By Helen West
However, reducing the amount of food you eat can be difficult in the long run.
These tips provide easy ways to cut out those extra calories, get the needle on your scales to budge and make real progress toward your weight goals.iStock
Here are 35 simple but highly effective ways to cut lots of calories and lose weight.
1. Count Your Calories
One way to make sure you don't eat too many calories is to count them.
In the past, logging calories was quite time-consuming. However, modern phone apps have made it quicker and easier than ever before to track what you eat (1).
Some apps, such as Noom Coach, also offer daily lifestyle tips to help keep you motivated. This may be more useful than just logging your intake as it could help you form long-term healthy habits (2, 3, 4).
This article here lists the 5 best calorie counters and nutrition trackers.
2. Use Less Sauce
Adding ketchup or mayonnaise to your food can add more calories than you think. In fact, only 1 tablespoon of mayonnaise will add an extra 57 calories to your meal (5).
If you use a lot of sauce, try eating a bit less (or not using it at all) to reduce the number of calories you're eating.
3. Don't Drink Your Calories
Drinks can be a forgotten source of calories in your diet.
A single 16-ounce (half-liter) bottle of Coke can contain nearly 200 calories, including 44 grams of sugar (8).
One study suggests that drinking lots of sugar-sweetened beverages not only adds lots of unnecessary calories to your diet—it may also increase your hunger later on (9).
You might want to cut back on other high-sugar, high-calorie drinks as well. These include sugar-sweetened fruit juices and smoothies, some commercially produced coffees and alcohol.
4. Don't Add Sugar to Tea and Coffee
However, adding just one teaspoon of sugar adds around 16 calories to your drink.
Although this might not sound like much, the calories in a few cups or glasses of sugar-sweetened tea a day can add up.
5. Cook Your Own Food
When you buy food prepared by someone else, you don't always know what's in it.
Even meals you think are healthy or low-calorie can contain hidden sugars and fats, bumping up their calorie content.
Cooking your own food will give you better control over the number of calories you're eating.
6. Don't Keep Junk Food in the House
If you keep junk food within easy reach, it's much easier to eat.
It can be especially problematic if you're the sort of person who eats when you're stressed or bored.
To stop you reaching for unhealthy snacks, keep them out of the house.
7. Use Smaller Plates
Today's dinner plates are, on average, approximately 44 percent larger than they were in the 1980s (10).
In fact, one study found that, at a buffet, people with larger dinner plates ate 45 percent more food than those who used the smaller plate size (16).
Choosing a smaller plate is a simple trick that could keep your portion sizes on track and curb overeating.
8. Bulk Up Meals With Vegetables
Most people don't eat enough vegetables.
In fact, it's estimated that around 87 percent of people in the U.S. don't eat the recommended amount (17).
Filling half your plate with vegetables is an excellent way to increase your vegetable intake while cutting back on higher-calorie foods.
9. Drink Water Before Your Meal
As an example, one study found that drinking just 2 cups (500 ml) of water before a meal lowered calorie intake by around 13 percent (22).
10. Have a Low-Calorie Starter
In fact, one study found that eating soup before a main meal could reduce the total amount of calories you eat by as much as 20 percent (27).
11. Eat Your Meals Slowly
If you're prone to eating in a rush, try putting your knife and fork down between mouthfuls or counting the number of times you chew your food.
12. Order High-Calorie Dressings on the Side
Sometimes even healthy, low-calorie meal choices such as salads can be deceptively high in calories.
This is especially true when a salad comes with a large number of high-calorie dressing poured over it.
If you like a dressing on your salad, order it on the side so you can control the amount you're using.
13. Watch Your Portion Size
This is one problem people face at "all-you-can-eat" buffets, where it is easy to eat far more than you intended.
To avoid overeating, you can try weighing and measuring your portions—or using smaller plates, as suggested above.
14. Eat Without Distractions
The environment plays a huge role in how much people eat from day to day.
Studies show that if you're distracted while you eat, you're much more likely to overeat, even at later meals (34).
In fact, one recent review found people who were distracted while eating consumed 30 percent more snacks than those who were mindful about their meal (31).
Unhealthy distractions while you're eating include watching TV, reading a book, using your mobile phone or sitting at your computer.
