6 Tough Questions Needing Answers at Tonight's Democratic Presidential Debate
From Pope Francis’ historic visit and climate advocacy to President Obama’s groundbreaking Clean Power Plan, momentum for climate action and an economy powered by clean energy is building at a rapid pace. Just last week, Christine Lagarde, the head of the International Monetary Fund (IMF—the world’s most important international economic institution), called action on climate change a “macro-critical” issue that will determine the long term stability and vitality of all countries around the world.
The CNN #DemDebate lineup for October 13, 2015: Webb, Sanders, Clinton, O'Malley and Chafee. http://t.co/mn0H8HhZDi http://t.co/eWE61YHoMi— CNN (@CNN)1444571419.0
The good news is that the world is acting and in a big way. China just joined the U.S. in leading the way forward on climate with historic commitments to curbing its carbon pollution and installing huge amounts of wind and solar. More than 151 countries, including more than 100 developing countries, have submitted plans for cutting and limiting their carbon pollution and ramping up clean energy.
As the Democratic party chooses its next nominee for president, action on climate and climate-smart policies, advocacy for the booming clean energy economy and ensuring we all have clean air to breathe and clean water to drink will be top priorities—and must be top topics of discussion. Recent polling shows that more than eight-in-ten registered voters nationwide (84 percent) favor “taking action to accelerate the development and use of clean energy in the U.S.,” including 72 percent of Republican voters and even 68 percent of self-identified conservative Republican voters. It is important that candidates address these issues and that debate moderators, including CNN’s Anderson Cooper, Dana Bash, Don Lemon and Juan Carlos Lopez, ensure these key issues are highlighted through debate questions.
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These are some of the issues Sierra Club and our millions of members and supporters will be looking for the candidates to provide more detailed views and leadership on:
1. The Clean Power Plan & Beyond
The Clean Power Plan is the single most important action any president has ever taken to address the climate crisis. The plan implements the first ever national limits on carbon pollution from power plants and will help America reduce our carbon pollution by 32 percent from 2005 levels by 2030. As a result, it will help prevent up to 6,600 deaths and up to 150,000 asthma attacks in children every year. The next president must ensure that we actually achieve these reductions through strong enforcement while putting in place even stronger climate and clean air protections as our progress advances.
2. U.S. Leadership on International Climate Action in Paris
This year, the nations of the world aim to achieve a meaningful international agreement on climate action for the first time. While widespread state and local grassroots advocacy is pushing us beyond dirty fuels to clean energy, the U.S. has already shown that it is serious about leading the way forward through the Clean Power Plan. Leadership from the next president of the U.S. will be essential to implementing that agreement, as well as ensuring the world continues to act together and increase its ambitions over the next two decades—the make-or-break timeframe for Earth’s climate.
Why the Oct. 13 Democratic debate should focus on climate. http://t.co/oXy05aNMri #50by30 #cnndebate http://t.co/s64NYdhD90— NextGen America (@NextGen America)1444182110.0
3. A Path Toward a 100 Percent Clean Energy Economy
We know that a 100 percent clean energy economy is inevitable, the only questions are how long it will take us to get there and whether we do so on time. Already, wind and solar are taking off across the country. Today, Iowa gets 28 percent of its electricity from wind and is anticipated to get 40 percent from wind just five years from now. The next president must be a stalwart advocate for wind and solar energy, as well as energy efficiency measures that save all families money. At the same time, it’s important to ensure that changes in the way we power our lives also benefit the workers and communities that have traditionally been reliant on dirty fuels. We need a president who gets it on clean energy and will be an ambitious leader with strong targets and goals for clean energy.
4. Opposition to the Dirtiest Fossil Fuel Projects
The dirty fuel industry loves nothing more than profits and it’s more than willing to sacrifice clean water, clean air and our entire climate for the sake of more. Two projects and proposals stand out for their outsized impact on creating huge amounts of carbon pollution while destroying some of the most incredible places on Earth.
- The Keystone XL Pipeline, which is designed to pipe “the dirtiest oil on Earth” from the heart of Canada’s Boreal Forest and leave behind total destruction. Referred to as “the lungs of the planet,” this ancient forest of coniferous trees features a diverse array of plant and animal species among extensive wetlands and ranks only behind the Amazon Rainforest as the second-largest carbon storehouse in the world.
- Drilling in the Arctic, one of the last great wild places on the planet (and the final frontier in American conservation), would mean a 75 percent chance of a major oil spill and 100 percent chance of major carbon pollution.
5. Promoting Responsible Trade and Opposing the Trans-Pacific Partnership
There are many environmental and other reasons candidates for president must oppose the Trans Pacific Partnership, but top among them is the fact that it includes provisions giving corporations the right to sue a government for unlimited cash compensation—in private and non-transparent tribunals—over nearly any law or policy that a corporation alleges will reduce its profits. Using similar rules in other free trade agreements, corporations such as ExxonMobil and Dow Chemical have launched more than 600 cases against more than 100 governments. Dozens of cases attack common-sense environmental laws and regulations, such as regulations to protect communities and the environment from harmful chemicals or mining practices.
