11 Wilderness Victories in 2013
2013 presented plenty of challenges for conservation. Special interest groups and anti-wilderness members of Congress continued their attempts to give away vast swaths of public wild lands to mining, logging and oil and gas interests. These attacks on wildlands included some of our most beloved, pristine areas from Yosemite National Park to the Arctic Refuge.
Together, The Wilderness Society and supporters fended off these attacks on majestic forests, parks, refuges and Bureau of Land Management (BLM) lands, while also winning permanent protections for spectacular areas from New Mexico to Washington. In other places, such as Montana's Rocky Mountain Front, significant progress was made towards gaining permanent protections for other special wild areas.
2013 Success Stories
1. New Mexico's Rio Grande del Norte wins national monument designation
In a major victory for public wild lands and the people who visit them, President Obama named five new national monuments in March of this year. Stretching across roughly 240,000 acres of geologically-diverse land between the San Juan and Sangre de Cristo Mountain ranges, New Mexico’s Rio Grande del Norte was the largest of the newly-protected areas, but it has been considered a signature attraction of the American southwest for many years. The area is a hot spot for anglers and other outdoor recreation seekers, but it also offers pockets of solitude and simple, stunning beauty—to wit, the 10,000-foot volcanic Ute Mountain and a stretch of the wild Río Grande River.
2. Washington's San Juan Islands becomes a national monument
The San Juan Islands, an archipelago in Washington’s Puget Sound, is another of the new national monuments designated in 2013. The area may be best known for a series of historic lighthouses, but it lays claim to an abundance of natural beauty as well: sandy beaches, rocky cliffs and hiking trails make it an increasingly popular destination for travelers. Animal inhabitants of the islands and their immediate area include black-tail deer, river otter, mink and marine life like orcas and seals. Other natural and cultural landmarks tabbed as national monuments this year were Harriet Tubman National Monument (Maryland), Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument (Ohio) and various Delaware Historic sites.
3. Introducing Pinnacles National Park
California’s Pinnacles National Park, which was upgraded from national monument status this year after more than a century, is aptly named. The 26,000-acre stretch of land is clustered with striking mountain spires, all brought forth by geological upheaval over the course of millions of years. Rock slides have formed several talus caves (openings between boulders) in the park, some of which are home to major bat colonies. Elsewhere, habitat ranges from dry chaparral to riparian forest full of flowering native plants. Pinnacles National Park is home to strange and wonderful wildlife as well, including the threatened California red-legged frog and about two dozen California condors. The latter, managed as part of an ongoing recovery effort, affect a regal air, tapered white slashes highlighting a nine-foot wingspan as they survey the craggy peaks from high overhead.
4. Protections for Teanaway River Valley, Washington
Washington celebrated a huge victory early this year when state legislature passed a bill that protected a whopping 50,000 acres of land in the picturesque Teanaway River Valley, east of Seattle. Recognizing the fundamental link between land and water conservation, the Wilderness Society helped to guide a management plan that included significant land protections and is thrilled to see the Teanaway conserved for the enjoyment of future generations.
5. Sensitive areas in the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska protected from oil and gas drilling
After years of fighting to protect Alaska’s National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska from unrestricted oil drilling, the campaign to protect America’s largest tract of public land paid off when the Department of the Interior issued a final management plan that will protect 11 million acres of "Special Areas" from oil and gas development. These sensitive areas are west of the renowned Arctic Refuge and share many of the same spectacular attributes, included important habitat for caribou, migratory birds, polar bears and wolves. The decision also protects Alaska Native communities who depend on this land for sustenance. In addition, the BLM has announced a 2013 strategic plan to clean up more than 130 abandoned oil and gas well sites, which threaten to pollute this fragile ecosystem.
6. Utah's red rock lands shielded from rampant off-roading
Conservationists won the day for Utah’s magnificent red rock canyon country when a federal judge struck down a management plan that wrongly prioritized rampant off-roading over Utah’s wildlands. The Wilderness Society was part of a conservation coalition that originally challenged the plan in an attempt to bring balanced management to Utah’s spectacular public lands.
7. Yosemite National Park saved from disastrous logging bill
After a public outcry, Yosemite National Park was removed from a disastrous bill that would have opened huge areas damaged by the Rim Fire to logging without ordinary public notice or environmental review. This would have compounded the damage of the blaze itself and disrupted wooded areas’ natural cycle of recovery. Yosemite, which is comprised of about 95 percent protected wilderness area, welcomes millions of visitors each year to be moved by its crashing waterfalls and erosion-chiseled terrain. Lamentably, nearby Stanislaus National Forest remains in the logging bill. Emigrant Wilderness, a great spot for hiking and horseback riding that falls under the purview of the legislation, is known for its volcanic ridges, eerie basalt columns and alpine lakes.
