CBD for Dogs: Best CBD Dog Treats of 2020
We love our four-legged friends, especially our dogs. If you love your dogs like we love ours, then there's no better way to show them love than by keeping them in the best of health. There are lots of different ways to boost your dog's health that include taking them on regular walks, making sure they eat healthy food, performing regular grooming, and giving them the best treats possible made from natural ingredients.
CBD continues to grow in popularity. And because a great number of avid CBD users have experienced many of CBD's benefits, it's only reasonable that they would want the same for their four-legged friends. Below, we've given you our top three picks for CBD dog treats, as well as some great information on what CBD can do for your dog.
How We Put Our CBD Dog Treat List Together
When it comes to our dogs, we wanted to make sure we were choosing the best treats possible. In order to do that, we needed to take some time to thoroughly research some CBD dog treats brands. We took into account:
- How long the brand has been around for
- What ingredients were used to make the treats
- Verified customer reviews
- Whether or not the brand used an independent third-party lab to test its products
- Hemp sources
- Input from respected industry experts and CBD journalists
- Whether or not the brands made the third-party lab results easy for customers to find
- How effective the treats were at helping various issues in dogs
- The brands' overall reputation
- Overall product effectiveness
Once we began looking at these criteria, we were able to whittle our once gigantic list down even further until we were eventually left with the brands that we're presenting to you in our article.
Best CBD Dog Treat Brands:
#1 FAB CBD Dog Treats — Top Rated & Best Quality
Not only does the team at FAB CBD care about helping humans feel their best, they also want the best for our four-legged friends too. When you give your pup FAB's CBD Dog Treats, you'll be showing them extra love and affection.
All of FAB's treats are free of corn, wheat, soy, or dairy, and are the perfect snack for your furry friend. Even though these treats are made from the best Colorado-grown organic hemp and contain CBD, they don't have any THC in them. Instead, what you get are treats that are loaded with beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes that will help enhance your dog's health.
The team at FAB seeks to help both humans and pets achieve optimal health through the natural healing powers of CBD. As such, FAB ensures that each step of the process — from growing hemp, to cultivation, harvesting, extracting, and product crafting — is done with the best of care and the most transparency.
FAB's CBD Dog Treats come in three formulas and flavors:
Some dogs struggle with stress and anxiety, which can cause the immune system to become weakened. Prolonged stress not only compromises the immune system, it also makes our dogs susceptible to other dangerous health conditions. FAB's Calm & Cool CBD Dog Treats can keep your pup cool and collected.
These fun peanut butter apple-flavored treats contain:
- Passion flower to help the brain create a calming effect throughout the body
- Chamomile to lower stress levels and support the digestive system
- Coconut oil, which has antiviral, antimicrobial, and anti-fungal properties
- CBD to help your dog's body systems to return to and maintain balance
If your pup is suffering skin or coat issues, or if you simply want to uphold the overall health of your dog's skin and fur, then select FAB's Skin & Coat Crunchy CBD Dog Treats.
These salmon-flavored treats contain:
- Flaxseed to help support a healthy coat
- Salmon oil to maintain a healthy immune system
- Coconut oil to fight against microbes, fungi, and other bacteria
- CBD to help keep your pup's body in a state of balance or homeostasis
If your dog has been struggling with a weak immune system, or if you simply just want to strengthen your dog's immune defenses, then look no further than FAB's Active Immune CBD Dog Treats.
These chicken-flavored treats are made with:
- Turmeric for digestive system support
- Flaxseed to help keep your dog's coat shiny and healthy
- Milk thistle to strengthen your dog's immune system so that it can properly battle free radical damage
- CBD to help your dog's body come back into balance
Selecting the Right FAB Treat for Your Dog
When it comes to picking the perfect CBD treat for your dog, think about what you want to accomplish for your furry friend through the health boosting benefits of CBD and other holistic ingredients. No matter which treat you choose, please know that FAB's got your pup covered!
- Source of Hemp — FAB sources all of its organically grown hemp from Colorado. FAB uses the industry-preferred, clean CO2 extraction method to ensure that the hemp extracts are clean and free from pesticides, chemicals, and other potentially harmful things.
