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Bioneers Cleveland to Host Full-Day Sustainability and Vision Presentation at CSU
Green is a big color at Cleveland State University. Students and the community will be highlighting “green” as in “Sustainability “on April 11 with Green Advantage: Sustainability and Vision, a full day of presentations that showcase a number of initiatives at CSU, Northeast Ohio and nationally. The event is free of charge for CSU students and staff, as well as the broader community, who will be inspired by what is happening on campus and beyond.
The student-initiated day, sponsored by the CSU Student Environmental Movement, is in partnership with Bioneers Cleveland that has been bringing the outstanding speakers from the national Bioneers conference virtually to Cleveland for the past five years. The keynote speech will be given by Erin Huber, 2011 Cleveland State grad who has started Drink Tap, Drink Local that has included a water project in Uganda. She will introduce the DVD of Philippe Cousteau’s Bioneers talk, Continuing a Legacy: Building a Sustainable World in the 21st Century.
Other speakers via DVD include The Rights of Nature: An Idea Whose Time Has Come, Natalia Green, Earth Jurisprudence; When Women are People…and Corporations Are Not: Why the First Inequality Will Also be the Last, Gloria Steinem, world-renowned writer, lecturer, editor and feminist activist; Life’s Operating Manual, Dayna Baumeister, co-founder of the Biomimicry Guild and Institute; and The Real Food Challenge, Anim Steel, Director of National Programs at The Food Project.
Local presenters include Dr. Wendy Kellogg, Director, Master of Urban Planning, Design and Development Faculty Associate who will introduce a panel on women’s leadership; Steph Crow Hawk, Environmental Consultant; Torrey McMillan (Hathaway Brown) moderating a panel on Biomimicry with Peter Niewiarwoski (University of Akron); and Carlton Jackson (Tunnel Vision Hoops) on local food initiatives.
To start the day, Jenita McGowan, Chief of Sustainability for the City of Cleveland, will give an update on Sustainable Cleveland 2019, and students from the Citizens’ Leadership Academy will participate in Fast Track Jr., in which ideas for social entrepreneurship will be pitched for the audience to vote on. The students will be coached by CSU students and the winning idea will receive additional assistance in making it happen.
Conference chair is Mischelle Brown, Masters’ student in Philosophy, who was inspired by the Bioneers Cleveland event at Cuyahoga Community College in 2010. She has assembled a diverse student and organizational committee and hopes that the event will raise interest in what is already happening to make CSU a greener campus as well as to inspire more focus on sustainability.
The day will end at 4:30 p.m. with a no-host networking reception at Uno’s in the Student Union. Further information can be found by clicking here.
Registration at the door starts at 8:30 a.m.; the program will start promptly at 9:00 a.m.
Green Advantage, April 11, 2012
Come for the day or for an hour
8:30 a.m. Registration and Continental Breakfast
9:00 a.m. Welcome, Andrew Thomas, CSU xxxxxxxx
Sustainable Cleveland 2019, Jenita McGowan, Chief of Sustainability for the City of Cleveland
9:15 a.m. Fast Track Jr., Carlton Jackson (Tunnel Vision Hoops), Brittany Coffin (2010 Fast Track Winner from Downspout Rain Garden), and Citizens Leadership Academy students who will pitch their ideas for building thriving communities for the audience to select the winning concept.
9:40 a.m. Keynote, Erin Huber, Director of Drink Local, Drink Tap, CSU Alum, ‘10
10:00 a.m. Continuing a Legacy: Building a Sustainable World in the 21st Century, Philippe Cousteau via DVD, CEO of EarthEcho International, Chief Ocean Correspondent for Discovery’s Animal Planet and CNN
11:00 a.m. The Rights of Nature: An Idea Whose Time Has Come, Natalia Green via DVD, Earth Jurisprudence; Local Presentation by Steph Crowhawk, Environmental Consultant
12:00 p.m Lunch on your own (Food Court, etc.)
1:00 p.m. When Women are People…and Corporations Are Not: Why the First Inequality Will Also be the Last, Gloria Steinem via DVD, world-renowned writer, lecturer, editor and feminist activist. Local presentation by Dr. Wendy Kellogg and panel
2:00 p.m. Life’s Operating Manual, Dayna Baumeister via DVD, Co-founder of the Biomimicry Guild and Institute: Local Biomimicry Panel with Torrey McMillan (Hathaway Brown), Doug Paige (Cleveland Institute of Art), Peter Niewiarwoski
3:00 p.m. The Real Food Challenge, Anim Steel via DVD, Director of National Programs at The Food Project. Local Presentation by Carlton Jackson (Tunnel Vision Hoops)
4:00 p.m. Wrap-up
4:30 p.m. Networking Reception at Bar UNOS, CSU Student Center
For more information, click here.
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A central player in the fight against the novel coronavirus is our immune system. It protects us against the invader and can even be helpful for its therapy. But sometimes it can turn against us.
