Montanans Stage Multi-Day Sit-in to Oppose Arch Coal Export Mine
Climate, health and social justice groups are calling for a summer mobilization to protect Montana from coal export mining.
Groups including the Blue Skies Campaign, 350.org and Occupy Missoula invite Montanans to join a multi-day sit-in beginning Aug. 13 at the State Capitol to pressure State Land Board members to reject Arch Coal’s Otter Creek export mine.
“We are not going to sacrifice our health, our land and water, our private property and our pride to become a coal colony for Asia,” said Lowell Chandler of the Blue Skies Campaign. “It is time to protect the last best place from the horrific effects of coal exports.”
With U.S. coal demand declining, companies like Arch Coal are looking to develop new mines in eastern Montana, with an eye toward exporting abroad. In 2010, the State Land Board granted Arch a lease to the Otter Creek coal tracts, but the board still needs to sign off on a mining plan before coal mining can start.
Currently, at least six coal port proposals are being considered in Washington and Oregon, which together would be capable of sending 150 million tons or more annually to Asian markets. In addition to the devastating local impacts of projects such as the proposed Arch Coal mine, new mines will only exacerbate existing coal exports, creating a trail of pollution through the U.S. and overseas. A recent analysis of Appalachian coal mine data shows that coal exports have exploded over the last few years, with some mines exporting 100 percent of their coal abroad.
“Over the last few years, countless Montanans have submitted comments, turned out to hearings and done whatever we could to get the land board to stand up to Big Coal,” said Chandler. “Now it’s time to take the next step.”
The sit-in, called the Coal Export Action, is supported by the Blue Skies Campaign, Rising Tide, Montana Women For, 350.org and other groups, and was initially supposed to take place around the time Arch was expected to submit its mining application on Aug. 20.
The land board must have got wind of the mass peaceful protests, because on July 30, with only four days’ advance notice, the board announced its August meeting was being rescheduled from Aug. 20 to Aug. 3. It looks an awful lot like the board moved its meeting to avoid holding it during the Coal Export Action, when they know their actions related to coal mining will be subject to heightened public scrutiny.
This isn’t in keeping with good governance. Montana’s state code requires “adequate notice” be given to “assist public participation before a final agency action is taken that is of significant interest to the public.” The land board hasn’t violated the letter of the law—the code doesn’t specify what “adequate notice” means—but rescheduling a meeting date posted months in advance, with only four days’ notice, is hardly in keeping with a spirit of encouraging public input.
The Coal Export Action is now more important than ever. When a public process is rigged against the public, we must turn to massive, peaceful protest to get the attention of decision-makers. Fortunately, it’s just this type of large-scale direct action that’s planned for the Coal Export Action later this month.
In the past, land board members ignored hundreds of Montanans who submitted comments turned out to hearings and signed petitions opposing the Otter Creek Mine. Now they appear to be trying to minimize the opportunity for public input. But starting Aug. 13, our sit-in at the Capitol rotunda, between the offices of land board members Gov. Brian Schweitzer and Secretary of State Linda McCulloch, will make our demand for a clean energy future free of coal impossible to ignore any longer.
Since the land board moved its meeting date to Aug. 3, the Aug. 20 meeting—which would have fallen right at the end of the Coal Export Action—will no longer take place. That won’t stop Arch Coal from moving forward with plans to submit its mining application, which it’s expected to do late this summer. Once submitted, Arch’s application will be reviewed by the Department of Environmental Quality, and then needs a stamp of approval from the land board. The board, currently composed of Gov. Brian Schweitzer, Secretary of State Linda McCulloch, Attorney General Steve Bullock, State Auditor Monica Lindeen and Superintendent of Instruction Denise Juneau, is expected to make its decision later this year, or in early 2013.
This isn’t just about coal anymore: it’s about holding government bodies accountable when they fail to practice good government. You can help us succeed.