6. Protecting Our Wild Places
America's public lands are held in "public trust" for and by all Americans, providing opportunities to enjoy the great outdoors and come together to share experiences. That’s why it’s important to double down on the fight to preserve our wild heritage in the face of threats from mining, drilling and climate disruption. The next president must follow the bipartisan leadership of past administrations on conservation of our natural places. It’s more critical than ever that we protect vulnerable wildlife through preserving and expanding habitat; protect and restore wild forests and marine sanctuaries; and expand opportunities for all Americans to explore and enjoy nature by conserving and restoring tracts of natural lands near densely-populated areas.
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EcoWatch Daily Newsletter
Jean-Marc Neveu and Olivier Civil never expected to find themselves battling against disposable mask pollution.
When they founded their recycling start-up Plaxtil in 2017, it was textile waste they set their sights on. The project developed a process that turned fabrics into a new recyclable material they describe as "ecological plastic."
Mounting Piles of Waste<p>It is not only the streets of Chatellerault where pandemic pollution is piling-up, but also the world's beaches and oceans. Once there, they can take up to 450 years to degrade and disappear.</p><p>Esther Röling, co-organizer of the annual Adventure Clean Up Challenge held on Hong Kong Island, has seen this waste firsthand. In October the sports challenge pitted teams against one another in a competition to remove trash from 13 hard-to-reach coastal areas around the city.</p><p>They find tons of both disposable and reusable masks, said Röling. "You wonder how it ended up there. Was it just thrown on the ground? Or was it in a garbage bag that broke open?"</p><p>Almost 10,000 kilometers away in Antibes on the sunny French Riviera, it's a similar picture. For the past few months, divers and clean-up volunteers working with an ocean clean-up non-profit called Operation Mer Propre have been collecting an increasing number of masks found on land and in the sea.</p><p>"Since the beginning of the lockdown when we started to count, we've reached 800, 900, [and now in total] 1000 masks," said co-founder Joko Peltier. </p><p>According to <a href="https://unctad.org/news/growing-plastic-pollution-wake-covid-19-how-trade-policy-can-help" target="_blank">UN estimates</a>, up to 75% of all coronavirus-related plastic could end up as waste in oceans and landfills.</p>
The Limits of Recycling<p>Yet not all are convinced the recycling of this waste is possible on a global scale. </p><p>"What those citizen groups are doing is really beneficial but once they collect it, it should just go to a landfill or an incinerator. They shouldn't necessarily expect it to get recycled," said Jonathan Krones, an industrial ecologist and visiting assistant professor of environmental studies at Boston College.</p><p>That's because mask recycling programs like Plaxtil are few and far between and most don't have the benefit of a readily adaptable production process. </p><p>Even in countries with solid recycling infrastructure, he says, the system is designed to separate out specific types of waste like bottles or cardboard.</p><p>"I imagine that it would be technically feasible to develop a separation process to filter out masks, but there simply aren't enough of them to make that economical," he said.</p><p>Collection is a big hurdle, he adds. Since each mask only weighs a fraction of a gram and they're scattered on roads or mixed with other trash, it is difficult and costly. </p><p>"You need a lot of raw material of the right quality to make investing in the recycling technology and the recycling system worthwhile," he said.<span></span><br></p>
Hemp, Sugar Cane and Sustainable Alternatives<p>Some projects are instead addressing the material used to make masks.</p><p>French company Geochanvre have created a mask made primarily from hemp, while in Australia, researchers at the Queensland University of Technology are experimenting with a disposable product made from agricultural waste. </p><p>Biodegradable options are exciting alternatives to reduce the fossil fuels needed for the creation of plastic-based masks, said Krones, but they don't absolve the wearer from the responsibility of what happens afterwards. </p><p>Bio-based masks often need their own composing solutions, he explains, because in landfill they can produce high amounts of the greenhouse gas methane when anaerobic bacteria feeds on the organic material. Methane is known to be significantly more potent than carbon dioxide.</p><p>"I think as long as we have in our mind that we want to have disposability, we're going to have to wrestle with a variety of different sorts of environmental tradeoffs," he said, adding that reusable, fabric masks are the best option available to most people.</p><p>Precimask is developing a clear face covering with an optional visor made from hard plastic, designed to be long-lasting.<br></p><p>Air enters either side of the cheeks through a technology normally found in pool filters and car exhaust systems, said company spokeswoman Juliette Chambet.</p><p>"We wanted to make ceramic-based filters that would be washable and cleanable, which would allow them to be reused as many times as desired without having to buy a new consumable or produce waste," she said. </p><p>Ultimately, encouraging mask wearers to think about the entire lifecycle of a mask is key, explains Neveu. </p><p>"We want people who put on the masks to realize that they are also responsible for the waste, he said. "It's not inevitable that this [pandemic] will become an environmental catastrophe.</p><p><em>Reposted with permission from </em><em><a href="https://www.dw.com/en/covid-19-recycling-pollution-trash-pandemic/a-55707817" target="_blank">Deutsche Welle</a>.</em><a href="https://www.ecowatch.com/r/entryeditor/2649032193#/" target="_self"></a></p>
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