How does our immune system react to the coronavirus?<p>The coronavirus is — like any other virus — not much more than a shell around genetic material and a few proteins. To replicate, it needs a host in the form of a living cell. Once infected, this cell does what the virus commands it to do: copy information, assemble it, release it.</p><p>But this does not go unnoticed. Within a few minutes, the body's immune defense system intervenes with its innate response: Granulocytes, scavenger cells and killer cells from the blood and lymphatic system stream in to fight the virus. They are supported by numerous plasma proteins that either act as messengers or help to destroy the virus.</p><p>For many viruses and bacteria, this initial activity of the immune system is already sufficient to fight an intruder. It often happens very quickly and efficiently. We often notice only small signs that the system is working: We have a cold, a fever. </p>
Is there an immunity? How long does it last?<p>The good news is that it is very likely there is an immunity. This is suggested by the proximity to other viruses, epidemiological data and animal experiments. Researchers <a href="https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.03.13.990226v1" target="_blank">infected four rhesus monkeys,</a> a species close to humans, with SARS-CoV-2. The monkeys showed symptoms of COVID-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus, developed neutralizing antibodies and recovered after a few days. When the recovered animals were reinfected with the virus, they no longer developed any symptoms: They were immune. </p><p>The bad news: It is not (yet) known how long the immunity will last. It depends on whether a patient has successfully developed neutralizing antibodies. Achim Hörauf estimates that the immunity should last at least one year. Within this year, every new contact with the virus acts as a kind of booster vaccination, which in turn might prolong the immunity.</p><p>"The virus is so new that nobody has a reasonable immune response," says the immunologist. He believes that lifelong immunity is unlikely. This "privilege" is reserved for viruses that remain in the body for a long time and give our immune system a virtually permanent opportunity to get to know it. Since the coronavirus is an RNA (and not a DNA) virus, it cannot permanently settle in the body, says Hörauf.</p><p>The Heidelberg immunologist <a href="https://www.klinikum.uni-heidelberg.de/immunologie/immunologie" target="_blank">Stefan Meuer</a> predicts that the novel coronavirus will also mutate like all viruses. He assumes that this could be the case in 10 to 15 years: "At some point, the acquired immunity will no longer be of any use to us because then another coronavirus will return, against which the protection that has now been formed will not help us because the virus has changed in such a way that the antibodies are no longer responsible. And then no vaccination will help either."</p>
How can we take advantage of the antibody response of the immune system?<p>Researchers are already collecting plasma from people who have successfully survived an infection with SARS-CoV-2 and are using it to treat a limited number of patients suffering from COVID-19. The underlying principle: <a href="https://www.dw.com/en/coronavirus-drugs-can-antibodies-from-survivors-help/a-52806428" target="_blank">passive immunization.</a> The studies carried out to date have shown positive results, but they have usually been carried out on only a few people.</p><p>At best, passive immunization is used only when the patient's own immune system has already started to work against the virus, says Achim Hörauf: "The longer you can leave the patients alone with the infection before you protect them with passive immunization, the better." Only through active immunization can one be protected in the long term. At the same time, it is difficult to recognize the right point in time.</p><p>PCR (polymerase chain reaction) tests are currently used to find out whether a person is infected with the coronavirus. With the help of PCR, it is not possible to tell whether or not there is reproducible viral RNA; it is just a proof of whether the virus is still present, dead or alive. A PCR test cannot tell us whether our immune system has already intervened, i.e. whether we have had contact with the virus in the past, have formed antibodies and are now protected. Researchers are therefore working on tests that check our blood for the presence of antibodies. They are already in use in Singapore, for example, and are nearing completion in the USA. With the help of these tests, it would finally be possible to gain an overview <a href="https://www.dw.com/en/corona-confusion-how-to-make-sense-of-the-numbers-and-terminology/a-52825433" target="_blank">of the unclear case numbers.</a> In addition, people who have developed antibodies against the virus could be used at the forefront of health care, for example. An "immunity passport" is even under discussion.</p>
Is it possible to become infected and/or ill several times with the coronavirus?<p>"According to all we know, it is not possible with the same pathogen," says Achim Hörauf. It is possible to become infected with other coronaviruses or viruses from the SARS or MERS group if their spike proteins look different. "As far as the current epidemic is concerned, it can be assumed that people who have been through COVID-19 will not become ill from it for the time being and will not transmit the virus any further," he says.</p>
How long before you're no longer contagious?<p>A study <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2196-x" target="_blank">carried out on the first coronavirus patients in Germany</a> showed that no viruses that are capable of replication can be found from day eight after the onset of symptoms, even though PCR can still detect up to 100,000 gene copies per sample. This could change the current quarantine recommendations in the future.</p><p>According to the Robert Koch Institute, patients can currently be discharged from hospital if they show two negative PCR samples from the throat within 24 hours. If they have had a severe case of the disease, they should remain in domestic isolation for another two weeks. For each discharge, whether from hospital or home isolation, they should have been symptom-free for at least 48 hours.</p>
Why do people react differently to the virus?<p>While some people get off with a mild cold, others are put on ventilators or even die of SARS-Cov-2. Especially people with <a href="https://www.dw.com/en/coronavirus-who-is-particularly-at-risk-and-why/a-52710881" target="_blank">pre-existing conditions</a> and older people seem to be worst-affected by the virus. Why? This is the hottest question at the moment.</p><p>It will still take a very, very long time to understand the mechanistic, biological basis for why some people are so much more severely affected than others, virologist Angela Rasmussen told <em>The Scientist</em>. "The virus is important, but the host response is at least as important, if not more important," her colleague Stanley Perlman told the magazine.</p><p>Stefan Meuer sees a fundamental survival principle of nature in the different equipment and activity of our immune systems: "If we were all the same, one and the same virus could wipe out the entire human species at once. Due to the genetic range, it is quite normal that some people die from a viral disease while others do not even notice it. "</p><p>Achim Hörauf also suspects immunological variants that could be genetically determined. Since interstitial pneumonia is observed with the coronavirus, the focus is probably on an overreaction of the immune system. However, it is also possible that each person affected may have been loaded with a different dose of the virus, which in turn leads to different outcomes. And finally, it makes a difference how robust the body and lungs are: Competitive athletes simply have more lung volume than long-time smokers. </p>
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