The clothing you wear has a larger price tag than what you see when it's hanging on the rack—it comes with costs to the environment, too. Unsustainable dyeing and processing practices in the fashion industry have had a major impact on water pollution. So, as part of the Detox Catwalk campaign, Greenpeace spent three years cataloging which major fashion brands deliver on their green promises and which are doing the bare minimum.
The main types of chemicals Greenpeace is calling for clothing companies to stop using are alkylphenol etheoxylates (APEOs), phthalates and PFCs. Many companies have set "acceptable limits" on APEOs, but because these harmful chemicals accumulate in nature, limits don't fix the problem. Phthalates, used particularly in plastic printed images like those on printed T-shirts, have been linked to all sorts of health problems like asthma and lowered IQ. PFCs are used in stain-resistant clothing and have been tied to thyroid damage.
As a result of its analyses, Greenpeace assigned brands one of three rankings: Detox Leaders, Greenwashers and Detox Losers.
Detox Leaders have made going green a priority, have credible timelines for dropping toxic chemicals, and have implemented real change.
• United Colors of Benetton
• G-Star Raw
• Inditex (includes Zara)
• Levi Strauss & Co.
• Limited Brands
• Marks & Spencer
• Uniqlo (Fast Retailing)
Greenwashers talk the talk, but haven't gone much further than that.
• Nike, Inc
Detox Losers refuse to take responsibility for their toxic practices and have made no commitment to change.
• Georgio Armani
• Only The Brave (including brands Diesel and Viktor & Rolf)
• Dolce & Gabbana
• Gap Inc.
• LVMH Group/Christian Dior Couture (including brands Louis Vuitton, Marc Jacobs, and Dior)
• PvH (including brands Calvin Klein and Tommy Hilfiger)
Greenpeace has just been looking at major players to make the largest impact, but there are plenty of smaller companies that have already established that their clothing is sustainable by going organic. Essentially, the GOTS certification is to clothing what the USDA Organic certification is to food. For instance, it ensures that cotton is grown organically and dyed using sustainable practices.
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Earth had its second-warmest year on record in 2020, just 0.02 degrees Celsius (0.04°F) behind the record set in 2016, and 0.98 degrees Celsius (1.76°F) above the 20th-century average, NOAA reported January 14.
Figure 1. Departure of temperature from average for 2020, the second-warmest year the globe has seen since record-keeping began in 1880, according to NOAA. Record-high annual temperatures over land and ocean surfaces were measured across parts of Europe, Asia, southern North America, South America, and across parts of the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans. No land or ocean areas were record cold for the year. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Figure 2. Total ocean heat content (OHC) in the top 2000 meters from 1958-2020. Cheng et al., Upper Ocean Temperatures Hit Record High in 2020, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences
Figure 3. Departure of sea surface temperature from average in the benchmark Niño 3.4 region of the eastern tropical Pacific (5°N-5°S, 170°W-120°W). Sea surface temperature were approximately one degree Celsius below average over the past month, characteristic of moderate La Niña conditions. Tropical Tidbits
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