- Reputation — FAB CBD has a strong reputation of creating high-quality, top-shelf CBD products both for humans and for dogs. The brand, founded in 2017, is on a mission to make sure all of its products are easily accessible for everyone. The FAB team knows what it takes to create top-quality products because of their many collective years in the health and wellness industries. FAB uses ProVerde Labs to test all of its products and then makes those results readily available and easy for customers to find. That's why they were listed as the best CBD dog treats by LA WEEKLY.
- Price — All of FAB's products are created to be of the highest quality. Having said that, all of FAB's products, whether you're purchasing FAB's CBD Dog Treats, full-spectrum CBD oils, CBD topical cream, Vapes, or CBD Gummies, are extremely affordable.
- Effectiveness — Each one of FAB's treats contain 3mgs of CBD extract per treat. The hemp extract that FAB uses is what's called broad spectrum hemp oil, which means that each treat has all the hemp's beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes, but zero THC. So not only are the treats great for your dog, they're also safe and effective.
- Our Thoughts and Conclusions — Not only are FAB's treats affordable, they're also safe, effective, and loaded with wonderful natural ingredients that will help keep your pup strong and healthy over time. We rate FAB as our number one pick for the best CBD dog treats of 2020 because they are high-quality, have a strong reputation among customers, are priced well, and come from a brand with a stellar reputation.
Holistapet believes that your pet's overall health and well-being comes first. As such, the brand is dedicated to giving pet owners natural remedies to help reduce their pet's discomforts without any of the side effects that prescription medication has. Many of Holistapet's products contain superfoods and supplements that help boost the efficiency of CBD while simultaneously supplying pets with extra vitamins and minerals.
The brand's mission is to educate the world about the safety and effectiveness of the cannabinoids found in hemp. Holistapet seeks to help pets regain bodily balance that was lost through prescription medications. To that end, the brand seeks to also provide pet owners with education, research, and customer experiences through news articles, social media, and special forums.
Holistapet works with Colorado farms to produce quality CBD pet products. All of the brand's products are plant-based, organic, vegan, cruelty-free, non-GMO, gluten-free, dairy-free, and free of artificial flavors and colors.
Holistapet Organic Dog Treats
Holistapet Organic Dog Treats are 100 percent natural and non-GMO. The treats contain high-quality CBD, flaxseed, hemp seed powder, and other natural ingredients. The brand offers three different flavors that target three different needs including: Pumpkin Spice & Cinnamon for joint, flexibility, or mobility issues, Blueberry & Sweet Potato for allergies, heart and immune system issues, and general wellness, and Green Apple & Peanut Butter for stress and anxiety relief.
- Source of Hemp — Holistapet sources its organic hemp from Colorado. The industry-preferred CO2 extraction process is used to obtain clean hemp extracts for its products. The brand also has each of its products tested by an independent third-party lab and then makes those results easy for customers to find on its website.
- Reputation — The brand has a solid reputation among its customers. Holistapet also offers a variety of different CBD pet products for dogs, cats, and horses.
- Price — The price per bag depends on the size of the bags you choose. Customers can choose between 150mg, 300mg, and 600mg bags. Holistapet also offers a monthly subscription service. The prices seem to fall in range with our other two brands.
- Effectiveness — Every treat contains 5mg of full-spectrum CBD per treat along with other natural ingredients that help to target different health issues depending on which variety you select for your pet.
- Our Thoughts and Conclusions — Holistapet prides itself on creating a unique combination of superfoods and CBD to help boost both the health and nutrition of your pet. The brand uses organic, natural ingredients, its treats are non-GMO, gluten-free, and dairy-free, and the brand strives to use high quality CBD and superfoods in all of its products.
#3 Honest Paws
Honest Paws came about when the brand's founder, Chelsea, was concerned over her dog's debilitating seizure condition. After receiving disturbing news from the vet that her dog Baby Rose's prescription medication would make her feel lethargic and was not guaranteed to work, Chelsea started researching CBD.
Chelsea then began giving Baby Rose human-grade CBD oil for a month and discovered that not only did the dog's condition disappear, but Baby Rose's mobility improved as well. Chelsea then created Honest Paws so that pet owners could have a dedicated CBD pet brand.
Honest Paws Bites
Honest Paws Bites can be used as a reward or as a snack. The bites come in three flavors: Roasted Peanut Butter for calming, Tasty Turmeric for relief, and Creamy Coconut for wellness. During the fall, the brand also sells a limited edition Pumpkin Spice flavor. Honest Paws Bites contain eggs, organic coconut, organic oats, CBD, and organic barley, as well as the flavors mentioned above.
