For many people, wheat bread is a staple food.
However, the majority of breads sold today are made from refined wheat, which has been stripped of most fiber and nutrients.
Big-leafed greens like lettuce or romaine lettuce are great substitutions for bread or wraps. Photo credit: Photo credit: Shutterstock
Many brands claim to be made from “whole" wheat, but still contain mostly pulverized grains.
Wheat is also high in short-chain carbs called FODMAPs, which cause digestive distress in many people.
Although many people can still eat bread without problems, there are others who do best avoiding it.
Fortunately, convenient and healthy alternatives to bread are becoming more readily available.
Here are 10 easy and delicious ways to replace conventional wheat bread:
1. Oopsie Bread
Oopsie bread is one of the simplest and most popular low-carb breads.
It can be made from only eggs, cream cheese and salt, although some recipes add more ingredients.
Oopsie bread is widely used as a replacement for wheat bread and is delicious as a bun for burgers or served with toppings.
It is easy to make, contains only a few ingredients and tastes delicious.
You can find photos and a recipe for Oopsie bread here.
2. Ezekiel Bread
Ezekiel bread is one of the healthiest breads available.
It is made with several types of sprouted grains and legumes, including wheat, millet, barley, spelt, soybeans and lentils.
The grains are allowed to sprout before processing, so they contain lower amounts of harmful antinutrients.
This makes the bread much more nutritious and easily digestible.
Ezekiel bread also contains no added sugar. However, if you are sensitive to gluten, then Ezekiel bread is not the right option for you.
You may be able to buy Ezekiel bread at some bakeries or you can make it yourself.
There are some tips on making your own Ezekiel bread here.
3. Corn Tortillas
Tortillas can be made with either wheat or corn.
Corn tortillas are gluten-free but high in fiber, making them a great option for people who are sensitive to gluten.
You can use corn tortillas in sandwiches, wraps, burgers, pizzas or simply with toppings like butter and cheese.
It is very easy to make corn tortillas yourself, since they contain only two ingredients: water and a Mexican flour called Masa Harina.
You can find a recipe here.
4. Rye Bread
Rye bread is made from rye, a type of grain that is related to wheat.
It is darker and denser than regular bread, as well as much higher in fiber.
Rye bread causes a lower rise in blood sugar than wheat bread. However, it also has a stronger, more unique flavor that may be an acquired taste (6).
Some rye breads are made with a mixture of rye and wheat, so they are a little lighter and have a mild, sweet flavor.
Keep in mind that rye bread contains some gluten, so it is not an option on a gluten-free diet.
You can find rye bread at most supermarkets and bakeries. It is also relatively easy to make yourself.
Here are several recipes to try.
5. Lettuce and Leafy Greens
Big-leafed greens like lettuce or romaine lettuce are great substitutions for bread or wraps.
You can fill these greens with toppings like meat or veggies.
The leaf can also be used as a wrap, to hold everything together.
Lettuce wraps are extremely fresh and way lower in calories than bread-based wraps.
Here are some fun and creative salad wrap ideas.
6. Sweet Potatoes and Vegetables
Cooked sweet potato slices make an excellent and tasty substitute for bread buns, especially with burgers.
They may also be used in a variety of recipes for grain-free breads and flatbreads.
These are fresh, tasty alternatives. They are especially delicious with toppings like meats, cream cheese and vegetables.
7. Butternut Squash or Sweet Potato Flatbread
There are many recipes online for grain-free bread alternatives.
One of these recipes, made with butternut squash or sweet potatoes, is especially mouth-watering.
This flatbread is an excellent alternative for people who are avoiding grains, but still want to eat sandwiches or buns with their meals.
You can find the recipe here.
8. Cauliflower Bread or Pizza Crust
Making bread or pizza crusts with a mix of cauliflower and cheese is very popular.
To do this, an entire head of cauliflower must be grated and cooked.
The cauliflower is then mixed with egg, cheese and spices before it is flattened and baked.
Cauliflower bread or crust tastes great and is nutritious, as well as low in carbs. It is a delicious alternative to regular bread.
Combined with toppings of your choosing, this may become one of your favorites.
You can find a recipe here.
Eggs are among the most nutritious foods you can eat.
They can be a protein-rich substitute for bread and can be used in a variety of foods. When eating burgers, fried eggs can replace the bun.
