Global Warming in Pictures: ‘The Cartoon Introduction to Climate Change’
I just read The Cartoon Introduction to Climate Change, which I’m about to highly recommend to you and anyone you have ever known. I’ll even tease you with pretty previews of the book’s pages, below. But first, let me start with an admission: Environmentalists have a reputation for lacking in the humor department.
This stereotype is unfortunate. My colleagues here at Greenpeace and most of my own crunchy friends are genuinely witty people with good senses of humor. Good enough to make me laugh soy-milk out of my nose once I’m alerted to the kale that was stuck in my teeth all day. And websites like Grist have done a great job bringing some LOL’s to the WTF’s inherent in environmental reporting.
But our subject matter can be overwhelming in scope: global climate disruption, deforestation, human rights violations abound, freshwater depletion, ocean acidification... sorry, I just stopped listening to myself to avoid the temptation to hide in bed forever.
Much like environmentalists, today’s economists don’t typically earn a popular reputation for being especially funny. But Dr. Yoram Bauman, the “Stand Up Economist,” has a flair for humor in face of serious problems that he’s solving with well-established economic tools and analyses. Through the quirky cartoon illustrations of Grady Klein, Dr. Bauman has cranked out a series of light-hearted guides to microeconomics, macroeconomics and now… The Cartoon Introduction to Climate Change.
This graphic book takes readers on a eyeball-friendly journey through our Earth’s history, the tumultuous evolution of its climate system, explanations of key science supporting our understanding of climate change, and specific economic solutions that Dr. Bauman say we’ll need to employ to insure ourselves from potentially catastrophic global warming. You’ll also learn why our climate is like a compost pile, the types of one-liner jokes told by single-cell organisms and why human’s aren’t so great at cleaning up dog poop in public spaces (hint: Garrett Hardin).
Not only is it entertaining, it’s packed full of facts, presented as cartoons and peppered with a few transparently-unrealistic zingers. You can read it in an afternoon, and so could your kid, or your grandparent. And thanks to the illustrations and simple analogies, I’d bet they will retain more of the information.
Here’s a rundown of why I liked the book, with a few minor critiques at the end.
Real Climate Science, Trans-disciplinary Presentation:
Core to this book’s utility is its accurate portrayal of science. Dr. Bauman’s work cites the most contemporary data from scientific authorities like the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the National Climate Data Center. When graphs and exact scientific models are used, Bauman and Klein attribute the work right there on the page, so you can check the source yourself. This is the coolest climate context since SkepticalScience.com. #GeekingRightNow.
Grady Klein’s simple illustrations help cut through wonky concepts from a wide rage of scientific and professional fields–chemistry, biology, geology, atmospheric physics, evolution and hydrology, to name a few illustrated in this book. By gradually unraveling some of these core concepts and then synthesizing them, the reader gets a fast-tracked breakdown of decades of scientific breakthroughs and predictions for our future climate.
Solutions = Reducing Emissions = Reducing Fossil Fuel Use
There’s no getting around this, after Bauman presents the science of anthropogenic climate change as understood by today’s experts. Evidence of humanity’s use of dirty fossil fuels is the proven link to the unnatural variability we’re now seeing in our climate. Bauman doesn’t beat around the bush: if we want to avoid runaway climate change, we’ll need incentives to phase out the coal, oil and gas that cause global warming, perhaps by first ending the billions of dollars in annual subsidies taxpayers surrender to these dirty, outdated industries.
Environmental Justice, Economic Justice, Wealth Disparity
Bauman doesn’t turn a blind eye to the vast differences of economic privilege between developed and developing countries. He explicitly states that poorer countries are less responsible for the global warming we have already experienced, and says it’s understandable that developing countries have an expectation of reaching the level of comfort that today’s most privileged countries have. This is crucial for countries like the U.S. to honor, as we [don't] cooperate with other countries on global climate agreements–the only chance we have at addressing a global problem. Bauman reminds us that we’ve done this before, such as the Montreal Protocol’s success in addressing the Ozone hole crisis.
Personal Responsibility is Contextualized
Bauman doesn’t let the individual off the hook. He recognizes that solutions need to be implemented by people as individuals (recycling, eating less meat, driving and flying less), but doesn’t pretend that taming some simple consumer habits will save our climate. Broader solutions are needed to internalized the external costs of climate change. Polluters can’t continue to pollute for free, and fossil fuel prices need to reflect the full costs that they current impose on society in terms of affecting our health, air, water and climate. This means that clean energy and energy efficiency would be cheaper than fossil fuels if we simply accounted for some of today’s most obvious market failures.
Deforestation, Overfishing & Ocean Acidification, Coal Pollution, Clean Energy…
Greenpeace isn’t citied or alluded to in this book in any way, but Dr. Bauman sure talks about a lot of our priority campaigns, like our work to stop deforestation in the Amazon and Indonesia, our work to end overfishing, to phase out coal plants in implement clean energy solutions… even Bauman’s one mention of nuclear power as “clean” is strictly from “a climate perspective,” avoiding the nuclear lobby’s characterization dangerous and expensive nukes as some magical panacea to climate change. Since Greenpeace’s globally-integrated work on climate, forests, oceans, pollution and human well-being is best when implemented holistically, it’s nice to see Dr. Bauman connect these dots.
Bauman and Klein’s book was made possible through the support of 309 donors on Kickstarter–the free market of thought has spoken!
Admittedly I’m exceedingly pleased with this book and I have few critical comments, but here they are.
