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China to Clone 1 Million Cows a Year to Meet Country's Rising Demand for Beef
Boyalife, the first stem cell bank in China, is now underway in cloning cows to meet the country's skyrocketing demand for beef, according to the company.
The company hopes to initially produce 100,000 cow embryos annually ("more than 6 times the size of the largest American cattle farms," Popular Science points out) and eventually increasing that number to 1 million annually. The product could be available on Chinese shelves by next year.
Photo credit: Shutterstock
Boyalife's plant will be located in the Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Area, a government-sponsored business development park. According to Tech Times, the projected 14,000-square-meter factory will be built and operated by Boyalife, and roughly $31 million (200 million yuan) has been invested into the project.
Xu Xiaochun, board chairman of Boyalife Group, said that Chinese farmers are struggling to produce enough beef cattle to meet market demand. In 2014, a Rabobank report said that global beef demand growth will continue to come mainly from China, with its current population of 1.357 billion. China’s beef demand will grow an additional 2.2 million tonnes by 2025, the bank said.
In addition to beef cattle, the facility will clone animals including drug sniffing dogs, pet dogs and racehorses, Boyalife said. The center, which will be the largest facility of this kind worldwide, will also include a gene storage area and a museum.
“We are going [down] a path that no one has ever travelled,” Xu told The Guardian. “We are building something that has not existed in the past.”
“This is going to change our world and our lives,” Xu added. “It is going to make our life better. So we are very, very excited about it.”
This mass production of cloned animal meat isn't exactly new, or at least for China. The BBC reported last year that Chinese company BGI, the world's largest center for the cloning of pigs, reportedly pumps out 500 cloned pigs a year.
So will cloned meat ever come to the U.S.? Animal cloning technology has been around for decades. Dolly, the world's first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell, was born way back in 1996 in Scotland. Additionally, the U.S. Food and Drug (FDA) Administration issued a report in 2008 stating that meat and milk from cow, pig and goat clones and the offspring of any animal clones are safe to eat.
Additionally, as Fortune writes, "the agency did not mandate that food producers label their products as having derived from cloned animals."
Although "it's highly unlikely that you will see meat from clones at the supermarket any time soon," the FDA said. The agency anticipates that clones would be used as "elite breeding animals rather than as food themselves."
Incidentally, as EcoWatch reported last month, researchers all over the world, including ones in the U.S., are developing genetically modified animals, such as "double muscled" pork, pigs that resist African swine fever and cows that are born without horns.
Still, whether or not U.S. consumers will ever choose biologically tinkered meats for dinner, China's demand for beef and other cloned animal products could be a cost to us all—an environmental cost.
This Twitter clip from NowThis spells out my exact thoughts about China's enormous influx of cloned beef cows: Do we have the resources to feed all these cows? How exactly is the planet to sustain this? And how, I'm afraid to ask, will this impact our environment?
Laura Wellesley, a research associate at Chatham House, said at a press conference, “Globally, the livestock sector accounts for 15 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions—that’s equivalent to all exhaust emissions from every vehicle on the planet.”
Not only does rearing livestock produce emissions directly from animals—from digestion and manure, and from transporting animals and producing their feed—greenhouse gases are released when forests are cleared to make way for pasture or for cropland in order to grow animal feed.
Global demand for meat is expected to increase by 76 percent by the middle of this century as both population and incomes rise, Wellesley said, which means emissions are set to rise as well.
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If people in three European countries want to fight the climate crisis, they need to chill out more.
"The rapid pace of labour-saving technology brings into focus the possibility of a shorter working week for all, if deployed properly," Autonomy Director Will Stronge said, The Guardian reported. "However, while automation shows that less work is technically possible, the urgent pressures on the environment and on our available carbon budget show that reducing the working week is in fact necessary."
The report found that if the economies of Germany, Sweden and the UK maintain their current levels of carbon intensity and productivity, they would need to switch to a six, 12 and nine hour work week respectively if they wanted keep the rise in global temperatures to the below two degrees Celsius promised by the Paris agreement, The Independent reported.
The study based its conclusions on data from the UN and the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) on greenhouse gas emissions per industry in all three countries.
The report comes as the group Momentum called on the UK's Labour Party to endorse a four-day work week.
"We welcome this attempt by Autonomy to grapple with the very real changes society will need to make in order to live within the limits of the planet," Emma Williams of the Four Day Week campaign said in a statement reported by The Independent. "In addition to improved well-being, enhanced gender equality and increased productivity, addressing climate change is another compelling reason we should all be working less."
Supporters of the idea linked it to calls in the U.S. and Europe for a Green New Deal that would decarbonize the economy while promoting equality and well-being.
"This new paper from Autonomy is a thought experiment that should give policymakers, activists and campaigners more ballast to make the case that a Green New Deal is absolutely necessary," Common Wealth think tank Director Mat Lawrence told The Independent. "The link between working time and GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions has been proved by a number of studies. Using OECD data and relating it to our carbon budget, Autonomy have taken the step to show what that link means in terms of our working weeks."
Stronge also linked his report to calls for a Green New Deal.
"Becoming a green, sustainable society will require a number of strategies – a shorter working week being just one of them," he said, according to The Guardian. "This paper and the other nascent research in the field should give us plenty of food for thought when we consider how urgent a Green New Deal is and what it should look like."
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- Needed: A shorter work week – People's World ›