Compare Electricity Rates by State [2022 Best Prices]

Here’s a quick overview of electricity rates in the U.S.:

  • Current average retail rate of electricity: 14.29 cents/kilowatt-hour
  • Average monthly electric bill: $118.37
  • Average monthly energy usage: 829 kWh/month
Ecowatch Author Kristina Zagame

By Kristina Zagame, Solar Expert

Updated 5/18/2022

Why You Can Trust EcoWatch

Our renewable energy experts have conducted hours of research and collected dozens of data points to determine the best energy rates in America. We’ve also unbiasedly ranked and reviewed numerous energy companies to empower you to make the right choice for your home. 

Whether you’re moving to a new area and looking for power connection or simply shopping for the best electricity rates, EcoWatch is here to help. We’ve narrowed down the top renewable electricity providers in America, and by using this tool or clicking the links below, you can compare prices and find the right plan for you.

Best National Company
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Constellation Energy

  • Pros icon Many years of experience
  • Pros icon Great industry reputation
  • Pros icon Award-winning company
  • Pros icon No.1 producer of carbon-free energy in the U.S.
  • Pros icon Makes charitable contributions
  • Con icon Charges contract cancellation fees
  • Con icon No prepaid or no-deposit plans

Services Offered

  • Service icon 100% Renewable Energy Plans
  • Service icon Fixed-Rate Plans
  • Service icon Variable-Rate Plans
  • Service icon Home Solar
Best Green Energy Options
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Green Mountain Energy

  • Pros icon Green-e certified plans
  • Pros icon Wide variety of contract term options
  • Pros icon Low number of customer complaints
  • Pros icon Many years of experience
  • Pros icon Makes charitable contributions
  • Con icon Charges contract cancellation fees
  • Con icon No prepaid or no-deposit plans
  • Con icon No satisfaction guarantee

Services Offered

  • Service icon 100% Renewable Energy Plans
  • Service icon Fixed-Rate Plans
  • Service icon Variable-Rate Plans
  • Service icon Home Solar
  • Service icon Month-to-Month Plans
Great Renewable Energy Choice
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Clearview Energy

  • Pros icon Many years of experience
  • Pros icon Makes charitable contributions
  • Pros icon Values transparency
  • Pros icon All plans use clean energy
  • Pros icon Low rates
  • Con icon Charges contract cancellation fees
  • Con icon Some reports of misleading door-to-door sales

Services Offered

  • Service icon 100% Renewable Energy Plans
  • Service icon Fixed-Rate Plans
  • Service icon Variable-Rate Plans
  • Service icon Prepaid Plans
  • Service icon Business Energy Plans

Jump To: Overview | Electricity Prices by State | Most Expensive States | Cheapest States | Deregulated Energy States | Finding the Best Rates | Types of Electricity Plans | Best Companies | Finding the Right Plan | FAQ

Overview of U.S. Energy Rates

The average U.S. electricity price sits at about 14.29 cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh) as of January 2022, which is about .94 cents higher than it was in January 2021.1 While less than a penny may not seem like much, it’s a 7% increase in price in a single year.

And remember, the increase in price is per kilowatt-hour. With the average electricity consumption in the U.S. at about 829 kWh per month, the average consumer is paying about $8 more per month compared to a year ago — or $96 more per year.

However, people living in deregulated energy markets can have a bit more control over how much they spend on electricity, as they can choose their own provider. Trying to understand the concept of deregulated energy can be a hassle, so we’ve broken down what you need to know in this article.

Read Also: What are the electricity rates in Texas?

Comparing Electricity Prices by State

Energy rates vary greatly between states, from 9.43 cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh) in Nebraska all the way up to 37.44 cents/kWh in Hawaii.2

The tables below show electricity rates by state as of January 2022. At the time of publication, this is the most recent data published by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).

Keep in mind that rates can fluctuate depending on where you live (even within your state), as well as electricity supply and demand, weather conditions and your utility provider. Most utility rates are regulated by your local public utility commission.