- Source of Hemp — Honest Paws' CBD is organic, full-spectrum, non-GMO, soy-free, and third-party lab tested. The brand sources its organic hemp from Colorado.
- Reputation — Honest Paws has a strong reputation among pet owners because of its diverse range of CBD products specially designed with pets in mind.
- Price — Honest Paws' treats are affordably priced when compared to some of the more expensive brands. There are 30 treats per bag. Customers are also able to sign up for a subscription service for their favorite products. As an added bonus, subscription orders also receive a discount, with some products eligible for up to 40 percent off.
- Effectiveness — Each bite contains 5mg of full-spectrum, organically grown CBD. Each treat is made with human-grade, non-GMO ingredients. These treats are both safe and effective.
- Our Thoughts and Conclusions — Honest Paws is committed to using the best human-grade ingredients in its bites. Moreover, the brand offers high-quality CBD pet treats in a well-rounded, healthy variety of natural flavors. The website is easy for customers to navigate and very informative. All products are 100 percent natural. The one drawback that we can see is that only those customers who live in the U.S. are able to purchase Honest Paws' products. Finally, aside from Honest Paws Bites, the brand also offers other products such as oils and soft chews.
CBD Has Benefits for Your Four-Legged Friends
Cannabidiol, or CBD, is one of the many compounds found in both hemp and cannabis. Typically, CBD products that are created from hemp will not contain THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, the compound that causes a euphoric high feeling. CBD is extracted from the marijuana and hemp plants and will not cause a euphoric high.
Both hemp and marijuana derive from the cannabis plant, however both have very different levels of THC. While marijuana can have around 30 percent of THC, hemp will only contain a maximum amount of 0.3 percent of THC.
CBD oil is derived from the leaves, flowers, and stems of the cannabis plant. This important cannabinoid compound contains both medical as well as therapeutic benefits. Conversely, hemp oil is derived from cannabis seeds that naturally contain a small percentage to no CBD or THC. Even though hemp seeds do not contain the same benefits as CBD, hemp oil does have many nutritional benefits due to its vitamin and mineral-rich makeup.
To date, not that many scientific studies have been done on CBD and dogs. However, a promising study was performed back in July of 2018. This study found that in dogs suffering with arthritis, when given CBD, not only was the dogs' pain significantly reduced, but there were also no negative side effects to report. During the study, researchers gave the dogs 2 or 8mg of CBD per kilogram of body weight. Researchers noted that 80 percent of the dogs showed vast improvement in both pain and mobility as measured by the canine brief pain inventory and the Hudson activity scale.
Likewise, another study that came out in 2019 found that, when given CBD in addition to seizure medication, dogs with epilepsy suffered significantly fewer seizures. The researchers did, however, recommend further testing.
How Can You Give Your Dog CBD?
There are many different ways to give your dog CBD. Many brands sell CBD for pets as creams, oils, treats, chews, and capsules. Even though there are many different ways to get CBD into your dog, a common question that arises is how much CBD should be given overall to your pup.
In general, that same 2018 study regarding dogs with arthritis found that an effective dose for dogs was 2mg of CBD per kilogram of body weight. Much like humans, every dog will respond differently to CBD. Therefore, as with humans, it's best to start with a small dose, monitor your dog's response, and gradually increase slowly from there. Just like with dosing CBD for humans, the same rule of thumb applies for dogs and other pets: start low and go slow.
Which Brand Should You Choose for Your Dog?
Just like with CBD brands for humans, there are quite a few CBD brands for dogs out on today's market. Even though it's exciting to see so much variety for your four-legged friend, please keep in mind that not all brands are created equal.
In general, it's recommended to look on the brand's website for a certificate of analysis or proof of third-party laboratory testing. Also, you should go one step further and read those third-party lab results that are posted on the brand's website. If you don't see any, don't hesitate to call or email the brand's customer service department to inquire about those results.
Furthermore, according to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, or ASPCA, THC is toxic for dogs and cats. Therefore, make sure that any product you select for your dog is THC-free. FAB, like most brands that create CBD products for your pet, cares deeply about the safety and health of your beloved fur baby. That's why all of FAB's treats do not contain any THC.
What Are the Benefits of CBD for Dogs?
