The performance of each city was separated into four categories:
3. Energy Sources
4. Lifestyle and Policy
Within these categories, analysts looked at a set of 20 metrics, such as "greenhouse-gas emissions per capita" and "number of smart-energy policies and initiatives."
San Francisco managed to edge out Honolulu to claim the top overall ranking, but the Hawaiian island city came first in lowest greenhouse gas emissions and highest amount of green space. Some of the other results were unsurprising. New York, for instance, had the lowest percentage of commuters who drive and Las Vegas contained the least amount of green spaces. Minneapolis, it turns out, had the best bike score, while Newark seems to be severely lacking in farmers markets. Overall, California had the most cities in the top ten, while Texas, Oklahoma and Ohio were tied for the bottom bunch.
Unlike other competitions, WalletHub's greenest cities is not really about winners and losers. Rather, it's about identifying the areas where your community can do better. The idea being that one day, all 100 cities will receive top scores. The pertinent question for now is, how to get there?
The answer largely comes down to "public-private partnerships," said Green. Companies that provide urban planning and biomimicry solutions to energy and water efficiency needs are just some of the examples Green lists. Others include businesses focused on "waste solutions, industrial process design and cleaner production," which can work together with cities to "understand, engage and leverage the best of each other."
If done effectively, this sort of collaboration can be profitable. Trump talks a lot about bringing jobs back. Well, according to the Union of Concerned Scientists, "more jobs are created for each unit of electricity generated from renewable sources than from fossil fuels." The explanation for this is quite simple. Fossil-fuel technology is capital-intensive, while renewable energy involves more labor.
Of course, there are a bunch of ways individual people can help do their part. As part of Wallethub's analysis, experts on environmental sustainability practices were asked their opinion on the matter. Some common answers included:
- Walk or bike to work, use mass transit or drive a gas-electric hybrid vehicle.
- Reduce, reuse, recycle and always remember to bring your canvas bag to the shops.
- Buy local, especially locally sourced food.
Some more specific answers and the experts who provided them, include:
- "The best and most effective improvements come from good old energy efficiency (better insulation at home, thicker windows, energy efficient lights, etc.)" — Ted Loch-Temzelides, professor of economics and scholar of energy studies at Rice University
- "In the southern U.S., turn up the thermostat a degree or two; use ceiling and/or portable fans; open windows in fair weather. When selecting a home, consider an older neighborhood with an established tree canopy—a shaded roof saves electricity bills." — Robert M. MacLeod, director of School of Architecture & Community Design at University of South Florida
- "The best approach is to rethink our own consumption and finding out ways to be more efficient and conserve (energy, water, miles traveled, others) as much as we can." — Nabil Nasr, director of the Gosilano Institute for Sustainability at the Rochester Institute of Technology
- "The biggest single impact will come from reducing unnecessary air travel, since a single cross-country flight can produce as many greenhouse gas emissions per passenger as created annually by their car." — Stephen M. Wheeler, professor of landscape architecture and environmental design at UC Davis
- "The most effective way is Community Choice Aggregation, whereby individuals come together to pool their investments in renewable energy on a voluntary basis." — David Auston, director of TomKat Carbon Neutrality Project in the Institute of Electricity Efficiency at UC Santa Barbara
There you have it. If individuals, businesses and local government can all work together in taking up the fight, we can fight the battle against climate change without having to rely on a bunch of suits in conference rooms. Power to the people—renewable power, of course.
Reposted with permission from our media associate AlterNet.