State Electricity Rate (cents/kWh) Average Monthly Bill % Increase Year over Year (2020/2021)
U.S. 14.29* $118.37* 7%
AK 21.82 $120.45 2%
AL 12.86 $147.25 4%
AR 10.33 $109.50 9%
AZ 12.37 $137.80 5%
CA 23.58 $134.88 9%
CO 13.61 $96.77 11%
CT 22.28 $158.41 4%
DC 13.18 $92.79 7%
DE 12.24 $114.08 4%
FL 13.36 $152.57 13%
GA 11.63 $125.72 6%
HI 37.44 $201.05 18%
IA 10.97 $94.89 1%
ID 9.9 $94.55 -2%
IL 13.12 $94.60 6%
IN 13.41 $125.79 9%
KS 12.69 $112.05 7%
KY 11.93 $128.01 12%
LA 11.2 $134.51 14%
MA 25.28 $152.19 12%
MD 13.4 $128.24 6%
ME 18.32 $104.42 10%
MI 17.13 $115.80 1%
MN 12.71 $98.50 2%
MO 10.08 $103.62 7%
MS 11.48 $131.56 5%
MT 10.67 $91.55 0%
NC 10.88 $113.26 3%
ND 9.44 $102.42 0%
NE 9.43 $95.53 0%
NH 21.26 $133.94 11%
NJ 16.32 $111.47 1%
NM 13.12 $87.90 4%
NV 12.93 $125.81 11%
NY 21.01 $126.48 13%
OH 12.53 $109.39 5%
OK 10.16 $109.52 12%
OR 10.86 $99.48 -1%
PA 14.19 $120.05 8%
RI 23.56 $139.95 1%
SC 12.73 $137.61 6%
SD 11.03 $114.38 0%
TN 11.51 $134.44 10%
TX 12.24 $138.56 7%
UT 10.29 $79.13 2%
VA 12.1 $132.50 9%
VT 19.34 $109.66 5%
WA 9.92 $96.12 2%
WI 14.82 $102.85 5%
WV 11.95 $125.59 6%
WY 10.28 $89.33 -2%
*Calculated averages of state rates and bills.

10 States With the Highest Electricity Rates

Hawaii currently has the highest average electricity rate (37.44 cents per kWh) across the residential sector.

State Electricity Rate (cents/kWh)
HI 37.44
MA 25.28
CA 23.58
RI 23.56
CT 22.28
AK 21.82
NH 21.26
NY 21.01
VT 19.34
ME 18.32

10 States With the Lowest Electricity Rates

Nebraska currently has the lowest average electricity rate (9.43 cents per kWh) across the residential sector.

State Electricity Rate (cents/kWh)
NE 9.43
ND 9.44
ID 9.9
WA 9.92
MO 10.08
OK 10.16
WY 10.28
UT 10.29
AR 10.33
MT 10.67

What Is Deregulated Energy?

Deregulated energy markets give consumers the power to choose their own electricity supplier. Lawmakers see this as a way to eliminate regulated energy rates and monopoly providers, creating competition and, theoretically, lowering the price of electricity.

Remember, while you can choose your energy supplier in a deregulated market, you cannot choose your energy delivery provider (aka your public utility company). For example, in Houston, most residents will have their electricity delivered by CenterPoint Energy, but they can choose which company will be their energy supplier (i.e. Frontier Utilities, TXU Energy, 4Change Energy, etc.).

Read Also: What’re the electricity rates in New jersey?

States With Deregulated Energy Markets

deregulated electricity mapAs of 2022, there are 29 states with deregulated energy sectors. Fifteen states have deregulated electricity and natural gas, 12 only have natural gas and two only have electric.

However, even in states with deregulated energy markets, the entire state may not be deregulated. For instance, in Texas, Houston and Dallas residents can choose their own energy supplier, while Austin and San Antonio residents are required to choose the provider that has a claim to that respective city.

States with deregulated electricity include California, Connecticut, Delaware Illinois, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Texas and Washington, D.C.

How to Find the Best Electricity Rates in States with Deregulated Energy

When searching for the best electricity rates, keep in mind that rates and the average cost of electricity can vary based on numerous factors, so you may be given a different electric rate than that of your neighbors. Here are a few things to consider:

Your Energy Usage

The amount of electricity your household consumes may affect the rate you pay per kWh. Most retail electricity providers, or REPs, offer tiered plans based on average energy usage. Tiered-rate energy plans are often called “V-shaped plans” because the rates are more expensive for people who use the least and most amounts of energy and are lowest for those in the middle.

For example, in a typical tiered plan, customers who use around 500 kWh or 1,500 kWh per month will pay more than those who use around 1,000 kWh per month. According to the EIA, the average U.S. homeowner uses 829 kWh per month.3

Contract Length

The length of your contract will also play a role in the cost of electricity. As with most services, the longer you commit to one provider, the better deal you’ll get. We’ll discuss the different types of electricity plans in the next section.

