Quantcast
Environmental News for a Healthier Planet and Life

Farm Bill a Mixed Bag of Disappointments and Hopes

Farm Bill a Mixed Bag of Disappointments and Hopes

Pesticide Action Network

By Margaret Reeves

With last month’s death of the congressional Super Committee, so too died the 2011 Food and Farm Bill proposal that was folded into those fast-track talks. So what happens next?

A mixed bag of disappointments and glimmers of hope, the 2011 proposal now enters into the more normal process of policy development. Because of the tireless efforts of National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition members and many organizations around the country, this starting point for the 2012-13 Food and Farm Bill does contain some elements of our priorities—namely, support for conservation, local food, beginning farmers and organics.

2012 Funding Cuts Already Decided

It's basically a good thing that on Nov. 18 Congress agreed on agricultural funding (appropriations) ahead of and separate from the big omnibus funding bill that will consume most of legislators' time in December. But the spending bill includes some major disappointments.

Funds for 2012 include $19.8 billion in discretionary spending, which is $350 million less than last year and $2.5 billion below President Barack Obama’s request. More than $927 million was cut from mandatory conservation, on top of the $500 million already cut in 2011.

Overall, conservation and renewable energy were the primary losers, while commodity, crop insurance, export subsidies and food stamps were left untouched.

Deep Cuts to Conservation Programs

One of our favorite programs, the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) was cut by $75.5 million, which will reduce by 30 percent the number of acres receiving support for innovative conservation practices. This is a tremendous loss.

CSP funds help farmers and ranchers manage, improve and increase conservation activities that result in environmental benefits on working land.

The scope and impact of the program has been tremendous. Last year, the U.S. Department of Agriculture committed more than $191 million a year (in five-year contracts) to enroll 12.75 million new acres in 9,630 contracts across 49 states. Resource conservation priorities include protection of soil, water, air and wildlife habitat, including Resource-Conserving Crop Rotations that build soil quality and reduce chemical use.

Other unfortunate conservation program cuts include:

  • 20 percent cut to the Environmental Quality Incentives Program ($350 million)
  • 32 percent cut to the Wetlands Reserve Program and 25 percent to the Grasslands Reserve Program ($200 million and $30 million, respectively)
  • 25 percent cut from the Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program and 41 percent from the Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program ($50 million and $35 million, respectively)

Another travesty buried in the funding bill was a decision on fair competition and contracts regarding livestock and poultry known as the Grain Inspection, Packers & Stockyards Administration rule, or GIPSA rule. Among other failings, the final funding bill puts the burden on farmers to prove injury from unfair competition by packers and processors, without clearly definining what this means.

Good examples of these unfair practices were eloquently described in the 2009 documentary feature film, Food Inc., and in a Civil Eats blog describing how just four companies control more than 80 percent of the U.S. meat market.

A Glimmer of Good News

In recent weeks we saw the introduction of three good bills, all intended for inclusion in the 2012 Food and Farm bill.

  • The Growing Opportunities for Agriculture and Responding to Markets (GO FARM) Act of 2011, introduced by Sens. Robert Casey (D-PA) and Tom Harkin (D-IA), would establish a revolving loan program to support local farms and market gardens, helping to create agricultural jobs by connecting small farms with local markets.
  • The Local Farms, Food and Jobs Act, introduced by Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH), would help farmers and ranchers engage in local and regional agriculture by addressing production, aggregation, processing, marketing and distribution needs. It would also assist consumers by improving access to healthy food.
  • The Beginning Farmer and Rancher Opportunity Act was introduced in the House by Representatives Tim Walz (D-MN) and Jeff Fortenberry (R-NE), and in the Senate by Sen. Harkin. This bill would support economic opportunities for young and beginning farmers and ranchers.

Looking Ahead

We still don’t know whether this will end up being a 2012 or a 2013 Food and Farm bill. But we do know there will be further cuts proposed in subsequent appropriations bills, and that large-scale, well-coordinated, multi-sector public input will be vital in order to ensure that we get the most farmer-friendly and ecologically sane bill possible.

The National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition has developed a detailed analysis of the Super Committee kerfuffle and what lies ahead.

Here in California and across the country, Pesticide Action Network will remain engaged with partners and supporters to advocate for programs that promise to protect rural communities, family farmers and the health and well-being of those who work on farms and consume farm products.

For more information, click here.

The Gowanus Canal in Brooklyn, New York, a polluted nearly 2 mile-long waterway that is an EPA Superfund site. Jonathan Macagba / Moment / Getty Images

Thousands of Superfund sites exist around the U.S., with toxic substances left open, mismanaged and dumped. Despite the high levels of toxicity at these sites, nearly 21 million people live within a mile of one of them, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Read More Show Less
EcoWatch Daily Newsletter
The National Weather Service station in Chatham, Massachusetts, near the edge of a cliff at the Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge. Bryce Williams / National Weather Service in Boston / Norton

A weather research station on a bluff overlooking the sea is closing down because of the climate crisis.

Read More Show Less
Trending
Privacy Policy
Amsterdam is one of the Netherlands' cities which already has "milieuzones," where some types of vehicles are banned. Unsplash / jennieramida

By Douglas Broom

  • If online deliveries continue with fossil-fuel trucks, emissions will increase by a third.
  • So cities in the Netherlands will allow only emission-free delivery vehicles after 2025.
  • The government is giving delivery firms cash help to buy or lease electric vehicles.
  • The bans will save 1 megaton of CO2 every year by 2030.

Cities in the Netherlands want to make their air cleaner by banning fossil fuel delivery vehicles from urban areas from 2025.

Read More Show Less
Protestors stage a demonstration against fracking in California on May 30, 2013 in San Francisco, California. Justin Sullivan / Getty Images

A bill that would have banned fracking in California died in committee Tuesday.

Read More Show Less
EXTREME-PHOTOGRAPHER / E+ / Getty Images

By Brett Wilkins

As world leaders prepare for this November's United Nations Climate Conference in Scotland, a new report from the Cambridge Sustainability Commission reveals that the world's wealthiest 5% were responsible for well over a third of all global emissions growth between 1990 and 2015.

Read More Show Less