Ohio House of Representatives Votes against a Clean Lake Erie
The Ohio House of Representatives repeated history today and once again passed an unbalanced bill that repeatedly puts the interests of industrial mining companies and other large industrial interests ahead of the health of streams and their wildlife and the rights of recreational users to the inland lakes and streams that drain to Lake Erie in Ohio.
The House voted 59-38 along party lines today on a bill (House Bill 473) to implement the Great Lakes Compact, a binding agreement among the eight Great Lakes States to guide the sustainable management of water use in all of the Great Lakes and the tributaries and groundwater that flow into the Lakes.
Despite improvements over an even more imbalanced bill that Gov. John Kasich vetoed last summer, the House continued to give short shrift to the Compact’s requirement to protect not only the quantity and quality of Lake Erie lake water, but also the inland waterways when considering industry permit applications to withdraw and use water in the Lake Erie drainage basin.
“It’s Groundhog Day all over again at the Statehouse,” said Kristy Meyer, director of Agricultural and Clean Water Programs at the Ohio Environmental Council.
“The Ohio House has chosen to elevate mining and other industrial interests over the public interest, putting at risk the health and wildlife of our Great Lake. Mining companies, bottlers, and industrial feedlots are the big winners. The big losers are the millions of sportsmen and boaters and countless wildlife that depend on healthy tributaries. So much for Earth Day in Ohio.”
The vote follows months of negotiation and weeks of House committee hearings during which sportsmen, scientists, charter boat captains, boaters, travel and tourism business owners, and environmental-conservation groups warned that the bill:
- Will lock the courthouse door on the right of anglers, hunters, trappers, boaters and other recreational users to challenge how many millions of gallons of water an industrial mineral mining company or other industrial facility may withdraw from Lake Erie or inland waterway, by limiting appeal rights only to persons with a clear economic or property interest;
- May put spawning areas for walleye and steelhead trout at risk for degradation, by ignoring adverse impacts to inland streams and only considering such impacts to all of Lake Erie, and;
- May result in reduced stream flows and concentrated nutrients and pollutants from farm field runoff and city sewer overflows, fueling toxic algae in Lake Erie’s western basin by setting water use limits based on 90-day averages, not actual daily withdrawals.
The Kasich administration and the bill’s supporters did agree to several improvements over the previous bill that Kasich vetoed. The bill that passed the House today would allow power plants, manufacturers, golf courses, agriculture, water companies and other users to take up to 2.5 million gallons of water per day directly from the lake and 1 million from most groundwater, rivers, streams and other inland sources before having to get a state permit. Those thresholds are more in line with those set by other Great Lakes states.
For high-quality rivers and streams with watersheds draining over 100 square miles, users would not need to seek a permit unless they were withdrawing 100,000 gallons of water a day averaged over 90 days. For high-quality rivers and streams between 50 and 100 square miles, users could take up to 100,000 gallons a day, as averaged over 45 days, before seeking a permit. The threshold for smaller high-quality waterways would also be 100,000 gallons a day, but there would be no averaging. A withdrawal of 100,000 gallons in a single day would trigger the permitting requirement.
As reported by the Toledo Blade, roughly 153.9 million gallons of water flow into Lake Erie every day from the Detroit River, other tributaries, and rainfall, according to a 2009 report by the International Upper Great Lakes Study Board. That compares to 154.9 million gallons that flow out over Niagara Falls, is lost to evaporation, and is diverted to New York canals.
Despite these good improvements won by the Kasich administration, the bill remains tilted in business’ interest. The industrial minerals mining industry along with industrial feedlots and other industrial interests stalwartly support the bill. Meanwhile, sportsmen, charter boat captains, and environmental-conservation groups vigorously oppose it.
Former Ohio Govs. Bob Taft and George Voinovich wrote to lawmakers, urging them to address these concerns. Former Ohio DNR Director Sam Speck, who negotiated the Compact agreement amongst the Great Lakes states, testified Tuesday about the importance of striking a fair balance between industry’s access to water and maintaining sustainable water supplies in the Lake Erie drainage basin. He predicted that a court would strike down the limitation on the right of recreational users to appeal water use permits.
During Tuesday’s committee testimony, sportsmen groups vigorously opposed the bill’s repeal of recreational users’ common law right to appeal an industrial water use permit in Lake Eire and its tributaries. The bill narrows those rights to persons or businesses who have a direct economic or property interest in a water use permit.
The League of Ohio Sportsmen, the Greater Cleveland Boating Association and the Izaak Walton League of America urged the House committee to preserve, not eliminate, recreational users’ rights, as Ohio has for decades. Like its Committee, the full House rejected attempts by minority Democrats to protect the sportsmen’s rights.