Here are some creative ideas on how to prepare eggs.
10. Sourdough Bread
Sourdough bread is made from fermented grains.
This makes sourdough bread more easily digestible and more nutritious than regular bread.
However, it tastes a little more sour than regular bread since it contains lactic acid.
You can make sourdough bread yourself in a few easy steps, but you'll need to make a starter culture to work with.
You can find a recipe here.
Keep in mind that sourdough bread made with gluten-containing grains still contains gluten.
Take Home Message
Although wheat bread makes up a large part of many people's diets, it can easily be replaced with healthier and more nutritious alternatives.
With the right resources, this change should not be difficult, although it may be more time consuming at first.
The list above is a good place to start. Find something that you enjoy eating that fits into your lifestyle.
This article was reposted from our media associate Authority Nutrition.
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The ghoulishly named ogre-faced spider can "hear" with its legs and use that ability to catch insects flying behind it, the study published in Current Biology Thursday concluded.
"Spiders are sensitive to airborne sound," Cornell professor emeritus Dr. Charles Walcott, who was not involved with the study, told the Cornell Chronicle. "That's the big message really."
The net-casting, ogre-faced spider (Deinopis spinosa) has a unique hunting strategy, as study coauthor Cornell University postdoctoral researcher Jay Stafstrom explained in a video.
They hunt only at night using a special kind of web: an A-shaped frame made from non-sticky silk that supports a fuzzy rectangle that they hold with their front forelegs and use to trap prey.
They do this in two ways. In a maneuver called a "forward strike," they pounce down on prey moving beneath them on the ground. This is enabled by their large eyes — the biggest of any spider. These eyes give them 2,000 times the night vision that we have, Science explained.
But the spiders can also perform a move called the "backward strike," Stafstrom explained, in which they reach their legs behind them and catch insects flying through the air.
"So here comes a flying bug and somehow the spider gets information on the sound direction and its distance. The spiders time the 200-millisecond leap if the fly is within its capture zone – much like an over-the-shoulder catch. The spider gets its prey. They're accurate," coauthor Ronald Hoy, the D & D Joslovitz Merksamer Professor in the Department of Neurobiology and Behavior in the College of Arts and Sciences, told the Cornell Chronicle.
What the researchers wanted to understand was how the spiders could tell what was moving behind them when they have no ears.
It isn't a question of peripheral vision. In a 2016 study, the same team blindfolded the spiders and sent them out to hunt, Science explained. This prevented the spiders from making their forward strikes, but they were still able to catch prey using the backwards strike. The researchers thought the spiders were "hearing" their prey with the sensors on the tips of their legs. All spiders have these sensors, but scientists had previously thought they were only able to detect vibrations through surfaces, not sounds in the air.
To test how well the ogre-faced spiders could actually hear, the researchers conducted a two-part experiment.
First, they inserted electrodes into removed spider legs and into the brains of intact spiders. They put the spiders and the legs into a vibration-proof booth and played sounds from two meters (approximately 6.5 feet) away. The spiders and the legs responded to sounds from 100 hertz to 10,000 hertz.
Next, they played the five sounds that had triggered the biggest response to 25 spiders in the wild and 51 spiders in the lab. More than half the spiders did the "backward strike" move when they heard sounds that have a lower frequency similar to insect wing beats. When the higher frequency sounds were played, the spiders did not move. This suggests the higher frequencies may mimic the sounds of predators like birds.
University of Cincinnati spider behavioral ecologist George Uetz told Science that the results were a "surprise" that indicated science has much to learn about spiders as a whole. Because all spiders have these receptors on their legs, it is possible that all spiders can hear. This theory was first put forward by Walcott 60 years ago, but was dismissed at the time, according to the Cornell Chronicle. But studies of other spiders have turned up further evidence since. A 2016 study found that a kind of jumping spider can pick up sonic vibrations in the air.
"We don't know diddly about spiders," Uetz told Science. "They are much more complex than people ever thought they were."
Learning more provides scientists with an opportunity to study their sensory abilities in order to improve technology like bio-sensors, directional microphones and visual processing algorithms, Stafstrom told CNN.
"The point is any understudied, underappreciated group has fascinating lives, even a yucky spider, and we can learn something from it," he told CNN.
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