, I can be wrong."</p>
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