8. Ban on new uranium mining at the Greater Grand Canyon upheld
The ban on uranium mining on public lands around Grand Canyon National Park was upheld. Last year, the Department of Interior finally protected one million acres surrounding the Grand Canyon from new mining claims. This year, mining companies sued, but a judge ruled to uphold the protections.
9. Progress for Rocky Mountain Front, Montana
The Wilderness Society has put in years of work to increase protection for the Rocky Mountain Front, a virtually unspoiled area in Montana where the craggy limestone forms of the Rocky Mountains give way to lake-dotted plains. This year a bill introduced by Sen. Max Baucus (D-MT) that would add 67,000 acres to the eastern fringe of the existing Bob Marshall and Scapegoat Wilderness Areas and set aside additional space for a Conservation Management Area took a big step forward, passing unanimously out of a Senate committee in November. In addition to protecting a gem of American biodiversity, the bill represents the spirit of bipartisan comity: hunters, anglers, local businesses and conservation interests have united to spearhead the effort from the grassroots up.
10. Arctic National Wildlife Refuge safe for another year
Not a year goes by that special interests don't attempt to open this crown jewel of our refuge system to oil and gas development. This year was no different. Gov. Parnell (R-AK) proposed a plan for seismic testing to search for oil and gas in the refuge, not just once but three times this year. Such development would irreparably harm the refuge's fragile ecosystem, which supports vibrant and diverse Arctic life, from tiny tundra plants to thundering caribou herds and roaming polar bears. All three of Parnell's attempts were rejected by the Interior Department and the refuge continues to exist in peace. However, it is only through an official wilderness designation that the Arctic Refuge will finally be protected from drilling proposals.
11. President Obama unveils climate change plan
President Obama announced an ambitious government-wide plan to address the nation’s climate crisis this year. The president’s action package includes doubling America’s renewable energy goals and implementing energy efficiency programs on public lands. The Wilderness Society has crafted a renewable energy blueprint that outlines strategies the Obama Administration can adopt to develop a strong and smart renewable energy program.
Visit EcoWatch’s BIODIVERSITY page for more related news on this topic.
Typhoon Molave is expected to make landfall in Vietnam on Wednesday with 90 mph winds and heavy rainfall that could lead to flooding and landslides, according to the U.S. Embassy and U.S. Consulate in Ho Chi Minh City. To prepare for the powerful storm that already tore through the Philippines, Vietnam is making plans to evacuate nearly 1.3 million people along the central coast, as Reuters reported.
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A stretch of coastline in the Philippine capital, Manila has received backlash from environmentalists. The heavily polluted Manila Bay area, which had been slated for cleanup, has become the site of a controversial 500-meter (1,600-foot) stretch of white sand beach.
Sand Makeup Crucial for Ecosystems<p>While UNEP/GRID-Geneva generally supports finding <a href="https://www.dw.com/en/not-enough-sand-for-construction-industry-despite-abundance/a-49342942" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">alternative sources of sand</a> so as not to disrupt ecosystems in rivers and oceans when extracting them, Vander Velpen stressed it was vital to use sand which closely matches the makeup of the native sand to protect beach fauna.</p><p>"If you change the core characteristics of the native sand, the original sand, you need to do an environmental impact assessment (EIA) to find out how it's going to impact the ecosystem and nearby ecosystems," he told DW.</p><p>But according to Torres, such an assessment was not done in Manila.</p>
Beautification Stunt Instead of Proper Cleanup?<p>Manila Bay's waters are heavily polluted by oil and trash from nearby residential areas and ports. A huge "No swimming" sign warns visitors to stay away from the ocean.</p><p>Philippines' <a href="https://denr.gov.ph/index.php/priority-programs/manila-bay-clean-up/25-priority-programs/1825-frequently-ask-questions-faqs-on-the-dolomite-and-the-beach-nourishment-project" target="_blank">Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)</a> has denied dolomite sand poses any risk to human health and the ecosystem.</p><p>However, scientists of the University of the Philippines have come forward disputing the DENR's claims. A <a href="https://biology.science.upd.edu.ph/index.php/ib-statement-regarding-dolomite-in-manila-bay/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">statement by the Institute of Biology</a> said that using crushed dolomite did not address any of the rehabilitation phases and instead was "even more detrimental to the existing biodiversity as well as the communities in the area," pointing to the case of water birds. "The dumping of dolomite in Manila Bay has effectively covered part of the intertidal area used by the birds thereby reducing their habitat."</p><p>At peak migration season, Manila Bay is home to 90 aquatic bird species, including species of international conservation concern that are facing a very high extinction risk in the wild. </p><p>Authorities should focus on protecting and conserving biodiversity, the Institute of Biology added. "Rehabilitating mangroves is an example of a nature-based solution that is cheaper and more cost-effective than the dolomite dumping project," the scientists said.</p><p>Moreover, <a href="http://www.msi.upd.edu.ph/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">the Marine Science Institute</a> has warned that prolonged inhalation of finer dust particles of dolomite could "cause chronic health effects," leading to discomfort in the chest, shortness of breath and coughing.</p><p>They also warned dolomite sand grains would erode during storms and be carried out to sea, essentially being washed away.</p>