15. Don't Clean Your Plate
Most people are conditioned to eat everything put in front of them.
However, you don't need to eat all the food on your plate if you're not hungry.
Instead, try eating mindfully.
16. Eat Mini Versions of Sweets and Desserts
Lots of popular brands of ice creams and chocolate come in small "kid's" sizes, as well as full-size versions.
If you want a sweet treat, choosing a smaller version of your favorite dessert can give you the fix you want and save you a lot of calories.
If you're eating out, cut your portion by sharing your dessert with a friend.
17. Take Half Home When Eating Out
Restaurants often serve huge portions that contain far more calories than you need in one sitting.
To avoid eating too much, ask your server to wrap up half of your meal before they serve it, so you can take it home.
Alternatively, you could share with a friend.
18. Eat With Your Non-Dominant Hand
This might sound a little awkward, but if you're prone to eating quickly, eating with your non-dominant hand could be helpful.
Eating with the "wrong" hand will slow you down, so you eat less.
19. Include Protein at Every Meal
Eating more protein is considered a useful tool for weight loss and maintenance.
One reason for this is that protein can fill you up more than other nutrients and feeling full can stop you from overeating.
20. Don't Touch the Bread Basket
When you're hungry, it's so easy to reach for the pre-dinner nibbles at a restaurant.
However, this habit can add hundreds of calories to your meal, especially if you're eating pieces of bread and butter.
Send the bread basket back to avoid eating lots of calories before your main meal arrives.
21. Order Two Appetizers
If you're eating out and know a restaurant serves big portions, you can avoid temptation by ordering two appetizers instead of an appetizer and a main course.
This way, you can enjoy two courses without overdoing it.
22. Make Healthy Swaps
One way to cut a few calories is to adapt the meal you have chosen to eat.
For example, if you're eating a burger, taking off the bun will save you around 160 calories—perhaps even more if the bun is really big (39).
You can even shave a few calories off your sandwich by removing one slice of bread to make your own "open" sandwich, even if it's not on the menu.
Swapping fries or potatoes for extra vegetables will also give your vegetable intake a boost while cutting back on calories (40).
23. Choose Lower-Calorie Alcoholic Beverages
Lots of people are careful about what they eat during the week but then binge drink on weekends.
Choose clear alcohol with a low-calorie mixer over beer, wine or a cocktail. This will help you avoid excessive calories from the drinks.
24. Don't Go Large
Sometimes, getting a larger drink or side for only a small increase in price may sound like a better deal.
However, most restaurants already serve oversized food and drink portions, so stick to the regular size.
25. Skip the Extra Cheese
Extra cheese is often an option in restaurants.
However, even a single slice of cheese can add around 100 calories to your meal (41).
26. Change Your Cooking Methods
Cooking your own meals is a great way to keep your meals healthy and your calorie intake under control.
However, if you're trying to cut back on calories, then some cooking methods are better than others.
To cut back on the number of extra calories you're adding to your food, choose grilling, steam frying, boiling or poaching over frying in oil.
27. Choose Tomato-Based Sauces Instead of Creamy Ones
Creamy sauces not only contain more calories—they usually contain fewer vegetables as well.
If you have a choice, choose a tomato-based sauce over a creamy one to get the double benefit of fewer calories and more healthy vegetables.
28. Learn to Read Food Labels
Not all convenience foods are unhealthy, but many contain hidden fats and sugars.
If you know how to read food labels, it's much easier to spot the healthy options. You should also check the number of calories per serving and what the serving size is, so you know how many calories you're actually consuming.
29. Eat Whole Fruits
Whole fruits contain lots of fiber, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, so they're a really healthy addition to your diet.
Whenever possible, choose whole fruits over fruit juice. They're more filling and contain more nutrients with fewer calories.
30. Dip Vegetables, Not Chips
If you like eating snacks such as chips and dips while watching TV but want to cut back on calories, simply opt for healthy vegetables instead.
31. Don't Eat the Skin
Eating the skin on your meat adds extra calories to your meal.
32. Skip Seconds
If a meal is delicious, you may be really tempted to go back for more.
However, indulging in seconds can make it difficult to assess how much you have eaten and you can end up eating more than you intended.
Go for a reasonably sized portion the first time and skip seconds.
33. Choose Thin Crust
Pizza is a popular fast food that can be very high in calories.
