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President Obama Pledges $2 Billion+ for Drought-Stricken California and U.S. Climate Resilience Fund

By Brett Walton

Acting on climate change and the growing toll it’s taking on U.S. agriculture, President Obama today will announce a $1.2 billion aid package for farmers, ranchers and communities in California and several more agricultural states pummeled by a series of devastating droughts and snowstorms in the past year.

The President also will make public a climate-related item in his 2015 budget weeks before its March due date, a proposal to spend $1 billion more for a climate resilience fund. The money will facilitate research, data collection and the development of new technologies and infrastructure that will help the U.S. adapt to stronger storms, longer droughts and rising seas caused by climate change, according to a briefing by top administration officials.

Senior Obama Administration officials said the President will announce both measures during his stop this afternoon in Fresno, CA, a farming city of more than 500,000 residents and the epicenter of a three-year drought that is deepening in the nation’s largest state. The direct $1.2 billion federal drought aid will be available for California, and for states in the Great Plains and the Midwest, said the administration.

The aid package and the climate fund reflect the growing cost of natural disasters—$7 billion dollars in 2013 alone—and the important role the federal government has been playing to help residents in rural communities cope with increasingly erratic weather. Most of the money in the 2014 drought disaster package will be claimed by cattlemen whose livestock were killed, whose herds were reduced by bad weather.

“We’re going to send a message to California producers that we’re here to help as best we can,” said U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack during a conference call previewing the Presidential visit.

By choosing Fresno as the site of his announcement, President Obama is placing himself in the center of California’s poorest, most vulnerable region. Farmers in the Central Valley, the heart of the state’s $44 billion agriculture industry, will leave fallow in 2014 a patch of land half the size of Rhode Island during what scientists say is one of the worst droughts in California in the last 500 years.

Unemployment is rife in the valley—an area with nine of the 17 highest metropolitan unemployment rates in the nation—and without fields to tend, many more farmworkers are likely to be jobless. Ranchers, too, have been hit hard. Pastures have turned brown and herds have been culled.

The President will make available $1 billion in cash to livestock producers. The administration expects producers in California to claim $100 million. The rest will go to ranchers in the Dakotas who lost at least 43,000 cattle in an Oct. 2013 blizzard and to ranchers in the Great Plains, where a record-setting drought in 2012 caused the U.S. cattle herd to fall to its lowest level since 1952.

Circle of Blue created
a time-lapse map that shows weekly images of the U.S. Drought Monitor for California emphasizing how much worse this drought is than any in the past decade.

One of the conditions in the package is a quicker aid application process. The President wants to cut processing time from eight months to 60 days.

Other items in the package focus on water conservation, watershed protection, and food aid for hungry families:

  • $15 million in conservation grants made through the Environmental Quality Incentives Program, a program that targets water and soil conservation and access to water for livestock. Two-thirds of the money will be distributed to Colorado, Oklahoma, Nebraska, New Mexico and Texas. The balance will go to California, which is in addition to $20 million the President made available to the state earlier in February.
  • $5 million for the Emergency Watershed Protection (EWP) Program, to be used in California to stabilize stream banks and prevent erosion.
  • $60 million will be made available to food banks in the State of California to help families that may be economically impacted by the drought.
  • $3 million for rural communities at risk of running out of water. The California Department of Public Health has identified 17 such systems.

The federal aid package also directs a handful of U.S. agencies—Bureau of Reclamation, Environmental Protection Agency, Interior Department, U.S. Fish and Wildlife —to speed up approval for projects that would alleviate water quality or water quantity problems. It was not immediately clear which projects the order referred to.

During his brief time in the Central Valley, the president will participate in a roundtable discussion with community leaders in Firebaugh, CA, 45 minutes west of Fresno. Before returning to Air Force One, he will tour a farm in nearby Los Banos.

“The President will offer a message of hope, a message that the federal government will do all it can to help with this drought,” said Vilsack, who will accompany the president on the trip.

Visit EcoWatch’s WATER and CLIMATE CHANGE pages for more related news on this topic.

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"Based on the information we have, we do not believe there are any survivors on the island," the police said in their official statement. "Police is working urgently to confirm the exact number of those who have died, further to the five confirmed deceased already."

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At the time of the eruption on Monday, about 50 passengers from the Ovation of Seas were on the island, including more than 30 who were part of a Royal Caribbean cruise trip, according to CNN. Twenty-three people, including the five dead, were evacuated from the island.

The eruption occurred at 2:11 pm local time on Monday, as footage from a crater camera owned and operated by GeoNet, New Zealand's geological hazards agency, shows. The camera also shows dozens of people walking near the rim as white smoke billows just before the eruption, according to Reuters.

Police were unable to reach the island because searing white ash posed imminent danger to rescue workers, said John Tims, New Zealand's deputy police commissioner, as he stood next to Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern in a press conference, as The New York Times reported. Tims said rescue workers would assess the safety of approaching the island on Tuesday morning. "We know the urgency to go back to the island," he told reporters.

"The physical environment is unsafe for us to return to the island," Tims added, as CNN reported. "It's important that we consider the health and safety of rescuers, so we're taking advice from experts going forward."

Authorities have had no communication with anyone on the island. They are frantically working to identify how many people remain and who they are, according to CNN.

Geologists said the eruption is not unexpected and some questioned why the island is open to tourism.

"The volcano has been restless for a few weeks, resulting in the raising of the alert level, so that this eruption is not really a surprise," said Bill McGuire, emeritus professor of geophysical and climate hazards at University College London, as The Guardian reported.

"White Island has been a disaster waiting to happen for many years," said Raymond Cas, emeritus professor at Monash University's school of earth, atmosphere and environment, as The Guardian reported. "Having visited it twice, I have always felt that it was too dangerous to allow the daily tour groups that visit the uninhabited island volcano by boat and helicopter."

The prime minister arrived Monday night in Whakatane, the town closest to the eruption, where day boats visiting the island are docked. Whakatane has a large Maori population.

Ardern met with local council leaders on Monday. She is scheduled to meet with search and rescue teams and will speak to the media at 7 a.m. local time (1 p.m. EST), after drones survey the island, as CNN reported.