6 Tough Questions Needing Answers at Tonight's Democratic Presidential Debate
From Pope Francis’ historic visit and climate advocacy to President Obama’s groundbreaking Clean Power Plan, momentum for climate action and an economy powered by clean energy is building at a rapid pace. Just last week, Christine Lagarde, the head of the International Monetary Fund (IMF—the world’s most important international economic institution), called action on climate change a “macro-critical” issue that will determine the long term stability and vitality of all countries around the world.
The CNN #DemDebate lineup for October 13, 2015: Webb, Sanders, Clinton, O'Malley and Chafee. http://t.co/mn0H8HhZDi http://t.co/eWE61YHoMi— CNN (@CNN)1444571419.0
The good news is that the world is acting and in a big way. China just joined the U.S. in leading the way forward on climate with historic commitments to curbing its carbon pollution and installing huge amounts of wind and solar. More than 151 countries, including more than 100 developing countries, have submitted plans for cutting and limiting their carbon pollution and ramping up clean energy.
As the Democratic party chooses its next nominee for president, action on climate and climate-smart policies, advocacy for the booming clean energy economy and ensuring we all have clean air to breathe and clean water to drink will be top priorities—and must be top topics of discussion. Recent polling shows that more than eight-in-ten registered voters nationwide (84 percent) favor “taking action to accelerate the development and use of clean energy in the U.S.,” including 72 percent of Republican voters and even 68 percent of self-identified conservative Republican voters. It is important that candidates address these issues and that debate moderators, including CNN’s Anderson Cooper, Dana Bash, Don Lemon and Juan Carlos Lopez, ensure these key issues are highlighted through debate questions.
#StephenColbert Rips CNN for ‘Extra Podium’ for #Biden at #DemocraticDebate http://t.co/Eae6gfbEbk @climatereality http://t.co/20Ln7FuBDI— EcoWatch (@EcoWatch)1444741901.0
These are some of the issues Sierra Club and our millions of members and supporters will be looking for the candidates to provide more detailed views and leadership on:
1. The Clean Power Plan & Beyond
The Clean Power Plan is the single most important action any president has ever taken to address the climate crisis. The plan implements the first ever national limits on carbon pollution from power plants and will help America reduce our carbon pollution by 32 percent from 2005 levels by 2030. As a result, it will help prevent up to 6,600 deaths and up to 150,000 asthma attacks in children every year. The next president must ensure that we actually achieve these reductions through strong enforcement while putting in place even stronger climate and clean air protections as our progress advances.
2. U.S. Leadership on International Climate Action in Paris
This year, the nations of the world aim to achieve a meaningful international agreement on climate action for the first time. While widespread state and local grassroots advocacy is pushing us beyond dirty fuels to clean energy, the U.S. has already shown that it is serious about leading the way forward through the Clean Power Plan. Leadership from the next president of the U.S. will be essential to implementing that agreement, as well as ensuring the world continues to act together and increase its ambitions over the next two decades—the make-or-break timeframe for Earth’s climate.
Why the Oct. 13 Democratic debate should focus on climate. http://t.co/oXy05aNMri #50by30 #cnndebate http://t.co/s64NYdhD90— NextGen America (@NextGen America)1444182110.0
3. A Path Toward a 100 Percent Clean Energy Economy
We know that a 100 percent clean energy economy is inevitable, the only questions are how long it will take us to get there and whether we do so on time. Already, wind and solar are taking off across the country. Today, Iowa gets 28 percent of its electricity from wind and is anticipated to get 40 percent from wind just five years from now. The next president must be a stalwart advocate for wind and solar energy, as well as energy efficiency measures that save all families money. At the same time, it’s important to ensure that changes in the way we power our lives also benefit the workers and communities that have traditionally been reliant on dirty fuels. We need a president who gets it on clean energy and will be an ambitious leader with strong targets and goals for clean energy.
4. Opposition to the Dirtiest Fossil Fuel Projects
The dirty fuel industry loves nothing more than profits and it’s more than willing to sacrifice clean water, clean air and our entire climate for the sake of more. Two projects and proposals stand out for their outsized impact on creating huge amounts of carbon pollution while destroying some of the most incredible places on Earth.