Anytime your dog has a positive reaction to a CBD dog treat, then that should be considered a major benefit. For example, if your dog suffers from stress and anxiety and you notice that your pup is calm and cool during loud noises and stressful situations like Fourth of July fireworks or summer thunderstorms, then that is a benefit. Any type of stress your pup suffers through can not only potentially weaken their immune system, it also paves the way for other negative health conditions to possibly occur. Therefore, keeping your dog calm and stress-free is of utmost importance.
Likewise, if your dog has been struggling with mobility issues due to arthritis or other joint aches and pains, and you see that your pup has been moving, running, and jumping noticeably better since you've been giving them CBD dog treats for over a week or so, then this also is a major benefit. According to the American Kennel Club, or AKC, some signs of joint disease in dogs include:
- Stiffness, lameness, or difficulty getting up
- Reluctance to jump, play, or run
- Weight gain
- Irritability or other behavior changes
- Pain when getting petted or touched
- Difficulty holding posture when going to the bathroom
- Frequent bowel or bladder accidents in the home
- Loss of muscle mass over the limbs and spine
The AKC also states that there is no known cure for osteoarthritis in dogs. The progressive disease can be prevented from developing, however, through proper diet, exercise, and protective joint supplements. Considering the results of the 2018 study listed above, CBD may be one of the many positive ways to help improve your dog's arthritis or joint issues.
Much like humans, dogs also come equipped with an endocannabinoid system that works both with CBD oil and without it to help bring about a state of balance or homeostasis to the body. The endocannabinoid system regulates:
- Blood temperature
- Sugar levels
- Brain function
- Anxiety levels
- The body's inflammatory response
- Energy consumption and metabolism
- Pain sensation
- Fat distribution
The endocannabinoid system contains cannabinoid receptors that are located in the brain, nervous system, and other bodily areas that help control the body's performance and help it get back to a state of balance, or homeostasis. Just like in humans, when CBD is introduced into your dog's body, it interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system to help the body's natural processes to bring about feelings of calm, reduce inflammation, as well as block pain, relieve spasm, and regulate appetite, among other processes.
Some of the noted additional benefits of CBD for your dog include a reduction in:
- Anxiety and stress
- Chronic inflammation
- Arthritis and joint pain
- Digestion issues
- Symptoms stemming from cancer
In light of these positive findings, it appears that pet owners are finding a great many more reasons to give their dogs CBD products.
Are There Any Negative Side Effects From Giving CBD to Dogs?
As with any natural supplement or prescription medication for your dog, there is the possibility of some side effects happening. Some of the most common side effects that dogs can have with CBD are:
- Excessive panting
- Loss of balance
- Mild urine dribbling
If you notice that your pet is experiencing any of these symptoms, then you may have given them too much CBD as these are signs of toxicity. If your dog is experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, it's best to call your veterinarian right away.
Our Final Thoughts on the CBD Treats for Dogs
CBD is a great addition to your pet's health regimen. As with any new food, holistic supplement, or new activity, it pays to do your research first. Even though there haven't been too many studies performed regarding CBD and dogs, those studies did find that CBD may be beneficial in the treatment of certain health conditions in dogs and cats.
Always look deeply into whatever brands you are interested in for your pet. Any CBD product should not contain any THC. Along with looking into the ingredients listed in the dog treats, you should also thoroughly read through all of the third-party lab test results.
Brand reputation matters too. Be on the lookout for brands, like FAB CBD, that have a high reputation among customers, industry experts, as well as respected CBD journalists. If you're stuck on where to begin when it comes to finding CBD brands geared toward your pet, you can start by exploring the brands we've listed for you here in our article. Even though FAB was our number one pick, it should be noted that Holistapet came in as a strong second place.
Finally, if you have any questions or concerns regarding CBD for your dog or whether or not it would be good to start your dog on a CBD regimen, then it's most likely a good idea to consult with your pet's veterinarian. But if you do decide to give your dog CBD dog treats, start with a small dose, carefully monitor your pet for both positive and negative effects, and then either stay where you're at or slowly increase the dose from there.
CBD has many wonderful benefits to both dogs and humans. With the right amount of care and research, you can potentially boost your dog's health and wellness with the simple addition of a healthy treat.