If you want to enjoy some pizza, keep the calories to a minimum by choosing a thinner crust and lower-calorie toppings, such as vegetables.
34. Try Intermittent Fasting
Intermittent fasting is a popular weight loss method that can help you cut calories.
This approach to dieting works by cycling your eating patterns between periods of fasting and periods of eating.
There are many different ways to do intermittent fasting. For full details on the potential health benefits and how to get started, read this article.
35. Get Enough Sleep
if you're trying to cut calories and lose weight, make sure you consistently get a good night's sleep.
The Bottom Line
Losing weight can be a challenge—in part because it's so easy to consume more calories than you need to fuel your body.
These tips provide easy ways to cut out those extra calories, get the needle on your scales to budge and make real progress toward your weight goals.
Reposted with permission from our media associate Authority Nutrition.
The ghoulishly named ogre-faced spider can "hear" with its legs and use that ability to catch insects flying behind it, the study published in Current Biology Thursday concluded.
"Spiders are sensitive to airborne sound," Cornell professor emeritus Dr. Charles Walcott, who was not involved with the study, told the Cornell Chronicle. "That's the big message really."
The net-casting, ogre-faced spider (Deinopis spinosa) has a unique hunting strategy, as study coauthor Cornell University postdoctoral researcher Jay Stafstrom explained in a video.
They hunt only at night using a special kind of web: an A-shaped frame made from non-sticky silk that supports a fuzzy rectangle that they hold with their front forelegs and use to trap prey.
They do this in two ways. In a maneuver called a "forward strike," they pounce down on prey moving beneath them on the ground. This is enabled by their large eyes — the biggest of any spider. These eyes give them 2,000 times the night vision that we have, Science explained.
But the spiders can also perform a move called the "backward strike," Stafstrom explained, in which they reach their legs behind them and catch insects flying through the air.
"So here comes a flying bug and somehow the spider gets information on the sound direction and its distance. The spiders time the 200-millisecond leap if the fly is within its capture zone – much like an over-the-shoulder catch. The spider gets its prey. They're accurate," coauthor Ronald Hoy, the D & D Joslovitz Merksamer Professor in the Department of Neurobiology and Behavior in the College of Arts and Sciences, told the Cornell Chronicle.
What the researchers wanted to understand was how the spiders could tell what was moving behind them when they have no ears.
It isn't a question of peripheral vision. In a 2016 study, the same team blindfolded the spiders and sent them out to hunt, Science explained. This prevented the spiders from making their forward strikes, but they were still able to catch prey using the backwards strike. The researchers thought the spiders were "hearing" their prey with the sensors on the tips of their legs. All spiders have these sensors, but scientists had previously thought they were only able to detect vibrations through surfaces, not sounds in the air.
To test how well the ogre-faced spiders could actually hear, the researchers conducted a two-part experiment.
First, they inserted electrodes into removed spider legs and into the brains of intact spiders. They put the spiders and the legs into a vibration-proof booth and played sounds from two meters (approximately 6.5 feet) away. The spiders and the legs responded to sounds from 100 hertz to 10,000 hertz.
Next, they played the five sounds that had triggered the biggest response to 25 spiders in the wild and 51 spiders in the lab. More than half the spiders did the "backward strike" move when they heard sounds that have a lower frequency similar to insect wing beats. When the higher frequency sounds were played, the spiders did not move. This suggests the higher frequencies may mimic the sounds of predators like birds.
University of Cincinnati spider behavioral ecologist George Uetz told Science that the results were a "surprise" that indicated science has much to learn about spiders as a whole. Because all spiders have these receptors on their legs, it is possible that all spiders can hear. This theory was first put forward by Walcott 60 years ago, but was dismissed at the time, according to the Cornell Chronicle. But studies of other spiders have turned up further evidence since. A 2016 study found that a kind of jumping spider can pick up sonic vibrations in the air.
"We don't know diddly about spiders," Uetz told Science. "They are much more complex than people ever thought they were."
Learning more provides scientists with an opportunity to study their sensory abilities in order to improve technology like bio-sensors, directional microphones and visual processing algorithms, Stafstrom told CNN.
"The point is any understudied, underappreciated group has fascinating lives, even a yucky spider, and we can learn something from it," he told CNN.
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