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More than 200,000 Americans Demand FDA Address Antibiotic Misuse in Livestock
By Avinash Kar
Used with permission of NRDC—Switchboard
More than two hundred thousand Americans have written to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to demand a better solution for antibiotic misuse in livestock. They were responding to the toothless new guidelines—mere recommendations that the industry is free to ignore and full of loopholes at that—that FDA released as its preferred approach for addressing the rising public health threat of antibiotic resistance associated with the dangerous misuse of antibiotics in livestock.
Here are some key stats from what we know about the letters submitted so far:
- Almost 220,000 citizens
- Forty-four hospitals
- More than 350 doctors, nurses and healthcare professionals
- Six progressive businesses already working to provide their customers with livestock products raised without antibiotics (Applegate, Bon Appétit Management Company, Chipotle Mexican Grill, Niman Ranch Pork Company, Organic Valley and Stonyfield Farm)
- Two hundred and seventy chefs from across the U.S.
- At least 58 organizations, spanning medical, health, business, consumer, farming, environmental, veterinarian and food-focused groups
The letters call on the FDA to do better. They tell the FDA that mandatory requirements are necessary to stop the misuse of antibiotics on animals that are not sick and to eliminate the loopholes in the FDA’s proposed recommendations so that they might potentially serve as a useful addition to mandatory regulations. (Click here to see the letter Natural Resources Defense Council sent in addition to the coalition letter we signed.)
Here’s a reminder of why this issue is so important. Eighty percent of all antibiotics sold in the U.S. are used on livestock—the vast majority on animals that are not sick—to make them grow fatter faster and to compensate for unsanitary and crowded conditions. This overuse of antibiotics in livestock is a leading contributor to the rise of dangerous "superbugs"—bacteria that develop resistance to the commonly prescribed antibiotics we rely on when we get infections. More and more, doctors are struggling to treat these types of infections, and many become fatal. When antibiotics don’t work as well as they used to, illnesses can last longer, can lead to more hospitalizations, can require the use of stronger antibiotics with greater side effects and can even result in death when a bacteria that is causing the infection is resistant to all antibiotics that can be used to kill it.
Recent reports link antibiotic resistant bacteria found in chicken to painful urinary tract infections affecting 8 million women in the U.S. that are resistant to a cure (see this ABC News report). The national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that 99,000 people died of hospital-acquired infections in 2002, the most recent year for which data is available. According to the Infectious Diseases Society of America, the vast majority of those infections were caused by antibiotic-resistant "superbugs." The Institute of Medicine warns that "the specter of untreatable infections—a regression to the pre-antibiotic era—is looming just around the corner" if antibiotic resistance is not addressed. (For more about the issue of antibiotic use in livestock, see my past blogs by clicking here.)
The outpouring of feedback to the FDA from citizens and from groups focused on our health, food and environment shows that consumers are becoming more aware of this threat to their health and are ready for serious action to protect the public interest. It’s also a clarion call for the FDA to stop dragging its feet and to move decisively to curtail the unnecessary use of antibiotics in livestock.
The ball is in the FDA’s court. It needs to start prioritizing public health and stop protecting the profits of the industries that are putting our medicines and health at risk.
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Talk is cheap, says the acting executive secretary of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, who begged governments around the world to make sure that 2020 is not another year of conferences and empty promises, but instead is the year to take decisive action to stop the mass extinction of wildlife and the destruction of habitat-sustaining ecosystems, as The Guardian reported.