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After decades on the political periphery, the climate movement is entering the mainstream in 2020, with young leaders at the fore. The Sunrise Movement now includes more than 400 local groups educating and advocating for political action on climate change. Countless students around the world have clearly communicated what's at stake for their futures, notably Swedish activist Greta Thunberg, who just finished her yearlong school strike for climate. Youth activists have been praised for their flexible, big-picture thinking and ability to harness social media to deliver political wins, as Sunrise recently did for U.S. Sen. Ed Markey's primary campaign. They necessarily challenge the status quo.
A Convergence of Issues<p>The unequal impacts of a changing climate have become extremely clear in 2020, so equity has come to the fore of climate conversations in every corner of the country. A global deadly pandemic continues to rage out of control in the U.S., heat waves are setting new temperature records, wildfires are scorching American Western states, and the hurricane season has already made it to the end of the alphabet for naming storms. In all cases, low-income, Black, Latinx, and Indigenous communities are bearing a disproportionate amount of the impacts.</p><p>"Today, the scab is off, the ugly reality of injustice is hitting us up close and personal, made more realistic by this COVID pandemic," Bullard says.</p><p>This year the decidedly youthful focus on intersectionality is a big part of what defines the transformation of the climate movement. Climate is not just an environmental issue, according to youth activists. It's also a racial justice issue, an economic issue, and an access-to-health care issue.</p><p>"Environmental justice is really seeing the intersection of these issues," says Alex Rodriguez, a community organizer with the Connecticut League of Conservation Voters, which aims to make environmental issues a priority for the state's elected leaders. The group is now focusing their efforts on the coming election and recently succeeded in persuading the state to allow absentee voting in November. "We want people to be safe when casting their vote," says Rodriguez, 26, whose fellow grassroots committee members range from age 16 to 60.</p><p>Rodriguez, who also serves on the equity and environmental justice working group for the Governor's Council on Climate Change, says, "We see our programmatic work as a way to help lawmakers see what they can do to improve the dignity of those suffering from environmental racism, systematic racism, and economic oppression."</p><p>Seeing the overlap and bringing these issues together is a strength that Bullard says was missing from the civil rights organizing he was involved with in the 1960s. He says 2020 is unique in many ways.</p><p>"The number of marchers is unprecedented, from different economic, ethnic, and racial groups—an awakening unlike any that I've seen on this Earth in over 70 years," Bullard says. "Today, the different movements are converging, and I think that convergence makes for greater potential for success."</p>
Young and Old<p>But young people are one essential demographic among many when it comes to climate action. With all that's on the line for climate in the coming elections, up and down the ballot, collaboration becomes key. Bullard says previous generations of climate activists can now play the critical role of mentoring, assisting, and supporting. Standing with, not in front of, youth.</p><p>"Youth are leading us and taking on frontline activity," says Jayce Chiblow, the community engagement lead for Indigenous Climate Action, a Canadian organization that works for Indigenous-led climate justice solutions. But in doing so, she says many young Indigenous activists are experiencing the trauma of violence, getting arrested, and being taken away from their land. "All of our older people are supporting those youth: Elders, mentors, people trained in nonviolent action," Chiblow says. "The youth aren't alone."</p><p>That support can go a long way. "There's a lot of anger and a lot of fear, and that's understandable," says Wazer of Sunrise Connecticut. "I definitely feel those things, too, just considering the ways that our future has been threatened and kind of trashed by older generations."</p><p>Under the Trump administration, the number of environmental rollbacks alone can be disheartening, not to mention new <a href="https://www.yesmagazine.org/video/arctic-national-wildlife-refuge/" target="_blank">drilling permits in the Alaska National Wildlife Refuge going up for auction</a>.</p><p>Wazer is frank about the risks of burnout, depression, and anxiety from the stress of it all, but draws inspiration from the example of the late U.S. representative and lifelong civil rights activist John Lewis. "That forgiveness and that ability to keep fighting and stay motivated … I think that that is something really powerful to learn from older generations."</p><p>An intergenerational approach can leverage the individual strengths of youth and older people in all their diversity.</p><p>"The elders hold our stories," says Chiblow, who is Anishinaabe from Garden River First Nation, Ontario. Those stories include lived experiences, culture, history, and generations of adapting to changes in climate. Such collective experience continues to inform Indigenous knowledge and connections to the land, as well as how people manage and govern themselves in relation to it. This knowledge is passed on through relationship-building and storytelling.</p><p>"Every time you hear that story, you're at a different point in your life, and you'll pick up something else … something new," Chiblow says.</p><p>Changes in perspectives that come with time and experience are among the reasons why intergenerational learning and coalitions are critical to the climate movement. To combine that living and learning is to expand the reach and meaning of the message exponentially. As part of her research for her master's degree, Chiblow brought together youth, community leaders, and knowledge keepers in her community to workshop climate action. "Those relationships are vital to keep that movement going," Chiblow says.</p>