If the mine is approved, coal train traffic through rail line towns will increase severalfold. This has many residents worried.
“Pollutants from coal trains will cause emergency room visits to go up,” said Dr. Amy Haynes, a naturopathic physician who has practiced in Missoula for the last 28years. “Everybody who breaths will basically be at risk.”
“Think of all the children who live along the rail line,” said Becca Titus, a member of Occupy Missoula. “The health of all of them will be affected by this proposal.”
Corey Bressler, from the grassroots climate group 350.org, said increased coal mining and burning will also make climate change worse. “A warming, drying climate has already lengthened the western fire season by 78 days,” Bressler said. “Dryer, hotter summers will seriously damage Montana’s recreational, tourism and agricultural industries.”
Groups involved in the Coal Export Action hope hundreds of Montanans will participate in the peaceful sit-in, and that it will be among the largest actions of its kind in recent Montana history. Those interested can sign up and learn more by clicking here.
By Victoria Masterson
Using one of the world's problems to solve another is the philosophy behind a Norwegian start-up's mission to develop affordable housing from 100% recycled plastic.
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Artist's impression of an Othalo community, imagined by architect Julien De Smedt. Othalo<p>Othalo's process involves shredding plastic waste and mixing it with other elements, including non-flammable materials. Components are used to build up to four floors, with a home of 60 square metres using eight tons of recycled plastic. A factory with one production line can produce 2,800 housing units annually.</p><p>Following successful laboratory tests, Othalo's factory in Estonia has started producing components to build three demonstration homes for Kenya's capital, Nairobi; Yaoundé, the capital of Cameroon and Dakar, the capital of Senegal.</p><p>Othalo founder Frank Cato Lahti has been developing and testing the technology since 2016 in partnership with <a href="https://www.sintef.no/en/" target="_blank">SINTEF</a>, a 70-year-old independent research organization in Trondheim, Norway, and experts at Norway's <a href="https://en.uit.no/startsida" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">University of Tromsø</a>.</p>
Othalo founder Frank Cato Lahti. Othalo<p>Almost <a href="https://www.un.org/development/desa/publications/2018-revision-of-world-urbanization-prospects.html" target="_blank">seven out of every 10 people in the world are expected to live in urban areas by 2050</a>. More than 90% of this growth will take place in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean.</p><p>"In the absence of effective urban planning, the consequences of this rapid urbanization will be dramatic," UN-Habitat warns.</p><p>Lack of proper housing and growth of slums, inadequate and outdated infrastructure, escalating poverty and unemployment, and pollution and health issues, are just some of the effects.</p><p>Mindsets, policies, and approaches towards urbanization need to change for the growth of cities and urban areas to be turned into opportunities that will leave nobody behind, UN-Habitat says.</p>
Pioneers of Change<p>Reimagining cities and communities for greater resilience and sustainability was a key topic at the<a href="https://www.weforum.org/events/pioneers-of-change-summit-2020" target="_blank"> World Economic Forum's Pioneers of Change Summit 2020</a>.</p><p>The digital event brought together innovators and stakeholders from around the world to explore solutions to the challenges facing enterprises, governments and society.</p><p>Opening the summit, <a href="https://www.weforum.org/events/pioneers-of-change-summit-2020/sessions/opening-plenary-8f731cbc65" target="_blank">Stephan Mergenthaler, the Forum's Head of Strategic Intelligence and a member of the Executive Committee</a>, said: "We need to change the way we produce, the way we live and interact in our cities to make this transition to net-zero emissions a reality…</p><p>"And as this year has illustrated so dramatically, we need to make every effort that we keep populations healthy, if we want to avoid jeopardizing all this progress."</p><p><em>Reposted with permission from </em><em><a href="https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/11/un-africa-recycled-plastic-housing/" target="_blank">World Economic Forum</a>.</em><a href="https://www.ecowatch.com/r/entryeditor/2649069252#/" target="_self"></a></p>
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