Rehabilitation vs. Reclamation<p>Environmentalists say covering up the beach doesn't address the real issues of the bay. Torres and others believe the best way to clean up Manila Bay is not to add anything, but rather remove trash and pollution.</p><p>"There have been studies saying much of the waste comes from already collected waste — so these are open dump sites along the coast that get washed up because of the rain," Torres said.</p><p>She criticized the authorities for continuing to push reclamation projects she says are at odds with each other. These projects will affect large areas of mangrove forests, she said, and experts warn that this, in turn, exacerbates coastal erosion.</p><p>"If you've removed the areas that helped trap the sand, like mangrove forests, then the likelihood increases that you will have to nourish a beach. Same as building right up to the waterfront," said Vander Velpen of UNEP/GRID-Geneva.</p>
Plenty of Sand in the Sea?<p>The question of Manila's contentious white beach echoes larger questions about sand mining worldwide. <a href="https://unepgrid.ch/storage/app/media/documents/Sand_and_sustainability_UNEP_2019.pdf" target="_blank">Global sand consumption has tripled</a> over the past two decades, UNEP/GRID-Geneva has found. A huge chunk of it is now taken up by construction.</p><p>"Many operate on the assumption that natural sand is endless in its supply," said Vander Velpen.</p><p>Sand scarcity is a concern shared by Stefan Schimmels of <a href="https://www.fzk.uni-hannover.de/fzk_start.html?&L=1" target="_blank">Forschungszentrum Küste</a> who's done extensive research on shore nourishment to stop coastal erosion. And as climate change and rising sea levels are threatening coasts, demand for sand will grow even more.</p><p>A large study, the <a href="http://www.stencil-project.de/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/STENCIL_SWOT_Analyse_191026.pdf" target="_blank">Strategies and Tools for Environment-Friendly Shore Nourishments as Climate Change Impact Low-Regret Measures (STENCIL project)</a>, focused on the German island of Sylt, a popular vacation spot.</p><p>About 1 million cubic meter of sand per year is used to maintain the coastal area of Sylt, STENCIL project head Schimmels said. That's about 100 million 10-liter buckets of sand.</p><p>When sand was extracted off the coast of Sylt, underwater craters were formed. "You can still detect these craters even decades later," Schimmels told DW.</p><p>"Also when you add a couple of meters sand onto the beach — you essentially bury all things that do creep and fly," he said. "How quickly will they recover?" Schimmels said more research was needed as there was still too little known about long-term effects on the environment. </p>
Criticism Piling Up<p>As for Manila's artificial white sand, it looks like some might have already been blown away by a recent storm. DENR claims it wasn't washed away, but said that grayish sand, stones and other material had simply piled up over the dolomite sand. People in Manila have tweeted photos showing how the storm has ravaged the beach. </p>
<div id="adc0b" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="98f9390db6bb81cb421aaf0bb9d9a6fb"><blockquote class="twitter-tweet twitter-custom-tweet" data-twitter-tweet-id="1318816633280851969" data-partner="rebelmouse"><div style="margin:1em 0">Exactly one month after giving excited netizen a glimpse of Manila Bay white sands, look what happened now after ju… https://t.co/X0Z9i0bPB0</div> — M*A*S*H (@M*A*S*H)<a href="https://twitter.com/Magtira_Matibay/statuses/1318816633280851969">1603265362.0</a></blockquote></div><p>Authorities have been called tone-deaf for spending around 389 million pesos ($8 million) on a beach nourishment project in the middle of a raging pandemic.</p><p>An image of cake iced with the words "It really hurts - that's [worth] 389 million pesos?" has since gone viral.</p>
<div class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="4387aad52ea316e4db7330052318ca2f"><div class="fb-post" data-href="https://www.facebook.com/theweekendpatisserie/posts/144564207350008"></div></div><p>"It's just a waste of precious resources," Torres said. </p><p>The environmental activist now also worries that she might be labeled a terrorist for speaking out under the <a href="https://www.dw.com/en/philippine-anti-terrorism-law-triggers-fear-of-massive-rights-abuses/a-53732140" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Philippines' controversial new anti-terrorism law</a>. She says she could be arrested for inciting fear when talking about environmental dangers.</p>
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