A word of caution: Read the fine print and ask questions before you sign. Many contracts come with startup fees as well as cancellation fees for early termination. And while some Texas electricity providers advertise a $10 cancellation fee, the fine print may read that it’s really $10 per month left on the contract.

To find the best electricity rates, we recommend comparing prices from a few companies. As a trusted energy information source, EcoWatch is often able to secure discounted rates for our readers. You can use this tool or click below to be connected with local energy providers near you.

Types of Energy Plans

Most electric companies have a few plan options for customers to choose from. Here’s an overview of the different types offered by most companies, as well as their advantages and disadvantages, so you can pick what’s best for your household.

Fixed-Rate Plans

Just as it sounds, a fixed-rate plan allows you to secure a rate that will stay the same throughout the entire duration of your contract. Note that “fixed rate” does not mean that your electric bill will be exactly the same every month. Instead, it means the rate you pay per kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity won’t change. So, your bills will still be higher during months you use more electricity.

Pros of a Fixed-Rate Energy Plan  Cons of a Fixed-Rate Energy Plan
You’ll have a better idea of what to expect when it comes to budgeting. If you cancel early, you could be subject to an early termination fee (ETF) — unless you’re moving to an address outside the provider’s service area.
Your rates remain locked in if energy costs rise. Some fixed-rate plans will turn into variable-rate plans upon contract expiration. Be sure to read the fine print and ask your energy provider specific questions about length and price.
With a fixed-rate plan, you’ll pay the same amount month over month for each kilowatt-hour of energy you use. This ensures your rates will stay the same even when the market rate of electricity fluctuates. Some months, you’ll pay less than the market rate, and others, you’ll pay more.

Variable-Rate Plans

If you prefer paying month to month instead of being locked into a length-based contract, you may consider a variable-rate electric plan. Variable rate means — you guessed it — the price you pay is based on variables in the energy market. The price per kWh will increase or decrease depending on supply and demand.

Pros of a Variable-Rate Energy Plan  Cons of a Variable-Rate Energy Plan 
If the price of energy drops, there may be some months where a variable-rate electric customer will be paying less per kWh than someone on a fixed-rate plan. Variable rates can be very risky given that extreme weather or other factors can suddenly — and drastically — increase the price of electricity.
Contracts usually don’t have early termination fees.
With a variable-rate plan, prices change each month based on the market rate of electricity. Some months, you’ll pay less than homes with fixed-rate plans, and others, you’ll pay more. You may also see surprisingly high bills during extreme fluctuations.

No-Deposit and Prepaid Energy Plans

Many power plans require a deposit upon signing a contract to protect the REP from losses should a customer be unable to pay their energy bill. However, certain companies will offer a no-deposit electricity plan option so long as a customer passes a credit check. If the customer doesn’t have a high enough credit score for a no-deposit plan, they can still avoid paying a deposit by opting for a prepaid, or “pay-as-you-go,” electricity plan.

With a prepaid plan, the customer pays in advance for a set amount of electricity, then can track their electricity usage online and can reload the account when it runs low. However, rates are not fixed in a prepaid plan, so it can be harder to plan out expenses.

Pros of a Prepaid Energy Plan Cons of a Prepaid Energy Plan
The obvious — no deposit. You’ll have to pay for your electricity upfront and remember when to top up your meter.
You have total control over how much you spend on your electricity. Your power will be automatically shut off if you hit the threshold of electricity you paid for (this can be avoided by actively monitoring your usage or enrolling in an auto-pay plan).
You don’t have to sign a contract that may come with cancellation fees. You’ll often pay a higher rate per kWh compared to other plans.

Green Energy Plans

Green energy plans are those that supply electricity from renewable energy sources, like wind, hydro or solar energy.

Some REPs may have Green-e Verification or a similar certification to ensure that the electricity is responsibly generated, transmitted and distributed. Non-green energy plans will often include a percentage of their total energy from renewable sources, usually ranging from 6-25%.

Most green energy REPs will still offer variable- and fixed-rate plan options; the main difference is where the energy comes from.

Pros of a Green Energy Plan Cons of a Green Energy Plan
You can feel good about where your electricity is coming from. On average, renewable plans cost around 1 cent per kWh more than non-renewable plans. (If you use 1,000 kWh per month, that will be about a $10 to $15 difference.)
You can support clean energy without the high upfront cost of solar or wind. They’re not offered by all energy companies, so you’ll have more limited options when choosing a provider.