Anthony Caruso, Rear Commander of the Greater Cleveland Boating Association, which represents more than 15,000 boat owners across the Ohio Lake Erie basin, told the Committee “We strongly resent that HB 473 narrows the definition of “Aggrieved Person” and by doing so eliminates our rights, and other recreational users’ rights, to access and enjoy Ohio’s waters.”
The bill also dismisses the numerous small and medium-sized businesses that rely on Lake Erie and the importance of Lake Erie’s $10 billion tourism economy.
The Lake Erie Charter Boat Association, representing more than 225 members, testified that a healthy Lake Erie and its tributaries are vital to the charter boat business. Without strong walleye, steelhead, and other prized sport fish populations, charter boat captains will have fewer fish for customers to catch and with toxic algal blooms customers won’t return to spend their day on a lake covered in green slime. A healthy Lake Erie is vital to the charter boat business and many other businesses along Lake Eire.
Opposition to the bill centers around four continuing concerns:
Rolling back current Ohio law that protects Lake Erie’s tributaries. A healthy Lake Erie is only as healthy as the tributaries that flow into it. By not protecting the tributaries, HB 473 violates Ohio’s binding agreement with the other Great Lakes states and risks worsening toxic algal blooms, deteriorating critical spawning and nursery habitat, and decreasing Lake Erie’s prized sport-fish population.
Averaging water withdrawals over a 90 day average. By measuring withdrawals on a 90 day average instead of a “per day” measure, facilities could withdraw 10 million gallons of water in a single day and still not be required to seek a permit. Fish and other wildlife do not live in an average amount of water. Fish cannot survive hours let alone days without sufficient water and oxygen.
Eliminating recreational users’ right to appeal a water withdrawal permit. In an unprecedented move, HB 473 outright abandon’s Ohio’s public trust responsibility to care for all Ohio’s waters and eliminates the right of anglers, boaters and other recreational users to appeal a water withdrawal or water use decision that negatively impacts their ability to enjoy Ohio’s natural resources.
Experimental permit loopholes that allow a facility to skirt the Compact. Under the bill, an industrial water user could apply for an experimental permit that, under the bill, enabling it to evade the Compact’s restriction on any “significant adverse impact” to Lake Erie basin waters. The bill also would enable industrial water users to apply for an experimental permit an unlimited number of times.
Opposition to the bill was led by Reps. Teresa Fedor (D-Toledo), Dennis Murray (D-Sandusky), Kathleen Clyde (D-Kent, and Sean O’Brian (D-Brookfield). The Democrats offered amendments that would address the concerns of witnesses. Majority Republicans summarily voted not to consider the amendments.
The only proponent witnesses to testify in support of HB 473 were the Ohio Chamber of Commerce and the Coalition for Sustainable Water Management, representing industry interests.
Opposing the bill were:
- The Ohio Environmental Council
- The Nature Conservancy—Ohio Chapter
- Lake Erie Charter Boat Association
- Greater Cleveland Boating Association
- League of Ohio Sportsmen
- Natural Resources Defense Council
- National Wildlife Federation
- Lake Erie Waterkeeper
- Black Swamp Conservancy
- Izaak Walton League of America–Ohio Division
- Lake Erie Improvement Association
- Grand River Sailing Club
Interested Party testimony summarizing concerns about the bill and about how a healthy lake ecosystem is vital to the tourism industry within the Lake Erie basin was offered by:
- Former Ohio DNR Director Sam Speck
- Larry Fletcher, Lake Erie Shores & Islands Visitors Bureau
- Dr. Jeffrey Reutter, Director, Ohio Sea Grant College Program, Stone Laboratory, Center for Lake Erie Area Research, and Great Lakes Aquatic Ecosystem Research Consortium, The Ohio State University
- Dr. Bob Heath, Emeritus Professor, Kent State University
- Dick Bartz, U.S. Geological Survey
- John Stark, Freshwater Director, The Nature Conservancy, Ohio Chapter
The bill now heads to the Ohio Senate, which is expected to pass the bill, with or without any amendments.
“Our last hope is the Ohio Senate. We hope that our Senators can accomplish what our Representatives did not: consider the interests of the many recreational and small business users of Lake Erie, not just the industrial interests,” said Meyer.
For more information, click here.
EcoWatch Daily Newsletter
By Joe Roman and Taylor Ricketts
The COVID-19 pandemic in the United States is the deepest and longest period of malaise in a dozen years. Our colleagues at the University of Vermont have concluded this by analyzing posts on Twitter. The Vermont Complex Systems Center studies 50 million tweets a day, scoring the "happiness" of people's words to monitor the national mood. That mood today is at its lowest point since 2008 when they started this project.