The Unique Value Proposition of Elders<p>Older activists bring unique strengths to the table, according to gerontologist Mick Smyer, who designs strategies to move people from anxiety to action on climate. He calls himself "the aging whisperer to climate groups" and "the climate whisperer to aging groups." He is quick to point out that the learning can go in both directions.</p><p>"I think older adults are untapped resources," Smyer says. "Older adults bring several resources, one of which is their circles of influence. Just by virtue of having lived longer, older adults are going to have denser and richer networks," Smyer says. "The second is, when it comes to voting and civic engagement, older adults, as an age group, outperform all other age groups."</p><p>He uses the 2016 presidential election to illustrate his point: "The older age groups, 70% of them voted. Nobody [else] came close." He is cautious about making sweeping statements about older people broadly, but he says that ageism is alive and well. And that can deter the kind of collaboration that would beget necessary progress on climate action.</p><p>As the twin global patterns of an aging population and a changing climate continue arm in arm, Smyer says a good place for starting this work is within one's family.</p><p>"We each have that power to use in our circles of influence, particularly in our families, and we don't realize it," Smyer says. Whether it's via Zoom or FaceTime or a phone call or a chat in the living room, Smyer says, family members have a superpower: They will listen to each other, and they'll at least start the conversation.</p><p> "Intergenerational collaboration around climate issues, particularly in this election season, starts at home, and then goes to the polling booth," he says.</p>
Speaking the Same Language<p>As an individual's network of family, friends, and connections becomes wider and more diverse, the more work will need to be done to have them all working toward the same goals. That is equally true for the climate movement at large.</p><p>In bridging the gaps among baby boomers, Gen Xers, and millennials, Bullard says, "Each generation will have some idiosyncrasy and uniqueness about it that another generation will not understand or comprehend."</p><p>If everybody in a group or institution is similar, then there's no need to explain a lot, Bullard says. There's usually a fair amount of shared knowledge and values. But the more diverse that group gets, in age, race, gender, or culture, he says, the greater the potential for making mistakes, stepping on people's culture, and causing pain. But the potential for learning also increases exponentially.</p><p>Chiblow says successful collaboration comes down to being able to speak in shared concepts. The term "justice," for example, is an English word that's hard to translate into the Anishinaabe language. Chiblow says that because her community sees itself as belonging to the land, and being part of the land, the Anishinaabe worldview, and therefore their understanding of justice, is necessarily more holistic than the mainstream.</p><p>"Indigenous people have been feeling [the effects of climate change] for so long," Chiblow says. Today, as wildfires rage across the West, the mantra of "I can't breathe" is being driven home on a grand scale. For better and worse, climate justice is finally a front-page story.</p><p>"It's affecting the broader society," Chiblow says. "We're finally at the turning point where we could start to make real change because … people are really starting to feel that urgency."</p><p>The urgency will be tantamount in the coming election. A lot is at stake, says Chiblow: "Incentives, funding, all-around agreement, and also the way we're able to manage our lands and ourselves as people."</p><p>Bullard, too, is insistent on urgency. "This election is one of the most important elections of a generation, because there's so many things at stake," he says. "We can't wait another 40 years on climate. We don't have that much time. We don't have 40 years to get justice."</p><p>Issues of climate justice will be on the ballot in state and local elections this fall, such as Nevada's proposed renewable energy standards and Louisiana's proposed disaster funding. And the topic has finally made it onto the national stage. Joe Biden called Trump a "climate arsonist" for not acting on or even admitting that the wildfires in California are clearly climate-related. The frequency and intensity of such disasters is indisputable.</p><p>"Hurricanes don't swerve to avoid red states or blue states. Wildfires don't skip towns that voted a certain way," Biden <a href="https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/biden-address-west-coast-fires-confront-growing-threat/story?id=73000218" target="_blank">said in a speech on Sept. 14</a>. "The impacts of climate change don't pick and choose. That's because it's not a partisan phenomenon."</p><p>In many ways, the results of the upcoming elections will reflect the ways youth activists and older activists are able come to a common understanding of what climate justice means and what they want the future world to look like. </p><p>"There's a lot of knowledge built up in experience, and there's a lot of energy that's stored in young people," Bullard says. "When you put those two together, you have … an excellent recipe for potential success."</p>
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By Simon Montlake
For more than a decade, Susan Jane Brown has been battling to stop a natural gas pipeline and export terminal from being built in the backcountry of Oregon. As an attorney at the nonprofit Western Environmental Law Center, she has repeatedly argued that the project's environmental, social, and health costs are too high.