Business Energy Plans

Not all REPs will provide commercial electricity. If you need an energy supplier for your business, you’ll want to look for a provider that offers business energy rates. Business energy plans may also be needed for industrial and government buildings, as well as schools and churches.

Most business energy plans come in variable or fixed-rate options. Commercial electricity rates also tend to be cheaper than residential ones.

Best Electricity Companies and Providers in America

There are thousands of energy providers across the country, some serving multiple states. Here at EcoWatch, we strive for a healthier planet and encourage our readers to live more sustainably when feasible. As such, we’ve chosen to highlight some of the best electric companies that offer 100% renewable energy options. You can click here to start comparing rates from these providers and more.

Provider States Served Lowest Available Rate* (¢/kWh) Plan Length (Months) Percent of Renewable Energy
Clearview Energy DE, IL, MA, ME, MD, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, TX & D.C. 7.79 6 100%
Constellation Energy CT, DE, GA, ID, IL, KY, MA, MD, MI, NE, NJ, NY, OH, PA, VA, WY & D.C. 11.0 36 Offers 100% options; other plans are 18.5% renewable
Green Mountain Energy IL, MA, MD, NJ, NY, PA, TX 14.8 24 100%
Gexa Energy CA, TX 8.2 12 100%
Verde Energy CT, DE, MA, NJ, NY, OH, PA, 15.79 12 100%
*Rates will vary depending on where you live. 

What to Look For When Choosing an Electricity Provider

Whether you’ve just moved to a deregulated energy market or you’re looking to save money by switching companies, here are five main things you should look out for when choosing an electricity provider:

  1. Types of plans offered: Not every REP will offer fixed-rate, variable and no-deposit energy plans. If you’re looking for cheap electricity rates, check to see if a company offers “saver” plans or monthly bill credits or incentives that can lower your rates.
  2. Where the energy is coming from: We recommend companies that offer 100% renewable plans from solar or wind energy. If the company does not specify where its electricity comes from, it’s likely natural gas.
  3. Electricity rates – and the fine print: Many customers shopping for a new energy provider will be looking for the cheapest electricity rates, but if the prices look too good to be true, be sure to read the fine print. Some companies will offer low rates for short-term contracts with a fine-print clause that eventually turns the plan into a variable-rate or higher-priced option. Be wary of this, as companies with misleading advertising may not have your best interests in mind.
  4. Company history: In most cases, you’ll want to choose an energy supplier with a proven track record of quality service in your area. You also may want to do some research to find out if there’s a parent company. Some companies that offer renewable energy plans are backed by oil companies like Shell.
  5. Customer reviews: No one enjoys having to pay for electricity service, and outages can be frustrating no matter your energy supplier. But an excessive number of negative customer reviews is probably a warning sign to steer clear of a company. On the other hand, tons of positive reviews are a good sign that a company is likely honest and accommodating.

Other Popular Providers in America

EcoWatch has chosen to feature providers that align with our mission and, in most cases, offer 100% renewable energy. Here are some of the other electricity providers that may or may not hit that goal but that are popular options:

Provider States Served Lowest Available Rate (¢/kWh)* Plan Length (months) Percent of Renewable Energy
Direct Energy All 50 States 12.8 36 20% in each plan; 100% renewable option
Frontier Utilities IL, NJ, OH, PA, TX 7.6 24 15% in each plan; 100% renewable plan options in some areas
Just Energy IL, DE, MA, MD, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TX 9.2 12 15% in each plan; 100% renewable options
NRG (Reliant Energy in TX) CT, DE, IL, MA, MD, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TX & D.C. 11.7 36 Offers 100% renewable plans
Payless Power TX 16.5 12 20% in each plan
Pulse Power TX 12.1 36 At least 20% in each plan; 100% renewable plan options
Reliant Energy TX 11.7 36 15% in each plan; 100% renewable plan option
TriEagle Energy TX 10.4 36 6% in each plan; 100% renewable option
*Rates are subject to change and will vary based on your utility. All information is accurate as of April 2022.

FAQ: U.S. Electricity Plans

At EcoWatch, we receive questions every day about the energy market in the U.S. Here are some of the most common questions we see, along with our answers.

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Kristina Zagame

Solar Expert

Kristina Zagame is a journalist and content writer with expertise in solar and other energy-related topics. Before joining EcoWatch, Kristina was a TV news reporter and producer, covering a wide variety of topics including West Coast wildfires and hurricane relief efforts. Kristina’s reporting has taken her all over the U.S., as well as to Puerto Rico and Chile.