The Hedonometer measures happiness through analysis of key words on Twitter, which is now used by one in five Americans. This chart covers 18 months from early 2019 to July 2020, showing major dips in 2020. hedonometer.org<p>These same tweets also indicate a potential salve. Before pandemic lockdowns began, doctoral student <a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=0P0ZYbIAAAAJ&hl=en" target="_blank">Aaron Schwartz</a> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1002/pan3.10045" target="_blank">compared tweets before, during, and after visits to 150 parks, playgrounds and plazas</a> in San Francisco. He found that park visits corresponded with a spike in happiness, followed by an afterglow lasting up to four hours.</p><p>Tweets from parks contained fewer negative words such as "no," "not" and "can't," and fewer first-person pronouns like "I" and "me." It seems that nature makes people more positive and less self-obsessed.</p><p>Parks keep people happy in times of global crisis, economic shutdown and public anger. Research has also shown that transmission rates for COVID-19 are <a href="https://www.sfchronicle.com/news/article/Is-risk-of-coronavirus-transmission-lower-15287602.php" target="_blank">much lower outdoors than inside</a>. As scholars who study <a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=yFzb2EUAAAAJ&hl=en" target="_blank">conservation</a> and how nature <a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=CCnUeN8AAAAJ&hl=en" target="_blank">contributes to human well-being</a>, we see opening up parks and creating new ones as a straightforward remedy for Americans' current blues.</p>
Park Visits Are Up During the Pandemic<p>According to the Hedonometer, sentiments expressed online started trending lower in mid-March as the impacts of the pandemic became clear. As lockdowns continued, they registered the lowest sentiment scores on record. Then in late May, effects from George Floyd's death in police custody and the following protests and police response once again could be seen on Twitter. May 31, 2020 was the saddest day of the project.</p><p>Recent surveys of park visitors around the University of Vermont have shown people <a href="https://osf.io/preprints/socarxiv/sd3h6" target="_blank">using green spaces more</a> since COVID-19 lockdowns began. Many people reported that parks were highly important to their well-being during the pandemic.</p>
<div id="4c7e4" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="bc0ac146ab2a94228f32d973fc2ab272"><blockquote class="twitter-tweet twitter-custom-tweet" data-twitter-tweet-id="1289428912879964160" data-partner="rebelmouse"><div style="margin:1em 0">#Goldengatepark #sf #quarantinemood https://t.co/9l3ufnbkt6</div> — Suvd (@Suvd)<a href="https://twitter.com/Suvd19486406/statuses/1289428912879964160">1596258783.0</a></blockquote></div><p>The powerful effects of nature are strongest in large parks with more trees, but smaller neighborhood parks also provide a significant boost. Their impact on happiness is real, measurable and lasting.</p><p>Twitter records show that parks increase happiness to a level similar to the bounce at Christmas, which typically is the happiest day of the year. Schwartz has since expanded his <a href="https://arxiv.org/pdf/2006.10658.pdf" target="_blank">Twitter study</a> to the 25 largest cities in the U.S. and found this bounce everywhere.</p><p>Parks and public spaces won't cure COVID-19 or stop police brutality, but they are far more than playgrounds. There is growing evidence that parks contribute to mental and physical health in a range of communities.</p><p>In a 2015 study, for example, Stanford researchers sent people out for one of two walks: through a local park or on a busy street. Those who walked in nature showed <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.02.005" target="_blank">improved moods and better memory performance</a> compared to the urban group. And a team led by <a href="https://penniur.upenn.edu/people/eugenia-gina-south" target="_blank">Gina South</a> of the University of Pennsylvania showed in a 2018 study that greening and cleaning up blighted vacant lots in Philadelphia <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0298" target="_blank">reduced local residents' feelings of depression, worthlessness and poor mental health</a>.</p>
Creative Strategies<p>It isn't easy to create new parks on the scale of San Francisco's Golden Gate Park or the Washington Mall, but smaller projects can expand outdoor space. Options include greening vacant lots, closing streets and investing in existing parks to make them safer, greener and shadier and support wildlife.</p><p>These initiatives don't have to be capital-intensive. In the University of Pennsylvania study, for example, renovating a vacant lot by removing trash, planting grass and trees and installing a low fence cost only about US$1,600.</p><p>Urban green space is most needed in neighborhoods that have lacked funding for parks, especially given <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/08/nyregion/coronavirus-race-deaths.html" target="_blank">COVID-19's disproportionate impact on Black and Latinx people</a>.</p><p>Cities can also create parklike spaces by <a href="https://theconversation.com/with-fewer-cars-on-us-streets-now-is-the-time-to-reinvent-roadways-and-how-we-use-them-140408" target="_blank">closing streets to cars</a>. Many cities worldwide are currently retooling their transportation systems for the post-COVID-19 world in order to <a href="https://thecityfix.com/blog/bicycles-slower-speeds-livable-city-paris-mayor-anne-hidalgo-plans-ambitious-second-term-dario-hidalgo/" target="_blank">reallocate public space</a>, widen sidewalks and make more space for nature.