Coalition Calls on USDA to Preserve Integrity of Organic Food Label
Twenty organic farm and consumer groups have filed a legal petition with U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack to protect the authority and permanence of the National Organic Standards Board (NOSB).The petitioners object to recent changes to the NOSB charter—renewed on May 8—that undermine the mandatory and continuing duties of the Board as established by Congress under the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990.
The NOSB, intended to safeguard the integrity of the organic food label, was created by Congress with independent authorities that operate outside the discretion of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Petitioners maintain that in renewing the charter under the Federal Advisory Committee Act, the USDA mistakenly re-categorized the NOSB as a time-limited Advisory Board subject to USDA's discretion and a narrowing of responsibilities.
"These changes to the NOSB charter are significant and directly controvert the specific mandates of OFPA and Congress that NOSB is a permanent, non-discretionary committee that must fulfill a long list of statutorily mandated duties integral to the organic program," said Aimee Simpson, policy director and staff attorney for Beyond Pesticides.
The NOSB Board, appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture, is comprised of a wide swath of organic interests—including farmers, consumers, environmentalists, processors, a retailer and a certifier. It is charged with a number of specific duties, including establishing and renewing the list of synthetic and non-organic materials allowed to be used in organic production, known as the National List.
"Congress created the board so that a balance of organic interests, from consumer to industry, would have an irrevocable seat at the table in defining, maintaining and enhancing organic standards. That independent voice is now seriously jeopardized," noted Paige Tomaselli, senior attorney at the Center for Food Safety.
"We have made our living from selling certified organic seed and food for over thirty years," said Jim Gerritsen, an organic farmer in Maine and President of Organic Seed Growers and Trade Association. “NOSB integrity and fulfillment of its unique legal responsibility to represent the interests of the organic community is critical to maintaining consumer confidence in organic food and to the success of organic farming."
In response to one of several recent moves by the USDA to reclassify the NOSB's role as a purely advisory and discretionary committee, petitioners urge USDA to reverse what they consider missteps. The petition finds that to comply with organic law, the USDA must immediately revise the most recent NOSB Charter to accurately reflect the mandatory, non-discretionary duties and ongoing status of the NOSB as described in the Organic Foods Production Act.
"One of the most unique things about organic is that consumers can get involved in setting the standards behind the label,” said Patty Lovera of Food & Water Watch. “For that to remain true, we need to have a strong National Organic Standards Board process."
The groups signing the petition include: Beyond Pesticides, Center for Food Safety, The Cornucopia Institute, Food & Water Watch, Equal Exchange, La Montanita Co-op (New Mexico), Maine Organic Farmers and Gardeners Association, Midwest Organic and Sustainable Education Service, Northeast Organic Dairy Producers Alliance, Northwest Organic Farming Association (NOFA) Interstate Council, Connecticut NOFA, NOFA/Massachusetts Chapter, Inc., NOFA New Hampshire, NOFA New Jersey, NOFA-New York, Inc., NOFA Vermont, Organic Consumers Association, Organically Grown Company, Organic Seed Growers and Trade Association and PCC Natural Markets.