Rare Painted Bunting Draws Flocks of Birders to Maryland Park
The news that a rare, bright bird had touched down in a Maryland park drew more than 1,000 visitors over the weekend, as birders flocked to catch a glimpse of the unusual event.
The bird in question was a male painted bunting, a bird usually spotted in Florida and other parts of the U.S. South, The Washington Post pointed out. It isn't known exactly why this one ventured so far north, but a National Audubon Society study found that the painted bunting is one of the birds whose habitat is shifting because of the climate crisis.
"While it's not a good sign for climate change, a painted bunting – one of my favorite birds – being in our nearby park brings me joy!" University of Baltimore School of Law professor Margaret E. Johnson tweeted Monday.
Adult male painted buntings have a bright blue head, red underpants and a green back, while females are green, according to eBird.
"They look like a splash of tempera paints splashed all over a canvas," Carla Morris of Potomac, Maryland told The Washington Post.
Morris was one of more than 1,100 people who visited Maryland's Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park Saturday after a sighting of the bird in that park was initially announced on eBird the week before. Saturday was sunny, and the park saw around double its number of visitors for a nice winter day. At 3 p.m., more than 80 cars were still waiting to enter the park. On Sunday, which brought rain and cold temperatures, more than 100 people still visited the park, mostly to see the bird.
Saw this handsome fellow at Great Falls NP today! Passerina ciris - Painted Bunting https://t.co/vfEMng7BbA— MuSuBi (@MuSuBi)1609635195.0
Morris, who saw her first painted bunting in Florida, said the surprise sighting was especially important to her after she lost her father to COVID-19 in 2020.
"It's just magical," she told The Washington Post. "It's a magical way to start the new year."
While painted bunting sightings are rare in Maryland, they are not unheard of, especially in winter. The Maryland Biodiversity Project reports 47 total sightings of the bird, mostly at feeders during the colder months.
The painted bunting's numbers have declined in recent decades, according to the National Audubon Society. Threats include cowbirds, who parasite their nests. They are also frequently captured in the tropics for use as pets.
Their range is projected to expand north due to the climate crisis, but should not extend as far north as Maryland with even more than three degrees Celsius of warming. The main climate related threats facing the bird are spring heat waves at more than 1.5 degrees of warming and urbanization at more than three degrees, since they will need now developed areas as part of their new range.
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By Jeff Masters, Ph.D.
Earth had its second-warmest year on record in 2020, just 0.02 degrees Celsius (0.04°F) behind the record set in 2016, and 0.98 degrees Celsius (1.76°F) above the 20th-century average, NOAA reported January 14.
Figure 1. Departure of temperature from average for 2020, the second-warmest year the globe has seen since record-keeping began in 1880, according to NOAA. Record-high annual temperatures over land and ocean surfaces were measured across parts of Europe, Asia, southern North America, South America, and across parts of the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans. No land or ocean areas were record cold for the year. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Figure 2. Total ocean heat content (OHC) in the top 2000 meters from 1958-2020. Cheng et al., Upper Ocean Temperatures Hit Record High in 2020, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences
Figure 3. Departure of sea surface temperature from average in the benchmark Niño 3.4 region of the eastern tropical Pacific (5°N-5°S, 170°W-120°W). Sea surface temperature were approximately one degree Celsius below average over the past month, characteristic of moderate La Niña conditions. Tropical Tidbits
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