</p><p>Urban designers, artists, ecologists and other citizens can play a direct role, too, creating pop-up parks and green spaces. Some advocates <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-09-15/a-brief-history-of-park-ing-day" target="_blank">transform parking spaces into mini-parks</a> with grass, potted trees and seating for just the time on the meter, to make a larger point about turning so much public space over to cars.</p><p>Or cities can invest a little more. Minneapolis, Cincinnati and Arlington, Virginia, have won <a href="https://www.tpl.org/parkscore" target="_blank">national recognition</a> for their ambitious investments in public park systems. These areas could serve as models for neighborhoods that lack access to parks.</p>
<div id="25fd0" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="383f0d2df0237e9359c30dcce6cd6c42"><blockquote class="twitter-tweet twitter-custom-tweet" data-twitter-tweet-id="1276558744835379201" data-partner="rebelmouse"><div style="margin:1em 0">Looking to safely get outside? Check out the best parks for social distancing in this year's top ten ParkScore citi… https://t.co/HJjEtDsrTD</div> — The Trust for Public Land (@The Trust for Public Land)<a href="https://twitter.com/tpl_org/statuses/1276558744835379201">1593190296.0</a></blockquote></div>
A New Park Deal?<p>The United States has historically driven economic recovery with major infrastructure investments, like the New Deal in the 1930s and the 2009 <a href="https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/american-recovery-and-reinvestment-act.asp" target="_blank">American Reinvestment and Recovery Act</a>. Such investments could easily include nature-positive spaces.</p><p>Parks are not panaceas, as evidenced by the widely publicized <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/06/nyregion/amy-cooper-false-report-charge.html" target="_blank">racist confrontation between a white woman and a Black birder</a> in New York's Central Park in early July. But Hedonometer data add to a <a href="https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/5/7/eaax0903?utm_source=miragenews&utm_medium=miragenews&utm_campaign=news" target="_blank">growing body of evidence</a> that they provide <a href="https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1807504116" target="_blank">clear mental health benefits</a>. Creating and expanding parks also <a href="https://www.nrpa.org/contentassets/f568e0ca499743a08148e3593c860fc5/economic-impact-study-summary.pdf" target="_blank">generates jobs and economic activity</a>, with much of the money spent locally.</p><p>We believe investments in nature are well worth it, offering both short-term solace in difficult times and long-term benefits to health, economies and communities.</p>
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New York State Attorney General Letitia James announced Thursday that she will attempt to dismantle the National Rifle Association (NRA), arguing that years of corruption and mismanagement warrant the dissolution of the activist organization, as CNN reported.
<div id="7eb49" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="83819841e380a7072ec66d3186c160e8"><blockquote class="twitter-tweet twitter-custom-tweet" data-twitter-tweet-id="1291705003984510977" data-partner="rebelmouse"><div style="margin:1em 0">🚨RESPONSE to #Mauritius #OILSpill 🚨 “Once again we see the risks in oil: aggravating the #ClimateCrisis, as well as… https://t.co/PBLioZat6X</div> — Greenpeace Africa (@Greenpeace Africa)<a href="https://twitter.com/Greenpeaceafric/statuses/1291705003984510977">1596801446.0</a></blockquote></div><p>"There is no guaranteed safe way to extract, transport and store fossil fuel products. This oil leak is not a twist of fate, but the choice of our twisted addiction to fossil fuels. We must react by accelerating our withdrawal from fossil fuels," Greenpeace Africa Senior Climate and Energy Campaign Manager Happy Khambule said in a <a href="https://www.greenpeace.org/africa/en/press/11864/greenpeace-africa-response-to-mauritius-oil-spill/?utm_campaign=oil&utm_source=t.co&utm_medium=post&utm_content=single-image&utm_term=mauritius-oil-spill-reactive" target="_blank">statement Friday</a>. "Once again we see the risks in oil: aggravating the <a href="https://www.ecowatch.com/tag/climate-crisis" target="_self">climate crisis</a>, as well as devastating oceans and <a href="https://www.ecowatch.com/tag/biodiversity" target="_self">biodiversity</a> and threatening local livelihoods around some of Africa's most precious lagoons."</p>
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By Gianna-Carina Grün
While the first countries are easing their lockdowns, others are reporting more and more new cases every day. Data for the global picture shows the pandemic is far from over. DW has the latest statistics.
What's the Current Global Trend?<p>The goal for all countries is to make it to the blue part of the chart and stay there. Countries and territories in this section reported zero new cases both this week (past seven days) and the week before.</p><p>Currently, that is the case for 14 out of 209 countries and territories. </p>
How Has the Covid-19 Trend Evolved Over the Past Weeks?<p>The situation has improved slightly: 87 countries report more cases this week than last week. </p>
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