All that was before this month's deadly wildfires in Oregon shrouded the skies above her home office in Portland. "It puts a fine point on it. These fossil fuel projects are contributing to global climate change," she says.
Moderates Feeling the Heat<p>If elected, Mr. Biden has vowed to stop new drilling for oil and gas on federal land and in federal waters and to rejoin the 2015 Paris climate accord that President Donald Trump gave notice of quitting. He would reinstate Obama-era regulations of greenhouse gas emissions, including methane, the largest component of natural gas.</p><p>The Biden climate platform also states that all federal infrastructure investments and federal permits would need to be assessed for their climate impacts. Analysts say such a test could impede future LNG plants and pipelines, though not those that already have federal approval. </p><p>Climate change activists who pushed for that language say much depends on who would have oversight of federal agencies that regulate the industry. Some are wary of Biden's reliance on advice from Obama-era officials, including former Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz, who is now on the board of Southern Company, a utility, and a former Obama environmental aide, Heather Zichal, who has served on the board of Cheniere Energy, an LNG exporter. </p>
The Push for U.S. Fuel Exports<p>As vice president, Biden was part of an administration that pushed hard for global climate action while also promoting U.S. oil and gas exports to its allies and trading partners. As fracking boomed, Obama ended a 40-year ban on crude oil exports. In Europe, LNG was touted both as an alternative to coal and as strategic competition with Russian pipelines.</p><p>That much, at least, continued with President Trump. Under Energy Secretary Rick Perry, the agency referred to liquified U.S. hydrocarbons as "<a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/29/us/freedom-gas-energy-department.html" target="_blank">freedom gas</a>."</p><p>Mr. Trump has also championed the interests of coal, oil, and gas while denigrating the findings of government climate scientists. He rejected the Paris accord as unfair to the U.S. and detrimental to its economy, but has offered no alternative path to emissions cuts. </p><p>Still, Trump's foreign policy has not always served the LNG industry: Tariffs on foreign steel drove up pipeline costs, and a trade war with China stayed the hand of Chinese LNG importers wary of reliance on U.S. suppliers. </p><p>Even his regulatory rollbacks could be a double-edged sword. By relaxing curbs last month on methane leaks, the U.S. has ceded ground to European regulators who are drafting emissions standards that LNG producers are watching closely. "That's a precursor of fights that will be fought in all the rest of the developed world," says Mr. Hutchison. </p><p>Indeed, some oil-and-gas exporters had urged the Trump administration not to abandon the tougher rules, since they undercut their claim to offer a cleaner-burning way of producing heat and electricity. "U.S. LNG is not going to be able to compete in a world that's focused on methane emissions and intensity," says Erin Blanton, a senior research scholar at the Center on Global Energy Policy at Columbia University. </p>
Stepping on the Gas<p>In July, the Department of Energy issued an export license to Jordan Cove's developer, Canada's Pembina Pipeline Corp. In a statement, Energy Secretary Dan Brouillette said the project would provide "reliable, affordable, and cleaner-burning natural gas to our allies around the world."</p><p>As a West Coast terminal, Jordan Cove offers a faster route to Asia where its capacity of 7.8 million tons of LNG a year could serve to heat more than 15 million homes. At its peak, its construction would also create 6,000 jobs, the company says, in a stagnant corner of Oregon.</p><p>But the project still lacks multiple local and state permits, and its biggest asset – a Pacific port – has become its biggest handicap, says Ms. Blanton. "They are putting infrastructure in a state where there's no political support for the pipeline or the terminal, unlike in Louisiana or Texas," she says. </p><p>Ms. Brown, the environmental lawyer, says she wants to see Jordan Cove buried, not just mothballed until natural gas prices recover. But she knows that it's only one among many LNG projects and that others will likely get built, even if Biden is elected in November, despite growing evidence of the harm caused by methane emissions. </p>
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