First, as someone who is wary of the public relations war waged against climate scientists by fossil fuel companies and their hydra-like shills, the first few pages of the book made me uncomfortable. Bauman tries to play umpire with climate change deniers by saying things like “Maybe it’s an existential threat… maybe it’s only a minor threat.”
However, I’m only concerned as far as this can be spun by the industry-funded contrarians who will never, ever recognize the reality of climate change science as long as they’re paid not to. Bauman’s commentary is honest and devoid of PR’s Jedi mind tricks. For everyday people who aren’t aware of the state of climate science today, thanks to certain popular radio and TV personalities, Bauman’s approach could indeed help break through ideological predispositions and tour people through the facts.
Second, the book isn’t too clear on the role of nuclear power and carbon-capture and storage in terms of climate change mitigation. Greenpeace’s fresh Energy [R]evolution report maps a path to a clean energy future that doesn’t involve either of these expensive shams. While Bauman doesn’t necessarily advocate for either technology, the topics are introduced without being explored too deeply, which could leave the impression that they are solutions to be taken for granted. They aren’t.
Finally, for the sake of reflecting the proportions of our global population, there could have been more female cartoon characters. Admittedly, they’re all pretty androgenous, but especially since historic characters Milutin Milanković and Charles David Keeling are profiled as breaking ground in studying the Earth’s climate, there felt a lack of womankind’s prominence.
The Power of Humor
Through his love of humor, Dr. Bauman’s career is largely dedicated to promoting economic solutions to the global problem of climate change, primarily through his advocacy of market-based solutions like carbon taxes. This is apparent in Bauman and Klein’s newest work, where British Columbia’s carbon tax is specifically cited as a current model for market-based climate change mitigation. Bauman himself helped BC design its carbon tax, for any skeptics wondering if his work begins and ends with cartoons.
Dr. Bauman’s take on climate change is refreshing from the perspective of a Greenpeace researcher used to tracking climate change deniers (a term he likely wouldn’t wield). Ignoring the handful of scientists and economists who have made the unfortunate decision to block solutions to global warming, Dr. Bauman employs his economic expertise in forward-thinking conversations we need to have as a society that is expending the scarce resources it depends on.
A New Tool to Reach People, Teach People
Dire problems shut people down. So does the intangible. We all have enough issues to deal with on our own without the world’s problems being dropped onto our shoulders.
Luckily, Yoram Bauman demonstrates both the patience and the favorable attitude necessary to educate people about ways we can approach these problems with the best information we have available. Grady Klein’s artwork broadens the appeal to people across the gaps of age, wealth and other distinctions that too often leave people out of the conversation.
For parents, educators, students, or anyone with extra time or sheer curiosity, I highly recommend grabbing a copy of The Cartoon Introduction to Climate Change. Yoram Bauman’s book serves as a cost-effective shortcut on the latest climate science and the most basic economic approaches to find solutions.
At first glance, you wouldn't think avocados and almonds could harm bees; but a closer look at how these popular crops are produced reveals their potentially detrimental effect on pollinators.
Migratory beekeeping involves trucking millions of bees across the U.S. to pollinate different crops, including avocados and almonds. Timothy Paule II / Pexels / CC0<p>According to <a href="https://www.fromthegrapevine.com/israeli-kitchen/beekeeping-how-to-keep-bees" target="_blank">From the Grapevine</a>, American avocados also fully depend on bees' pollination to produce fruit, so farmers have turned to migratory beekeeping as well to fill the void left by wild populations.</p><p>U.S. farmers have become reliant upon the practice, but migratory beekeeping has been called exploitative and harmful to bees. <a href="https://www.cnn.com/2019/05/10/health/avocado-almond-vegan-partner/index.html" target="_blank">CNN</a> reported that commercial beekeeping may injure or kill bees and that transporting them to pollinate crops appears to negatively affect their health and lifespan. Because the honeybees are forced to gather pollen and nectar from a single, monoculture crop — the one they've been brought in to pollinate — they are deprived of their normal diet, which is more diverse and nourishing as it's comprised of a variety of pollens and nectars, Scientific American reported.</p><p>Scientific American added how getting shuttled from crop to crop and field to field across the country boomerangs the bees between feast and famine, especially once the blooms they were brought in to fertilize end.</p><p>Plus, the artificial mass influx of bees guarantees spreading viruses, mites and fungi between the insects as they collide in midair and crawl over each other in their hives, Scientific American reported. According to CNN, some researchers argue that this explains why so many bees die each winter, and even why entire hives suddenly die off in a phenomenon called colony collapse disorder.</p>
Avocado and almond crops depend on bees for proper pollination. FRANK MERIÑO / Pexels / CC0<p>Salazar and other Columbian beekeepers described "scooping up piles of dead bees" year after year since the avocado and citrus booms began, according to Phys.org. Many have opted to salvage what partial colonies survive and move away from agricultural areas.</p><p>The future of pollinators and the crops they help create is uncertain. According to the United Nations, nearly half of insect pollinators, particularly bees and butterflies, risk global extinction, Phys.org reported. Their decline already has cascading consequences for the economy and beyond. Roughly 1.4 billion jobs and three-quarters of all crops around the world depend on bees and other pollinators for free fertilization services worth billions of dollars, Phys.org noted. Losing wild and native bees could <a href="https://www.ecowatch.com/wild-bees-crop-shortage-2646849232.html" target="_self">trigger food security issues</a>.</p><p>Salazar, the beekeeper, warned Phys.org, "The bee is a bioindicator. If bees are dying, what other insects beneficial to the environment... are dying?"</p>
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