- The Keystone XL Pipeline, which is designed to pipe “the dirtiest oil on Earth” from the heart of Canada’s Boreal Forest and leave behind total destruction. Referred to as “the lungs of the planet,” this ancient forest of coniferous trees features a diverse array of plant and animal species among extensive wetlands and ranks only behind the Amazon Rainforest as the second-largest carbon storehouse in the world.
- Drilling in the Arctic, one of the last great wild places on the planet (and the final frontier in American conservation), would mean a 75 percent chance of a major oil spill and 100 percent chance of major carbon pollution.
5. Promoting Responsible Trade and Opposing the Trans-Pacific Partnership
There are many environmental and other reasons candidates for president must oppose the Trans Pacific Partnership, but top among them is the fact that it includes provisions giving corporations the right to sue a government for unlimited cash compensation—in private and non-transparent tribunals—over nearly any law or policy that a corporation alleges will reduce its profits. Using similar rules in other free trade agreements, corporations such as ExxonMobil and Dow Chemical have launched more than 600 cases against more than 100 governments. Dozens of cases attack common-sense environmental laws and regulations, such as regulations to protect communities and the environment from harmful chemicals or mining practices.
6. Protecting Our Wild Places
America's public lands are held in "public trust" for and by all Americans, providing opportunities to enjoy the great outdoors and come together to share experiences. That’s why it’s important to double down on the fight to preserve our wild heritage in the face of threats from mining, drilling and climate disruption. The next president must follow the bipartisan leadership of past administrations on conservation of our natural places. It’s more critical than ever that we protect vulnerable wildlife through preserving and expanding habitat; protect and restore wild forests and marine sanctuaries; and expand opportunities for all Americans to explore and enjoy nature by conserving and restoring tracts of natural lands near densely-populated areas.
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Migratory beekeeping involves trucking millions of bees across the U.S. to pollinate different crops, including avocados and almonds. Timothy Paule II / Pexels / CC0<p>According to <a href="https://www.fromthegrapevine.com/israeli-kitchen/beekeeping-how-to-keep-bees" target="_blank">From the Grapevine</a>, American avocados also fully depend on bees' pollination to produce fruit, so farmers have turned to migratory beekeeping as well to fill the void left by wild populations.</p><p>U.S. farmers have become reliant upon the practice, but migratory beekeeping has been called exploitative and harmful to bees. <a href="https://www.cnn.com/2019/05/10/health/avocado-almond-vegan-partner/index.html" target="_blank">CNN</a> reported that commercial beekeeping may injure or kill bees and that transporting them to pollinate crops appears to negatively affect their health and lifespan. Because the honeybees are forced to gather pollen and nectar from a single, monoculture crop — the one they've been brought in to pollinate — they are deprived of their normal diet, which is more diverse and nourishing as it's comprised of a variety of pollens and nectars, Scientific American reported.</p><p>Scientific American added how getting shuttled from crop to crop and field to field across the country boomerangs the bees between feast and famine, especially once the blooms they were brought in to fertilize end.</p><p>Plus, the artificial mass influx of bees guarantees spreading viruses, mites and fungi between the insects as they collide in midair and crawl over each other in their hives, Scientific American reported. According to CNN, some researchers argue that this explains why so many bees die each winter, and even why entire hives suddenly die off in a phenomenon called colony collapse disorder.</p>
Avocado and almond crops depend on bees for proper pollination. FRANK MERIÑO / Pexels / CC0<p>Salazar and other Columbian beekeepers described "scooping up piles of dead bees" year after year since the avocado and citrus booms began, according to Phys.org. Many have opted to salvage what partial colonies survive and move away from agricultural areas.</p><p>The future of pollinators and the crops they help create is uncertain. According to the United Nations, nearly half of insect pollinators, particularly bees and butterflies, risk global extinction, Phys.org reported. Their decline already has cascading consequences for the economy and beyond. Roughly 1.4 billion jobs and three-quarters of all crops around the world depend on bees and other pollinators for free fertilization services worth billions of dollars, Phys.org noted. Losing wild and native bees could <a href="https://www.ecowatch.com/wild-bees-crop-shortage-2646849232.html" target="_self">trigger food security issues</a>.</p><p>Salazar, the beekeeper, warned Phys.org, "The bee is a bioindicator. If bees are dying, what other insects beneficial to the environment... are dying?"</p>
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