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ALEC in Denial of Its Climate Denial, Threatens to Sue

Climate

Conservative lobbying group the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) writes pro-fossil fuel, climate-damaging "model legislation" for its members in Congress and state legislatures across the country to pass. It's financed by a roster of corporations that benefit from such legislation and ALEC, in turn, funds campaigns to push the legislation into law.

ALEC denies that ALEC denies climate change. Photo credit: Greenpeace.

It's been behind such bills as Ohio's freeze of its clean energy standards last year and the repeal of West Virginia's standards in February, and it's promoting similar legislation around the country. It's been fighting against the growth of solar power across the country working to block rooftop installations that might undercut big utility companies. In Florida, where a battle over making such installations legal is going on right now, former state legislator Jimmy Patronis, now sitting on the Florida Public Service Commission, has been listed as ALEC's state chair.

But the efforts of nonprofit advocacy groups like Common Cause, the League of Conservation Voters (LCV) and Greenpeace have cost it a growing list of high-profile corporate members. Over 100 have departed, as public pressure has mounted. Just in the past year, ALEC lost Facebook, Microsoft, AOL, eBay, Google and Yelp. Pepsi, Coca-Cola, McDonald's, Procter & Gamble, Amazon, Best Buy and WalMart were already gone. Even BP, formerly a high-level ALEC sponsor, announced in March it was cutting its ties with the group. Greenpeace, for its part, has announced the launch of a new website to highlight the extent of ALEC's climate denial campaign.

ALEC's CEO claims not to know the well-established science on climate change. Photo credit: Greenpeace

With so much attrition, ALEC has decided to fight back, and the tactic it's chosen is intimidation. It sent cease-and-desist letters to Common Cause and the League of Conservation Voters, threatening to sue them unless they retract statements saying ALEC is denying climate change.

The letter said it was "clear" that ALEC did not deny that climate change was happening and was human-caused. It claims that ALEC adopted the "model policy" that "human activity has and will continue to alter that atmosphere of the planet" in 1998.

The letter also does some fancy footwork to claim that Google chairman Eric Schmidt's comment last fall, in response to a question from an NRP listener about whether Google was still funding ALEC, wasn't referring to ALEC at all. Addressing specifically Google's departure from ALEC, Schmidt said, "Everyone understands climate change is occurring, and the people who oppose it are really hurting our children and our grandchildren and making the world a much worse place. And so we should not be aligned with such people—they’re just literally lying.”

"If you listen to the  entire exchange on the Diane Rehm show, Mr. Schmidt does not say ALEC is lying about the facts of climate change," sad ALEC's attorneys, apparently preferring the narrative that Schmidt was referring to "people" in general.

ALEC claims they don't deny the science, but its members have made many public statements doing just that. Photo credit: Greenpeace

"We demand that you cease making inaccurate statements regarding ALEC, and immediately remove all false or misleading material from the Common Cause and related websites within five business days," said the letter from ALEC's law firm. "Should you not do so, and/or continue to publish any defamatory statements, we will consider any and all necessary legal action to protect ALEC."

It also demanded that a retraction of the statements be prominently displayed on Common Cause's website.

Common Cause's lawyers responded that ALEC was "cherry-picking" portions of its 1998 model policy statement and pointed out that it also said that human activity "may lead to demonstrable changes in climate" and "may lead to deleterious, neutral or possibly beneficial climate changes," and claimed that "A great deal of scientific uncertainty surrounds the nature of these prospective changes." Since 97 percent of scientists working on climate-related issues agree about the nature of these "prospective changes," there's hardly a "great deal of scientific uncertainty."

“ALEC’s demands and legal threats are an effort to shut down debate about its policies and matters of national importance," said Common Cause president Miles Rapoport. "They seek to chill our right to advocate for the public interest. It won’t work.”

So far it hasn't. Common Cause's lawyers responded to ALEC on March 25, three weeks after it received ALEC's letter. As of now, no lawsuit has been filed.

Despite the overwhelming scientific consensus, ALEC board chair, Phil King, still made this absurd statement. Photo credit: Greenpeace

"Common Cause's statements concerning ALEC's position and activities on climate change are statements of opinion, are neither false nor defamatory, and as such are not legally actionable," said Common Cause's attorney Vinita Ferrera in responding to ALEC's attorneys. "For these reasons, Common Cause declines ALEC's request to retract or alter any statements appearing on Common Cause's website or in other Common Cause materials."

“We don’t appreciate the attempt to silence LCV just because we disagree with ALEC’s positions,” LCV's senior vice president for communications David Willett told the Washington Post. “Usually if someone wants to get serious about tackling climate change, they ask about working with us, they don’t threaten to sue us.”

The Washington Post pointed out that the increasing amount of negative publicity ALEC has gotten as it's emerged in the past several years from the shadows where it preferred to reside seemed to have had an impact on the group.

"The legal spat is an escalation of the conflict and suggests ALEC is feeling the heat of the activist groups’ efforts," it said. "It also suggests a new risk to organizations that rely on the donations from companies that do not want to be associated with organizations accused of denying that human activity is warming the atmosphere at an alarming rate."

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"This hasn't happened in 150 years or more," said Daniel Swain, a climate scientist at UCLA's Institute of the Environment and Sustainability to The Guardian. "There have even been a couple [of] wildfires – which is definitely not something you typically hear about in the middle of winter."

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On Thursday, the U.S. Drought Monitor said nearly 60 percent of the state was abnormally dry, up from 46 percent just last week, according to The Mercury News in San Jose.

The dry winter has included areas that have seen devastating fires recently, including Sonoma, Napa, Lake and Mendocino counties. If the dry conditions continue, those areas will once again have dangerously high fire conditions, according to The Mercury News.

"Given what we've seen so far this year and the forecast for the next few weeks, I do think it's pretty likely we'll end up in some degree of drought by this summer," said Swain, as The Mercury News reported.

Another alarming sign of an impending drought is the decreased snowpack in the Sierra Nevada Mountain range. The National Weather Service posted to Twitter a side-by-side comparison of snowpack from February 2019 and from this year, illustrating the puny snowpack this year. The snow accumulated in the Sierra Nevadas provides water to roughly 30 percent of the state, according to NBC Los Angeles.

Right now, the snowpack is at 53 percent of its normal volume after two warm and dry months to start the year. It is a remarkable decline, considering that the snowpack started 2020 at 90 percent of its historical average, as The Guardian reported.

"Those numbers are going to continue to go down," said Swain. "I would guess that the 1 March number is going to be less than 50 percent."

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Climate Prediction Center forecast that the drier-than-average conditions may last through April.

NOAA said Northern California will continue deeper into drought through the end of April, citing that the "persistent high pressure over the North Pacific Ocean is expected to continue, diverting storm systems to the north and south and away from California and parts of the Southwest," as The Weather Channel reported.

As the climate crisis escalates and the world continues to heat up, California should expect to see water drawn out of its ecosystem, making the state warmer and drier. Increased heat will lead to further loss of snow, both as less falls and as more of it melts quickly, according to The Guardian.

"We aren't going to necessarily see less rain, it's just that that rain goes less far. That's a future where the flood risk extends, with bigger wetter storms in a warming world," said Swain, as The Guardian reported.

The Guardian noted that while California's reservoirs are currently near capacity, the more immediate impact of the warm, dry winter will be how it raises the fire danger as trees and grasslands dry out.

"The plants and the forests don't benefit from the water storage reservoirs," said Swain, as The Mercury News reported. "If conditions remain very dry heading into summer, the landscape and vegetation is definitely going to feel it this year. From a wildfire perspective, the dry years do tend to be the bad fire years, especially in Northern California."