Trump's Top Energy Aid: Former Koch Lobbyist, Peddled Climate Denial for Decades
But he extends his argument further, also stating that "only about 2 percent-3 percent of greenhouse gases actually come from anthropogenic or man-made, sources, such as smokestacks or power plants." Yet a 2011 study says that at least 74 percent of global warming can be linked directly to human activity.
"It is thus extremely likely (>95 percent probability) that the greenhouse gas induced warming since the mid-twentieth century was larger than the observed rise in global average temperatures and extremely likely that anthropogenic forcings were by far the dominant cause of warming," explains that 2011 study published in the journal Nature Geoscience. "The natural forcing contribution since 1950 is near zero."
Anti-Kyoto Climate Deal
As a candidate, Trump pledged to "cancel" the United Nations Paris climate deal and "stop all payments of U.S. tax dollars to U.N. global warming programs." Based on his top energy aide's early writings at Human Events, it appears President Trump has hired a comrade-in-arms for the cause.
"The Clinton administration has launched an all-out propaganda campaign to facilitate passage of a United Nations-sponsored global-warming treaty that, if ratified, could wreck havoc on middle-class American families while allowing major polluters such as Communist China and India to escape the treaty's restrictions on so-called 'greenhouse' gas emissions," Catanzaro wrote in 1997 his article, Clinton Launches Propaganda Campaign for Global-Warming Treaty.
"Worse, there is no scientific consensus that global warming is indeed taking place—the reason Clinton has mounted a massive propaganda campaign," he opined.
In that same article, Catanzaro also referred to climate change as a "religious belief," while quoting prominent climate deniers such as Fred Singer to make his case. Catanzaro also wrote a profile piece on Singer in November 1997, in which he juxtaposed Singer with other scientists whom he said were guilty of "using pseudo-scientific postulates to scare the public into accepting the disastrous international global-climate treaty that will be debated in Kyoto, Japan, next month."
"Contrary to what [global-warming proponents] say, there is no global warming," Singer told Catanzaro for that article. "And contrary to what [those proponents] say, there is no scientific consensus either."
"No Connection" vs. 97 Percent
Though he'd eventually leave the writing world to work for the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, which was then chaired by infamous climate denier Sen. James Inhofe (R-OK), Catanzaro continued to write on the side for Human Events until landing a policy job in the Bush White House's Council on Environmental Quality. During that time, he wrote articles such as Glaciers, 'Global Warming,' and NY Times Hysteria, Be Afraid!!! Global Warming and Malaria, More Leftist Enviro Scare Tactics and No Global Warming Consensus.
Catanzaro has also written that "there is no connection between global warming and extreme weather," as well as "when it comes to the science of global warming, the alarmists, of course, think all the complexities and uncertainties have been settled." Meanwhile, 97 percent of peer-reviewed scientific studies on climate change have concluded that climate change is caused by humans.
Consensus on Consensus: 97% of the World's Scientists Say Humans Are Causing #ClimateChange https://t.co/4GybR0l6eR via @ecowatch— DeSmogBlog (@DeSmogBlog)1460738734.0
Catanzaro's publishing history has surfaced at the same time sea ice levels have hit record lows at both poles. Scientists peg this trend to human-caused climate change, which has contributed to weather patterns such as the "Polar Vortex."
"Greenhouse gases emitted through human activities and the resulting increase in global mean temperatures are the most likely underlying cause of the sea ice decline," wrote the National Snow and Ice Data Center, which is based at the University of Colorado and funded by NASA, the National Science Foundation, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
When Alex Formuzis, vice president of communications for the Environmental Working Group, viewed some of Catanzaro's past writings, he pointed to Catanzaro as part of a broader trend among Trump's energy, environment and climate team.
"Tapping Mr. Catanzaro as a White House energy advisor fits with President Trump's agenda of promoting the interests of fossil fuel industry over the environment and public health," Formuzis told DeSmog. "Catanzaro has a long history as a lobbyist for many of the same companies that had significant influence over EPA [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency] administrator Scott Pruitt when he was attorney general of Oklahoma."
England's Somerset county can now boast its first beaver dam in more than 400 years.
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By Alex McInturff, Christine Wilkinson and Wenjing Xu
What is the most common form of human infrastructure in the world? It may well be the fence. Recent estimates suggest that the total length of all fencing around the globe is 10 times greater than the total length of roads. If our planet's fences were stretched end to end, they would likely bridge the distance from Earth to the Sun multiple times.
Early advertisement for barbed wire fencing, 1880-1889. The advent of barbed wire dramatically changed ranching and land use in the American West by ending the open range system. Kansas Historical Society / CC BY-ND
The authors assembled a conservative data set of potential fence lines across the U.S. West. They calculated the nearest distance to any given fence to be less than 31 miles (50 kilometers), with a mean of about 2 miles (3.1 kilometers). McInturff et al,. 2020 / CC BY-ND
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